Picture of first sit-in August 13, 1960 and closed lunch counter. “It was never about a hot dog and a Coke®!” More »
Members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP TODAY---with Marjorie Meeks Brown, Dr. Arnett E. Girardeau, Iona Godfrey King, Rometa Graham Porter, Isaac Carnes, Alton Yates. More »
With NAACP National Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins in 1960 when he spoke in Jacksonville at one of the NAACP Mass Meetings. More »
With Dr. Michael Eric Dyson-Speaker at the 2009 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. More »
With Dr. Charles Ogletree, the Harvard Law School Jesse Climenko Professor of Law, and Founding and Executive Director of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice...and the Speaker at the 2008 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. Dr. Ogletree taught both Michelle Obama and President Obama at Harvard Law School. More »
Ruby Hurley and Ella Baker, two of 12 Civil Rights Icons immortalized in the 2009 USPS Stamp Issue-Civil Rights Pioneers. More »
Mrs. Ruby Hurley, Southeastern Regional Director NAACP and our 1960 NAACP Youth Council Surrogate Mother. More »
50th Anniversary Commemoration of the 1960 Sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday with members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP. From left...Issac Carnes, Marjorie Meeks Brown, Mary Chisholm Underwood, Iona Godfrey King, and Ann Albertie Hurst (yep my wife). In the rear of the Pulpit area at Bethel Baptist Institutional Church...from left...Ms. Adora Nweze, President of the Florida State Conference of Branches NAACP; Rev. Dr. Randolph Bracy; Isaiah Rumlin, President of the Jacksonville Branch; and Bethel Senior Co-Pastor, Bishop Rudolph McKissick Sr. More »
Dr. Johnnetta Cole, Speaker at the 2013 ASALH National Convention Banquet in Jacksonville, Florida. More »
Dr. Robert Hayling, Me, and Charlie Cobb at the 2014 Florida Heritage Book Festival for our presentation on the Civil Rights/Freedom Summer Movement. More »
Albert Einstein and Racism:
In fact, many significant details are missing from the numerous studies of Einstein’s life and work, most of them having to do with Einstein's opposition to racism and his relationships with African Americans.
Einstein continued to support progressive causes through the 1950s, when the pressure of anti-Communist witch hunts made it dangerous to do so. Another example of Einstein using his prestige to help a prominent African American occurred in 1951, when the 83-year-old W.E.B. Du Bois, a founder of the NAACP, was indicted by the federal government for failing to register as a "foreign agent" as a consequence of circulating the pro-SovietStockholm Peace Petition. Einstein offered to appear as a character witness for Du Bois, which convinced the judge to drop the case.
In the wake of the monumental effort to digitize Einstein's life and genius for the masses, let's hope that more of us will acknowledge Einstein's greatness as a champion of human and civil rights for African-Americans as one of his greatest contributions to the world.
This unique book is the first to bring together a wealth of writings by Einstein on the topic of race. Although his activism in this area is less well known than his efforts on behalf of international peace and scientific cooperation, he spoke out vigorously against racism both in the United States and around the world.
In May 1946, Einstein made a rare public appearance outside of Princeton, New Jersey (where he lived and worked in the latter part of his life), when he traveled to the campus of Pennsylvania's Lincoln University, the United States' first degree-granting black university, to take part in a ceremony conferring upon him the honorary degree of doctor of laws. Prior to accepting that degree, he delivered a ten-minute speech to the assembled audience in which he called upon the United States to take a leading role in preventing another world war and denounced the practice of segregation. Because mainstream U.S. newspapers reported little or nothing about the event, a full transcript of Einstein's speech that day does not exist — the only existing record of his words is a few excerpts pieced together from quotes reproduced in coverage by the black press:
The United Nations has no power to prevent war, but it can try to avoid another war. The U.N. will be effective only if no one neglects his duty in his private environment. If he does, he is responsible for the death of our children in a future war.
My trip to this institution was in behalf of a worthwhile cause. There is a separation of colored people from white people in the United States. That separation is not a disease of colored people. It is a disease of white people. I do not intend to be quiet about it.
The situation of mankind today is like that of a little child who has a sharp knife and plays with it. There is no effective defense against the atomic bomb … It can not only destroy a city but it can destroy the very earth on which that city stood.
As the authors of Einstein on Race and Racism noted, Einstein's comments about segregation at Lincoln University reflected his own experiences in both his native Germany and his adopted home in the United States and were part of a pattern of his attempting to ameliorate the effects of discrimination:
"Einstein realized that African Americans in Princeton were treated like Jews in Germany," said Taylor. "The town was strictly segregated. There was no high school that blacks could go to until the 1940s."
Einstein’s response to the racism and segregation he found in Princeton (Paul Robeson, who was born in Princeton, called it "the northernmost town in the South") was to cultivate relationships in the town's African-American community. Jerome and Taylor interviewed members of that community who still remember the white-haired, disheveled figure of Einstein strolling through their streets, stopping to chat with the inhabitants, and handing out candy to local children.
One woman remembered that Einstein paid the college tuition of a young man from the community. Another said that he invited Marian Anderson to stay at his home when the singer was refused a room at the Nassau Inn.
To sum it up, Einstein was making the point that segregation was not a 'Black problem', but a White problem in that it was born of a diseased mindset much like what became of Nazi Germany.
The Struggle Continue. RLHSR.
THIS ARTICLE SHOWS WHITE RACISM AND WHITE SUPREMACY AND WHITE HATRED OF "UPPITY NIGGERS" AT ITS WORST … WHICH IS COMMONPLACE USUAL FOR AMERICA.
VIOLENCE DIRECTED AT DR. MELISSA HARRIS-PERRY FOR NO REASON OTHER THAN YOU CAN AND GET AWAY WITH IT.
ONCE AGAIN, AMERICA LOVES TO SWEEP RACISM AND WHITE CORE RACIST ATTITUDES UNDER THE RUG. THEY WILL NOT STAY THERE!
The Struggle Continues! RLHSR.
Failed BLACK Logic after THEIR BLACKNESS put money in their pocket…
Blacks who proclaim RACE does not make a difference, yet they are hosting a TV show or they got their role on a TV show or they got a role in a movie specifically because they are Black. Do you think you can hide your hue of skin? Do you understand you are there because the suits—the bottom line boys—want to attract people who look like me to watch you?
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
THIS IS ABOUT POISONING BLACK PEOPLE. AND WHITE AMERICA SAYS NOTHING.
Another "Legacy" of American Racism. Unfortunately there is still no REAL OUTCRY from WHITE AMERICA because Flint is a predominantly Black City. "Kill a town of NIggers and their children. Who cares? It's OK."
AND FORGET ABOUT THE NATIONAL MEDIA. They are only concerned with their ratings. So incessantly reporting on the lunatic rantings of a wealthy White racist running for president is more important than reporting on a Republicant Governor and his poisoning and killing an entire city. This story DID NOT get any traction until Rachel Maddow started reporting on the story and the resulting and the inevitable genocide. Prior to that time everyone saw Murdering Governor Rick Snyder as some White Knight saving the citizens of Michigan from themselves …and especially in the Black cities of Detroit and Flint. More White folks saving the Coloreds from themselves. AMERICA!
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
President Obama DOES NOT have to repair the Breach in this country between Republicants and Democrats OR A SO-CALLED BREACH BETWEEN BLACKS AND WHITES. The Breach between Whites and Blacks was already there and a Black President inflamed the already simmering RACISM of America's Whites. Nothing New or surprising.
This is a national disgrace…a national scandal…environmental racism at its worst…and it is criminal. SOMEONE…and a lot of someones…should go to jail. Unfortunately, we know the lead laced Flint River used for drinking water as directed by the Governor et all will cause brain damage. It is irreversible and will occur in many Black children since Flint is 60 per cent Black. Unfortunately we have to wait and see how bad….yet we know the brain damage will happen….and we know it will be bad. QUESTION…DOES ANYONE GIVE A DAMN? The Republicant Governor of Michigan and his Republicant staff and the Republicant Legislature apparently DO NOT!
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
Anti-racism activist & educator Jane Elliot speaks to white citizens on receiving the same treatment as black citizens. "I want every white person in this room, who would be happy to be treated as this society in general treats our citizens, our black citizens. If you as a white person would be happy to receive the same treatment that our black citizens do in this society – please stand! – You didn't understand the directions. If you white folks want to be treated the way blacks are in this society – stand! – Nobody is standing here. That says very plainly that you know what's happening. You know you don't want it for you. I want to know why you are so willing to accept it or to allow it to happen for others." – Jane Elliot.
Enough Said! The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
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THANK YOU. The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
EXCELLENT BLOG ARTICLE BY Jay Bazzinotti …
He (President Barack Obama) had the un-mitigated gall to be a Black man who beat two Republican candidates. Furthermore, he had the bad sense to be articulate, a faithful husband and good father. Moreover, he unpatriotically was able to stop our soldiers from being killed in the Middle East while saving us 30 – 50 billion dollars a month. It was bad form for him to kill Osama bin Laden seeing as how the previous Administration was unable to do it. In addition, he made the mistake of saving the economy from falling into depression. But worst of all, he took Jesus at his word and treated all people, including gays, women, Latins, Blacks and whites the same as he would have wanted to be treated. It was clearly a major transgression for him to try to fix the broken health system in America. In addition, he foolishly gained the respect of our Allies, something the previous administration worked assiduously to destroy. Finally, he made the unforgivable error of trying to protect the environment and save the planet from climate change, something we absolutely CANNOT have. The Republicans are correct — this madman MUST be stopped.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
LET'S SET THE RECORD STRAIGHT…
ROSA PARKS DID NOT get on the Municipal Bus in Montgomery and then SPONTANEOUSLY decided she would sit down and then refuse to give her seat to someone White. It was planned for her to sit in the heretofore White section of the bus. Montgomery and Alabama had a municipal law which stated "Whites seat from front. Negroes seat from rear." The National NAACP needed to get the law in court and Edgar Daniel Nixon, President of the Montgomery Branch NAACP selected Rosa Parks, Secretary of the Montgomery Branch NAACP as the test litigant. Mrs. Parks was arrested as they knew she would be.
Upon Mrs. Parks arrest, the NAACP immediately filed suit against the segregated bus ordinance in federal court. The Montgomery Bus Boycott began as a consequence and as the case against segregation wound its way through the federal court system. During those days it was a two-pronged Civil rights attack. Sue and demonstrate. The boycott lasted from December 1, 1955 until December 20, 1956—381 Days— when the United States Supreme Court ruled the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses unconstitutional.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
The Media is a RACIST component of American Society, but what would you expect? Watch your local news ans see what Black headline stories lead their news casts. Watch how often they show mug shots of Black victims and a "clean" version of the shooting White police. Watch when the perpetrators are White, they almost always show them in a favorable light with nice college/high school pictures. Mostly, almost never a mug shot.Watch when the perpetrators are Black, almost always a mug shot. Watch how they never question the "official" version of a police shooting when the dead victim is Black and cannot answer for himself/herself. Watch how negative family history of the victim becomes a part of the Media response as if to absolve a policeman+ of murder. Watch how some Blacks—not all—follow the scripted "party line" and especially at the local news level.The Media alternates between being THE PR arm of the Republi-cant Party …The PR arm of Police Departments…and regurgitating talking points of some of the most vile Racists in America. NO COURAGE. Question…Who watches and monitors the media for truth? Answer…NO ONE.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
SIXTY YEARS AGO, ROSA PARKS refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Ala. Her courageous act is now American legend. She is a staple of elementary school curricula and was the second-most popular historical figure named by American students in a survey. There, we see a lifelong activist who had been challenging white supremacy for decades before she became the famous catalyst for the Montgomery bus boycott. We see a woman who, from her youth, didn’t hesitate to indict the system of oppression around her. As she once wrote, “I talked and talked of everything I know about the white man’s inhuman treatment of the negro.”
“A. Philip Randolph played a key role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955–1956. Contrary to popular belief—and to what is written in some historical accounts—the bus boycott was well-planned, and did not begin spontaneously simply because Rosa Parks was so tired that she would not move from her seat so that a white man could sit down. Edgar Daniel Nixon, president of both the Montgomery, Alabama, chapter of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and the Montgomery branch of the NAACP, was one of the key leaders of the boycott. He knew that the effort would require extensive support, and selected Rosa Parks, secretary of the Montgomery NAACP, to be at the center of the legal “test case” because of her dignified demeanor and temperament. As shown in Jeanne Theoharis’s book The Rebellious Life of Mrs. Rosa Parks, Rosa Parks was much more than merely a quiet seamstress who was so tired that she just had to sit down. Theoharis’s absorbing portrayal provides a deeper understanding of the life of this civil rights icon and her lifetime of activism.
Nixon asked Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., to lead the boycott. Because of the projected expenses for this large undertaking, he also contacted A. Philip Randolph for financial assistance with the effort. Randolph delivered more than $50,000—the amount varies with some accounts—to help offset the costs related to the boycott, which lasted 381 days. According to Nixon, “without A. Philip Randolph, there would not have been a successful Montgomery Bus Boycott and no legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.” Many consider Randolph to have been the true “Father of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.”
This is the ensuing conversation. I have replaced his name AND ALL REFERENCES with FACEBOOK FRIEND.
LEST WE FORGET.
IT IS NOT THE SYRIAN REFUGEES I AM LEERY OF BUT RATHER …
*the Dylan Roofs ( who killed the 9 AME Church members in Charleston South Carolina…
*the Byron De Le Beckwiths (who assassinated Medgar Evers)…
*the Shawn Berrys, Lawrence Russell Brewers, and John Kings (who dragged James Byrd for three miles behind their pick-up truck in Jasper Texas along an asphalt road)…
*the Cecil Prices (Deputy Sheriff in Philadelphia Mississippi who led the group responsible for the murder of James Earl Chaney from Meridian, Mississippi, and Andrew Goodman and Michael "Mickey" Schwerner from New York City, who were abducted, shot at close range and killed by members of the local White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the Neshoba County Sheriff's Office, and the Philadelphia Police Department of that city in Mississippi)…
*the Roy Bryants and the J. W. Milams (who murdered Emmett Till)…
*the James Earl Rays (who assassinated Dr. Martin Luther King)…
*the Robert Chambliss' (charged with murder and with buying 122 sticks of dynamite which he used to bomb the 16th Avenue Church in Birmingham Alabama killing Denise McNair, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson, and Addie Mae Collins, aged 11 to 14)…
*the faceless murderers of Harry T. Moore and his wife Harriet whose home was bombed on Christmas night in 1951 because of their civil rights activities…
*The murderers of Vernon Dahmer, President of the Harrisburg Mississippi NAACP and civil rights activist (who eventually died from burns when three carloads of Klansmen pushing into their house, shooting and setting fire to a dozen one-gallon containers of gasoline. His wife, youngest children, and elderly aunt all escaped, although his daughter was severely burned. Vernon Dahmer succumbed to his injuries just 12 hours later.)
*THESE ARE BUT A FEW of the HOMEGROWN DOMESTIC TERRORISTS Blacks have had to deal with in this SELF-ANOINTED Christian America.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
WHITE FOLKS ARE VERY GOOD AT SECOND GUESSING BLACKS WHEN BLACKS ARE IN CHARGE. However, what they are really admitting though is they cannot stand it that a Black male is the President of These United States. I think we have heard enough from Republicants and FOX and other wayward travelers in the Media to know and understand these comments have nothing to do with partisan politics or philosophical differences.
Ted Cruz and Rand Paul have never served in the military. Neither have Marco Rubio, Jeb Bush, Scott Walker, Chris Christie, Mike Huckabee, Rick Santorum or Bobby Jindal. Of course we all know the Uncle Ben story. It is no crime to not have served in the military. It is a crime when you allow your resolute ignorance of the military and military affairs tempered with Diplomacy…and your hatred for the President of the United States AND THE Commander-In-Chief of ALL United States Military …to overload your ignorant behind thereby impacting the entire world. Itchy Ignorant Trigger Happy A$$holes have no place in the Oval Office. We saw what happened when we had ONE in the White House just a few short years ago.
These comments have everything to do with White Privilege and White Folks refusing to admit and acknowledge the Black President knows what the hell he is doing. And they do not know whether to "sh*t or go blind" (colloquial expression in the Black community). They are also admitting they did not have have enough political moxey to run and be elected as President; so correspondingly they WILL NEVER admit President Obama has the requisite political intellect to serve AND serve WELL as President. They really do not have to. The proof is in the results.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
Black police…White Victim…no extenuating circumstances…GUILTY PERIOD!!!
White police…Black Victim…extenuating circumstances…JUSTIFIED SHOOTING!!!
Anyone can write this script.
"One of Rhode Island’s most powerful Democrats doesn’t believe that “white privilege” exists. In a recent interview with the Providence Journal, Nicholas Mattiello, the state’s speaker of the House, said that that racial disparities are simply due to African-Americans’ and other minority groups’ failure to “take advantage” of the opportunities available to them.
This subculture fosters attitudes that lead to astronomical rates of out-of-wedlock births, millions of fathers who give little or no support to their children, high rates of crime and violence, high levels of drug abuse, a poor work ethic and very poor academic achievement. Unless this subculture is eradicated, we may expect that great numbers of blacks will live in misery.
Cases in Points…
..The police was "kind of" wrong BUT if the young Black teen-aged female student had only OBEYED ORDERS the White male police officer would not have brutalized her.
…The police was "kind of" wrong BUT if Sandra Bland had just OBEYED ORDERS the White male police officer would not have arrested her and she would not have died in jail.
…The police was "kind of" wrong BUT if 12 year old Tamir Rice did not have a toy gun the White male police officer would not have shot and killed him after 3 seconds of observations.
…The police was "kind of" wrong BUT if Walter Scott had not run from the police, the White male police officer would not have killed him by taking careful aim and shooting him in the back.
…The police was "kind of" wrong BUT had Freddie Gray not caused his arrest, he would not have been brutalized by the police officers later dying from his injuries.
And this goes on and on and on … case after case after case. The brutalization of the young student in that South Carolina class room might have many scenarios, but the one scenario that most Whites zero in on is they see perceived disrespect as a reason for the police brutality. It goes back to that period in America's history called the Nadir of Race Relations—look it up—where 3-5 Blacks were LYNCHED WEEKLY in this Christian country purely based on the color of their skin. They were also lynched if the interpretation was they were "sassying" Whites. Sassying? Yes sassying.
Two articles which deals with basically the same issues…Police Brutality…White Privilege…White Supremacy.
No one can make ME believe a White policeman would have treated a White female student like this. Right or wrong she is still a child and a police officer should not have treated her like this. He is a professional law enforcement officer. It is yet another another example of police brutality … and you can bet the police apologists will instantly say she got what she deserved. Bottom line… she is still Black and brutal police actions are always excused when the victim is Black
(Denise Oliver Velez is one of my favorite writers. I am posting her blog of October 18, 2015 which appeared on Daily Kos web site.)
Historically, Black Americans tend to be overlooked when it comes to achievements in science, math, and medicine. So it was with great pride that we embraced the acclaim garnered by Dr. Ben Carson, neurosurgeon, who inspired many of our youngsters to go on to college and to follow his career in medicine. His autobiography, Gifted Hands, is a present that has been given to many young people in black households across America.
When Jenée Desmond-Harris interviewed some conservative white Ben Carson superfans in South Carolina in January, she found they were most enthusiastic about what she called the "made-for-Hollywood narrative arc of his life." Carson grew up poor in Detroit, but after working and studying hard, he became a successful and famous neurosurgeon.
"It goes to show that if you have a dream and fulfill that dream, it can be done," 71-year-old Martin Kolar of Myrtle Beach told her. Others praised Carson's faith and character — key selling points to evangelical voters, who preferred Carson to Trump in a recent poll of Iowa Republicans.Sometimes, however, these citations of Carson's biography can have an implicit — or not so implicit — racial undertone. "He would be a wonderful role model for everyone, especially for the black people," 72-year-old Peggy Kemmerly of Elongee said. "You know, to get them off entitlements. He could open doors. Well, doors have been opened for them, but unfortunately they haven't accessed them." And Kolar said that he hoped Carson "removes the hyphen" in African-American to identify as "just American, to heal the racial divide we've been forced into."
Barry Saunders, columnist and reporter for the News and Observer, wrote a take-down of Carson well before his run for the nomination, back in 2011:
For instance, who can dispute the importance of personal responsibility – not a Republican invention, by the way – when Carson tells in his autobiography, “Gifted Hands,” how his mother, not willing to believe he was a “dummy” as teachers and fellow students called him, made his brother and him turn off the television set and write her twice-weekly essays. She then made them read the essays to her. It was years later, he said, before his brother and he realized that their mother made them read the essays because she was illiterate. In explaining how he succeeded, Carson proclaimed at CPAC, “It was because I had a mother who believed in me.”
She didn’t do it aloneNo doubt, Mother Carson deserves tremendous credit, but – in the words of a political sound bite from the last presidential election – she didn’t do it alone. Carson, in his book, tells how his grades improved tremendously when a government program provided him with free eyeglasses because he could barely see. Not only that, in “Gifted Hands” we read this nugget: “By the time I reached ninth grade, mother had made such strides that she received nothing but food stamps. She couldn’t have provided for us and kept up the house without that subsidy.” He writes elsewhere, “As I’ve said, we received food stamps and couldn’t have made it without them.”Oy. Ben Carson now, though, bemoans the “welfare state” and talks about how the rich have always taken care of the poor, how “no one is starving in America” and how government dependence kills initiative. Eating welfare cheese obviously didn’t kill his ambition or prevent him from becoming a great surgeon, but he now thinks it would be bad for everyone else. Sort of like Florida Sen. Marco Rubio, eh, railing against Medicare and government-backed student loans – even while admitting that his parents received Medicare and he went to college on student loans? How many more Ben Carsons might there be out there who, if Carson’s plans go into effect, would never get a chance to shine?
Hypocrisy, thy name is Carson.
So why would any black person want to be Republican? It varies from person to person, but Rigueur’s work suggests the reasons fall into four rough categories. First, many inherited the political loyalty of their ancestors that supported the party of Abraham Lincoln and saw hope in the black outreach of Teddy Roosevelt. Second, others believe that economic security is the best way to secure civil rights, so their “work hard and be twice-as-good” mentality aligns well with conservative principles and policies. This may sound like prioritizing individualism over collective well-being, but it is closer to a belief that personal responsibility is the best way to achieve group progress. Third, there are those who believe a contested black electorate is the best way to empower black America, so they make the pragmatic decision to work from the Republican side. And fourth, and most interestingly, there are opportunists who choose the Republican Party because its black underrepresentation creates more attention and prospects for the few black members it does have.
Johnson's take is far milder than the one taken by Chauncey DeVega in "Ben Carson’s destructive lies: 4 racist assumptions endorsed & magnified by black conservatives." He concludes:
Black conservatives are highly prized by Republicans. As such, they are well compensated on the lecture circuit, by the right-wing media machine, and are coddled and protected by a network of well-funded conservative think tanks and public relations firms. Their designated role as the “best black friend” for Republicans, the “special” and “good one,” is ego gratifying. And because the Black Freedom Struggle is in many ways a burden that some black folks are either too weak or unwilling to carry, black conservatives from the Reagan era onward have chosen to betray that honorable past for reasons of convenience, cowardice, lucre, and self-aggrandizement.
Black conservatives who channel racist talking points about African-Americans in the service of institutional white power are not a new phenomenon. During chattel slavery, for example, the role of “the driver” on the plantation—the middle manager who was responsible for much of the day-to-day discipline and operation of the slave labor camp—was often a black man. Likewise, for reasons humane (protecting one’s family and kin from white enslavers) and craven (owning black human property to extract wealth and income from their bodies, minds, and labor), a very small number of African-Americans in the antebellum South chose to own slaves.Some people choose to challenge power by lying down and surrendering to it; others decide to benefit from its injustices and inequalities. The black conservatives in today’s Republican Party have made a strategic choice to do both.
Renee Bracey Sherman, reproductive justice activist, takes a hard look at Carson's compact with the anti-abortion right wing in this article. She writes:
History tells us that black women created their own forms of contraception and abortion-inducing teas with cotton root and other herbs while enslaved, to keep their owners from profiting off their bodies. The ability to plan pregnancies has always been essential to black women. For example, SisterReach, a nonprofit in Memphis, is using billboard campaigns to fight for access to shame-free reproductive healthcare, including abortion.
If GOP candidates really want to show off their “pro-life” values, they could discuss how the lack of health care access is devastating to the black community’s health. They could decry St. Louis police’s recent use of tear gas against Black Lives Matter protesters, which has been found to cause spontaneous miscarriages. But Carson believes that our First Amendment right to march for the lives of black youth is “silly,” and unfortunately, he’s not alone on the campaign trail in thinking that. And so we’ll keep seeing the GOP field bolster their conservative credentials using debunked myths, hypocrisy and baseless claims — and in the process, continue to deny women like me access to safe abortion care.
I have read a plethora of negative opinions from black writers on Dr. Ben, and they will keep coming as long as he is in the race and beyond. His future is assured in right-wing circles and on the speaker circuit, as well as on televised forums provided by Fox News. Since it would be incorrect to psychoanalyze Carson specifically, it makes more sense to put him and all the other black reactionaries of his ilk into a historical context and framework. He is not the first black man or woman used by those whose foot is on our necks to co-sign their ideology and practices, and he won't be the last. Nor is he the first to profit from it.
In "Black History is American history: Books you should read," one of the texts I featured was by Frantz Fanon. Pondering Ben Carson has sent me back to my bookshelf, to re-read the work of of this "Afro-Caribbean psychiatrist, philosopher, revolutionary."
Few modern voices have had as profound an impact on the black identity and critical race theory as Frantz Fanon, and Black Skin, White Masks represents some of his most important work. Fanon’s masterwork is now available in a new translation that updates its language for a new generation of readers.
A major influence on civil rights, anti-colonial, and black consciousness movements around the world, Black Skin, White Masks is the unsurpassed study of the black psyche in a white world. Hailed for its scientific analysis and poetic grace when it was first published in 1952, the book remains a vital force today from one of the most important theorists of revolutionary struggle, colonialism, and racial difference in history.
Frantz Omar Fanon was born on the Caribbean island of Martinique, which was then a French colony and is now a French département. His father was a descendant of enslaved Africans; his mother was said to be an "illegitimate" child of African, Indian and European descent, whose white ancestors came from Strasbourg in Alsace. Fanon's family was socio-economically middle-class and they could afford the fees for the Lycée Schoelcher, then the most prestigious high school in Martinique, where the writer Aimé Césaire was one of his teachers.
While the book does call for an end to oppression along with attempting to identify the nature of the "black self," it is also a direct assault on what many considered (and still consider) to be the essence of the black identity. As such, the book becomes a sort of internal conversation among black people calling for a reassessment of who we consider ourselves to be.
Given the current debates raging about a post-racial America, the election of the nation's first black president, and continued disagreements over what really constitutes "blackness," we may find that Fanon provided some very intriguing answers–over 50 years ago–to our most pressing questions about black people.
Zia Sardar writes in "Fanon and the Epidemiology of Oppression:"
Black Skin, White Masks was the first book to investigate the psychology of colonialism. It examines how colonialism is internalised by the colonised, how an inferiority complex is inculcated, and how, through the mechanism of racism, black people end up emulating their oppressors. It is due to the sensitivities of Fanon, says Ashis Nandy, that ‘we know something about the interpersonal patterns which constituted the colonial situation, particularly in Africa’ . Fanon began a process of psychoanalytic deconstruction that was developed further first by Nandy in The Intimate Enemy and then by Ngugi wa Thiong in Decolonising the Mind (1986). Other theorists of colonial subjectivity have followed in their footsteps.
Fanon writes from the perspective of a colonised subject. He is a subject with a direct experience of racism who has developed a natural and intense hatred of racism. When it comes to experience, this is no ordinary subject : already the author has fought for the resistance in the Caribbean and France, has been wounded near the Swiss border, and received a citation for courage. He has a professional interest in psychoanalysis and speaks of Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, and Carl Gustav Jung without much distinction. He is going to offer us a psychoanalytic interpretation of the black problem, he says. But we can be sure that this is not a therapy session. Fanon is no armchair philosopher or academic theorist. He has a more urgent and pressing thing on his mind: Liberation.
Our history, as a colonized people inside the United States cast perpetually as "the other," provides a constant tension and challenge for us as black Americans. We are all too aware of the fact that despite the fact that one of us ascended to the Oval Office, our struggle is far from over. In many ways Barack Obama's election has increased efforts to eliminate his ascendancy, unleashing unfiltered hate against us from right-wing quarters and upping the efforts to undo what has benefited us on his watch.
This black woman will be thinking of you as I cast my ballot for the Democrats on the ticket in the spring, middle finger held high and pointed in your direction.
The Struggle Continues.
Denise Oliver-Velez is currently an adjunct Professor of Anthropology and Women’s Studies at SUNY New Paltz, and is a Contributing Editor for the progressive political blog Daily Kos.
BLACK AMERICAN HISTORY TEACHERS AND WHITE AMERICAN HISTORY TEACHERS—
Like It Or Not—Do not expect your Black students to identify with your American History class if you do not incorporate Black History. If I sit in a classroom and only read about the contributions made by White Americans and White Europeans then the "learning field" is NEVER level. It is downright DISHONEST that a White American History as defined in history textbooks makes the ongoing statement that Blacks made no salient contributions to this country.
You have to teach the truth irrespective what the textbooks say. My Black ancestors developed this country also…before, during, and after slavery. And as distasteful as it might seem to some, you have to teach the truth about the Civil War, and that slavery was the REAL reason it was fought. It takes a bit of courage but you MUST make your History classes INCLUSIVE and TRUTHFUL! You are NOT TEACHING to do otherwise.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
MY ONGOING DIALOGUE WITH A WHITE FACEBOOK FRIEND AND HIS REFUSAL TO ADMIT TO WHITE PRIVILEGE AND A RESPONSE TO HIS FURTHER COMMENTS…..
Cultural different also means cultural difference in understanding Black and White. Individual successes by a few Blacks, myself included, does not mean Blacks have arrived or that White America is willing to share America.
I lived through one of the most despicable periods of this country and still live in one of the most insidious racist times in modern history. Discrimination against an entire race of people based on the color of their skin. The offshoot of a vile period in this country's sordid and racist history which entails a race of people enslaved because of the color of their skin. A period in time that some White Americans would have you think was caused by Africans. Thus an American history that will continually lie and has lied…instead of telling the truth.
You do not understand discrimination and bigotry and racism. I do. You do not understand segregation. I do. You do not understand "Colored" signs. I do. You do not understand White and Colored waiting rooms. I do. You do not understand Racism. I do. The signs are no longer there, but they were there and the residual attitudes are still there. I can criticize Ben Carson because I can. You might call him a hero but he is not a hero to me.
When I served in the military Whites and Blacks got along because they were compelled to do so, and there were still the racist fractures. Yet a few years earlier, the military was totally segregated. In fact, the Army issued a report which categorically stated Black soldiers did not have the mental capacity to lead or to serve as officers……and were not brave enough to fight. It is called Racism. The after product of Slavery and the Nadir of Race Relations. It still exists today.
White Privilege and White Supremacy is ingrained in American Life whether you will admit it or not. Racism is ingrained in American Life whether you will admit it or not. White Privilege obviously means the process defers to you and accrues in your favor only because of your skin color. American History and today's culture bears that out. It is real and it is why Blacks over the years had to fight —and are fighting—for basic rights they should have received through this nation's founding documents as American citizens.
Instead of most Whites admitting to Racism and White Privilege and White Supremacy, they deny those elements exist just like most Whites do not feel it necessary to apologize for slavery. And they refuse to admit the Civil War was fought because of slavery. State's Rights they say …which is patently ridiculous.
Whites and Blacks in this country have a long way to go. Quite frankly looking at the racist attitudes which have flared and surfaced because of a Black President, I do not hold out ANY hope we can solve the RACE PROBLEM any time soon. Yet that is not surprising because we have been fighting Racism and fighting White Core Racist Attitudes for centuries. That is why we say the Struggle Continues because it does.
Tim Wise once said if you want to know if racism is a problem you ought not to talk with White people. Yet you and I both know White Privilege is not a myth like racism is not a myth…both are real. And you do not need to earn either. They are both residuals that go with the territory based on the color of one's skin. White privilege accrue to you because of who you are. The opposite is racism which goes along with the territory based on the color of my skin. For me, it makes no difference how hard I work…how many schools I attend…how many degrees…no matter how good my choices are…the American Institution of Racism dictates a built in "penalty" because I am Black. And it is nothing new. I simply call it the American Way. You cannot understand because you have never been there.
Memo to Political Analysts…Try shutting your rancid mouths and opening your virgin ears. And don't tell me you are just doing your jobs. That ceased to exist when President Obama was elected and you decided you were so much more smarter and knowledgeable than the Black President of the United States. White Privilege and White Ego? You Better Believe It!
A gentleman asked me why I dislike Whites so much. I told him I did not dislike Whites. I told him some of my best friends are White. Take Mary, a White woman whom I know that works at the Church. Mary is different from most Whites you might meet. She is not like the rest of them. One time I heard Mary singing while she was cleaning the Church pantry. She did not know I was there. I just sat and listened to her sing. I think all Whites can sing, and they sing from their soul. I could listen to them sing forever. I do not know Mary’s last name although I did save her some of my clothes. I will give them to her at Christmas. Whites are real thankful when you give them things at Christmas.
You can thank Jeb Bush for this Education Scam on poor folks and especially Black folks in the state of Florida. Of course, he was simply laying the ground work concocted with the Big Money Boys to deliver taxpayer's money to private schools while ALSO opening the flood gates for the re-emergence of segregation academies.
1) Start the charter schools in the Black community first.
2) Get THEM to "buy-in".
3) Get the support of some Blacks–term used lightly–in the community by promising them a piece of this HUGE AND PROFITABLE Education Pie.
4) Then get THEM to oppose public education by encouraging THEM to take THEIR children —and the public education dollars—out of the public schools.
AND FINALLY, by the time THEY realize what is really happening, THEY cannot complain because WE started charter schools on THEIR side of town.
And THEY fell for it…Hook, Line, and sinker. WE Got'em. Dumb Niggers.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
Presidential Elections are all about the Federal Judiciary and the United States Supreme Court. Black President appointing progressive judges for life? Not if Republicants can help it. Thus this 60 year planned slowdown.
Republicants have proven they will go to any lengths to SABOTAGE the Obama Administration and they do not give a damn who they take with them. During the George W. Bush Administration, his Liberty University lawyer plants asked judges how they would vote on an issue or how they felt about an issue BEFORE they were considered for appointment. Obviously a president should know a judge's philosophy before he is appointed BUT Senate Republicants do not want President Obama to have any impact on the Federal Judiciary and the Supreme Court. As far as they are concerned still…he is a communistic inspired Muslim who was not born in America.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
LISTENING TO THE TALKING HEADS MASQUERADING AS POLITICAL INSIDERS in the lame stream media today, you would have thought the stage last night (9/16/15) at the Republicant Splash Party in the Kiddie Pool (so no one would drown) was filled with 11 of the greatest Orators and Debaters and Progressives in the world. A group who truly had the best interest of the American People at heart instead of 11 or the worst hypocrites with lips.
Once again, the media is the PR arm of the Republicant Party. Or as Chuck Todd famously said, I do not ask tough questions of Republicants on Meet The Press because if the questions are too tough they might turn me down when I ask them to appear on Meet The Press again. Yep, He said that! So how does NBC reward journalistic cowardice like that? Glad you asked. By giving this integrity-challenged wimp more air time. In addition to the boring Meet The Press Sunday program, they gave Chuck Todd –Big Yawn–Ed Schultz's 5:00 pm daily time slot on MSNBC. MEDIOCRE is the name of today's news.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
BLACK PREACHERS IN CHARLESTON SC SHOULD BE ASHAMED OF THEMSELVES.
And as Harriett Tubman said…I could have freed a thousand more slaves if they had realized they were slaves.
It is a shame that some Black Preachers do not realize they are Black and for whatever reasons are afraid of Minister Farrakhan. They ought to be ashamed of themselves and the religious garb on their bodies. Apparently they do not look in the mirror…or maybe they do look in the mirror and think they are White.
Yet some of these ministers in Charleston were the first ones to have a prayer vigil and ask the Nine grieving families to forgive the person who murdered their loved ones while joining hands singing Kumbayah. Their family members were barely cold … they had not even started to grieve …when they asked these Black families to forgive Dylan Roof. I wonder if the Jews were asked to hold hands and forgive and pray for Hitler and the Nazis. All after this homegrown terrorist in a premeditated manner emptied his gun in the church…taking Nine lives…and then fleeing like the coward he was. And there were the Black preachers putting that unfair burden on the families to forgive a Racist Murderer. With your boldness, you are now afraid to allow Minister Farrakhan to speak at various venues in Charleston without ridiculous restrictions? Last I checked, the Minister did not shoot anyone. And you stand in a pulpit and profess to be a man of the cloth.
You even have your parishioners watch TBN and other so-called Christian programming, and some of the most Racist preachers on TV; AND not one time do you call out these White Racists in the pulpit hiding behind the Cross with a Bible in their hands. But you want to restrict a Black minister from speaking in Charleston. I wonder how much you got paid for that "SERVICE?"
Some of these Black Bible thumping preachers in Charleston need to revisit the Black history of Charleston and re-acquaint themselves with Rev. Morris Brown and Denmark Vesey. They apparently flunked Black History.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
Blacks fighting against Racism today is NOT a NEW Civil Rights Movement. The Civil Rights Movement never ended. Blacks fighting for human dignity and respect today is Not New. There is no difference in Blacks fighting for human dignity and respect today and how they fought during the days of the American Holocaust called Slavery. The Civil Rights Movement of the Forties, Fifties, and Sixties was an extension of the fight. And the fight today is an extension of the fight. Same Fight–Different Time–Different Day.
Martin Luther King and John Lewis and Thurgood Marshall and Ella Baker and Medgar Evers and A. Philip Randolph and Ruby Hurley and Daisy Bates and Malcolm X…extensive list…fought the same fight that Ida Wells-Barnett and James Weldon Johnson and Walter White and William Trotter and W.E.B.DuBois and Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass and Richard Allen and Denmark Vesey…extensive list…fought. Young people today are fighting the same fight thousands before them fought. Being enslaved and kept in chains is the history of America. Lynching Blacks is the history of America. Racism is the history of America. Being judged by the color of your skin is the history of America. Being denied the right to vote is the history of America. Being denied Life Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness as a Black person is the history of America. And Blacks fighting for all of these "things" is the history of America. That has not changed. The fight FOR Civil Rights IS the fight AGAINST The American Institution of Racism. The day is different …the names are different…but the issues are the same and the skin color is the same; and in the final analysis, THE STRUGGLE is the Same.
And THE STRUGGLE CONTINUES. RLHSR.
RACISTS REALLY TAKE THE CAKE. KIM DAVIS A MODERN DAY ROSA PARKS? YOU CAN'T MENTION KIM DAVIS' NAME IN THE SAME BREATH WITH ROSA PARKS. ON HER BEST DAYS KIM DAVIS IS NOT A ROSA PARKS. NOT EVEN CLOSE. (And don't let the headline in this article fool you. It is an excellent read.)
"If some jackass speeds because he thinks speed limits are too low, he’s not the Rosa Parks of speeding when he gets arrested – he’s just a self-important jackass who thinks he’s above the law. "
On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, When Mrs. Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order to give up her seat in the "colored section" to a white male passenger, she was considered a Nigger Agitator and a few other choice racial epithets as well. She was fighting against Montgomery Alabama's segregated municipal bus ordinance which said "Whites sit from front. Coloreds sit from rear." In other words separate but equal. Mrs.Parks' refusal to move was a planned "test case" to get this racist law into the court system. Her arrest became another chapter In the Civil Rights Movement. Blacks boycotted Montgomery's Municipal buses for 381 days. She and Dr. Martin Luther King and E. D. Nixon and thousands of Blacks in Montgomery decided "enough is enough". They fought Segregation and Racism which were and are very much extensions of White Privilege and White Supremacy and the American Institution of Racism. On June 4, 1956, the federal district court ruled that Alabama’s racial segregation laws for buses were unconstitutional. While the case was appealed to the United States Supreme Court, segregation remained intact and the boycott continued. On November 13, 1956, the United States Supreme Court upheld the ruling of the lower court and legally ended racial segregation on Alabama’s public buses.
Rosa Parks was a true activist and a civil right pioneer and a fighter against racism; and as such was presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Clinton on September 9, 1996.
Kim Davis is not Rosa Parks. She’s the *($%^&$ racist bus driver on the Montgomery bus who asked her to move.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
Fifty-five years ago, Rodney Hurst sat down and ordered lunch at the segregated Woolworth’s lunch counter downtown.
He brought his courage.
He brought his dignity.
And he also brought some money.
“The police could only arrest us if we were trespassing,” Hurst told me.
“That’s why (NAACP President Rutledge) Pearson told us to always bring some money with us. And to make sure we bought something (Because if) we were in that store spending money, then we weren’t trespassing.”
That strategy protected Hurst, who was 16 and president of the NAACP Youth Council, from police arrests — as well as other protesters such as youth council vice-president Alton Yates and Arnett Girardeau, who later became a dentist and state senator.
But it did not protect them from the fury of the racists who battered them and scores of other blacks with ax handles on Aug. 27, 1960.
The day that’s become infamously known as Ax Handle Saturday.
The rioting that ripped through downtown marked a turning point for civil rights in Jacksonville.
It led to meetings at Snyder Memorial between African-American activists and white leaders who understood that segregation needed to end.
After more sit-ins, a citywide boycott and Hurst and youth council secretary Marjorie Meeks having lunch at Woolworth’s to show white patrons how unthreatening black people could be while simply eating, the lunch counters were finally integrated in March 1961.
That’s why one lesson that really resonated during the recent 55th anniversary of Ax Handle Saturday was how successful social change often required the courage and cunning of local activists.
A cunning, Hurst said, that was designed to expose both the indignity and absurdity of segregation.
“Why would you ask me to spend my money in your store,” Hurst said, “but not allow me to eat at your lunch counter?”
FORCING LOCAL CHANGES
Hurst noted that both the sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday were local events that demanded bravery and action by local people determined to bring about change in their community.
“No one got on the phone and called Nashville or Savannah and asked them what they were doing,” Hurst said.
“The press catapulted the events to a national level because of the racist reactions to them. But the events were local. That’s how it all changed.”
The meetings at Snyder Memorial also enabled Hurst and others to demand change for racial injustices that went well beyond integrating Woolworth’s lunch counter.
“We talked about black policemen and how they were not allowed to arrest whites,” Hurst said.
“(And) we talked about the need for black firemen. They told us that there were no black firemen because blacks were afraid of heights. And since firemen had to climb ladders, they couldn’t hire blacks to be firemen.”
Yes, they really did say that.
That’s why remembering Ax Handle Saturday remains important.
It’s not solely about remembering the pain and indignity that segregation inflicted on African-Americans.
It’s also about remembering a pivotal time that led to segregation’s demise.
It was absurd to allow black people to shop in a store but not to eat there.
It was absurd to stereotype black people as being afraid of heights — and to use that fallacy as a reason for not hiring black firefighters.
And because of that one bloody day in August 1960, all of those absurdities were exposed.
Tonyaa Weathersbee is a multiple award winning newspaper and web columnist, a frequent television commentator and expert on Cuba and black Latin America.
Thank You Tonyaa. The Struggle Continue. RLHSR.
This is a Classic Story. Blacks on TV are expected to contradict their skin color to remain on the air. For Blacks at the local level, It does not make a difference, although it should. Some local Black reporters and Black anchors are just glad to be on television and will invariably "sell their souls" everyday to report on the most ridiculous news stories on location on the streets. Their stories are designed to degrade the Black community. Local Black reporters who report on those stories give the slant of the story credibility and helps to validate crime "only" occurs in the Black community and in Jacksonville ONLY in Northwest Jacksonville. Blacks at the national level are expected to be seen and not heard and certainly NEVER have an opinion even when they are expected have an opinion….not if you want your face to remain on the TV screen. Just smile and act stupid and you can keep your job.
Katrina was a national disgrace and the White suits running the networks said "Nope and do not give a comment. We do not want to alienate our White viewers" which is THE Katrina Story. White Privilege…White Supremacy…White Racism….still reigns Grand and Imperial as in Wizard.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
THURGOOD MARSHALL—REAL AMERICAN HISTORY and one of my HEROES.
One of the highlights of my life was meeting Thurgood Marshall and Constance Baker Motley when they both came to Jacksonville to meet with Jacksonville NAACP attorney Earl Johnson. Attorney Johnson was preparing to file the Braxton versus the Duval County Schools School Integration Case (for Sadie Braxton on behalf of her children Sharon and Daly Braxton). I learned at an early age—I was 15—to just listen to your learned elders (while being awestruck at the same time.) This was a year or so prior to Ax Handle Saturday and the 1960 sit-ins. Like many Civil Rights Stalwarts, Mr. Marshall knew how to inspire young Blacks. He told us some of the greatest behind the scenes stories about fighting racism….the for the Brown Case…the Autherine Lucy Case…The Groveland Four situation…and other circumstances prodded on by our inquiring minds. Even at a young age you could recognize courage and the bravery it took to be a Thurgood Marshall.
Thurgood Marshall truly was and is a GIANT!!!
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
Death is tragic but understand today's tragedy of a Black death is such a ho-hum affair. That is the role the media plays in the American Institution of Racism…spoon-feeding the American public that Black Lives DO NOT really matter.
For instance, the recent deaths of two news persons on camera by an alleged Black former employee from the same station was described by many tragic terms and rightfully so and the media took care to explain "you might not want to watch this because of the nature of these deaths."
Yet none of the deaths on camera/video referred to in this article carried no "do not watch" tag. No disclaimer about how despicable it is to watch the murder of someone by shooting them in the back. No disclaimer about watching a White police officer taking direct aim and shooting Walter Scott in the back and killing him as he ran away from the police. In other words, downplay Black murders by Whites and especially Black murders by police on camera and make it appear the Black victims were in effect responsible for their death.
While the press considers Whites murdered by Blacks an absolute dastardly abomination, to shoot a Black person in the back …or to kill a Black child with a toy…and by the police no less…and to show the video is warranted and does not deserve the same outrage? Not only was there NO outcry about the circumstances of these Black deaths or showing the video on the news, they were shown over and over and over again, and again without the "do not watch this tragedy" disclaimer. And of course, the press always manages to "throw-in" a violent or drug riddled past—real or imagined—as justification.
That is the role the press plays in this American Institution called Racism. A Black death no matter the circumstances IS NEVER comparable to a White death. Do Black Lives Matter? Not Yet.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
Some excerpts from "It was never about a hot dog and a Coke!" reprinted by permission of author. Some pictures from the 50th Anniversary commemoration of Ax Handle Saturday.
THE 55TH ANNIVERSARY OF AX HANDLE SATURDAY. Don’t bother to try and research this infamous day as the local TV press and local newspapers “blacked-out” all coverage, and the events leading up to Ax Handle Saturday. The only news coverage of any consequence you will find is in the Black press, especially the Florida Star and the Pittsburgh Courier. The major reason I wrote “It was never about a hot dog and a Coke!” was to counter the inaccuracies and the lies and the lack of real information. Many still do not know the story, and since the press blacked out all news about the sit-ins my book is the only documented account of what happened, with names, details, and sources.
White lunch counters were visible vestiges of segregation for us to demonstrate against the racist institution of segregation. Today it might seem passive, but 55 years ago, it was an unheard of confrontation to White comfort zones of segregation and many Whites responded violently in Jacksonville…as they did all over the South.
A few comments about Jacksonville, circa 1960. Jacksonville was the usual segregated city in 1960 with the usual racism, and the added natural boundary separation of the St. Johns River. The Duval County School system was separated into two divisions, the White division and the Negro division. Four Black high schools were strategically positioned in the city—Matthew W. Gilbert Junior Senior high school on the East side or “out East” as we used to say; New Stanton high school on the West side; Douglas Anderson Junior Senior high school on the South side; Northwestern Junior Senior high school (my Alma Mater) on the North side, and two Black Junior high schools, Isaiah Blocker Junior high school and James Weldon Johnson Junior high school, both of which “fed” into New Stanton high school. And of course this positioning helped forestall school integration. Looking back, you get the impression the Duval County School System wanted segregated Black schools to mark time educationally and not achieve even a reasonable modicum of educational success. Given the resources provided to Black schools and Black schoolteachers, it appeared the Duval County School System purposely went through the motions of educating Black students. Nothing else can explain such meager resources for a public education during those crippling years of segregation.
The Sit-ins began August 13, 1960. On that morning, we had more than 100 Youth Council members ready to go and demonstrate at Woolworth white lunch counter of 85 seats. In our Youth Council meeting that Saturday morning, we prayed and sang our freedom songs. Leaving Laura Street Presbyterian Church Youth Center on foot en route to Woolworth’s in groups of twos and threes alerted no one. We arrived at Woolworth a little after 11:00 a.m., well aware of what we were preparing to do. I called that morning the “beginning of a mission.” Understanding that “freedom is not free,” we had to step up to the plate; we had to stand up and be counted; we had to let everyone know what we were made of—all the clichés applied. We were not attending an after-school dance or a sock hop. Our mission was simple and serious.
Upon entering Woolworth, we planned to purchase an item to demonstrate that the store would accept our money. No problem there. However, if, Woolworth’s refused to serve us at the white lunch counter, we would use the earlier purchase to show the contradiction in Woolworth’s store policy—they would accept our money at one counter, while summarily refusing it at another. Each of us always made sure we had enough money in our pocket just in case they decided to serve us at the counter. We would later joke with each other about newspaper headlines that read, “Youth Council members arrested, not for sitting in, but for not having money to pay for the food they ordered.”
Each demonstration had sit-in captains, and only the captains would talk to the media. We did not want conflicting “official” comments. Alton Yates and I were captains of the first sit-in. After purchasing our items, and at an agreed upon signal, Youth Council NAACP members followed me, Alton, and Marjorie Meeks to the white lunch counter. Jacksonville’s sit-in era had begun. After sitting down, a white waitress announced loudly to all who could hear that “coloreds are not served at this lunch counter. This is the white lunch counter. The colored lunch counter is at the back of the store.” We did not move or say anything. White waitresses working behind the lunch counters began to huddle while giving us that “you don’t belong here” stare.
A little later, James Word, the manager of Woolworth, came and read a prepared statement that in effect said Woolworth reserves the right to refuse to serve anyone. He also gave us directions to the colored lunch counter. We still did not move. I told Mr. Word that we were here for service. He would later tell several of us that he was experiencing his first sit-in demonstration. I often wondered if he knew we were too. He gave the order to close the lunch counter. We continued to sit. Just in case Woolworth store officials decided to re-open the lunch counter, we had agreed to sit through the entire lunch period. A crowd of white onlookers began to assemble and show displeasure by shouting tasty morsels of racial epithets. They obviously blamed us for Woolworth’s decision to close the lunch counter.
Two weeks later on the morning of August 27, 1960, Mr. Pearson received several calls about very suspicious and unsettling activities in Hemming Park. He contacted Arnett Girardeau and Ulysses Beatty and asked them to ride with him downtown to Hemming Park. “As we approached Hemming Park,” Girardeau recalled, “we saw several white men wearing Confederate uniforms. Other whites walked around Hemming Park carrying ax handles with Confederate battle flags taped to them. A sign taped to a delivery-type van parked at the Duval and Hogan Streets corner of Hemming Park read, ‘Free Ax Handles.’ Small fence rails with shrubbery bordered that section of Hemming Park. [As we drove by,] we could see bundles of ax handles in the shrubbery. . . . No one attempted to conceal them. “We also saw three police[men] separately riding three-wheel police motorcycles. We watched as the police talked to the men dressed in Confederate uniforms. It appeared they were simply having a conversation. Certainly, [the police] were not questioning [the men]. As we circled Hemming Park, the police left.”
I arrived at the Youth Center the morning of August 27, 1960 unaware of the Hemming Park activities. I opened our meetings (as Youth Council NAACP President) with our usual prayer, not expecting this morning to be any different from other mornings. We sang our usual songs, including “We Shall Overcome.” Though our meetings became serious after we started the sit-in demonstrations, this meeting had a more serious bent. Mr. Pearson explained to us what he, Girardeau, and Beatty saw that morning at Hemming Park. He described the white men wearing Confederate uniforms, and the other white men with Confederate flags taped to ax handles. He told us about the free ax handles sign and warned, “There could be trouble today.” He tried to contact Sheriff Dale Carson to express his concerns, but didn’t reach him. Mr. Pearson said he would understand if any Youth Council members decided they did not want to demonstrate that day. We openly discussed our plan of action that day, and whether we would sit in. On the heels of the situation with Richard Parker (the White Student), we figured we would be facing the Ku Klux Klan in Hemming Park.
Several Youth Council members said we should cancel the day’s demonstration. We tried to stay strong and courageous and move forward. Yet a healthy fear of the unknown now played a big role in our conversation. My pastor, Reverend (now Bishop) Rudolph W. McKissick Jr. defines “healthy fear” as knowing the seriousness of your situation, which is an appropriate characterization of how we felt that day. Sometimes, when you face a situation like that the Youth Council faced that Saturday; you rein in the impetuosity of youth. Sometimes, the situation tests youthful mettle and resolve. Fear on one hand, and our interpretation of courage on the other, played a big part in whether or not we would demonstrate. I cannot really say what won the most points to demonstrate. Appropriately, we made our final decision after Mr. Pearson led us in prayer. We always joined hands and prayed at the beginning and the end of all Youth Council meetings. After the prayer that ended our meetings, we would say, “Together we go up, together we stay up”! Corny sounding perhaps, yet the times dictated we do everything in our power to reassure each other and reconfirm our faith in God.
After prayer, I took the first of only two votes by Youth Council members on whether or not to demonstrate. We voted unanimously to demonstrate. Someone defined courage as continuing forward even as fear tries to hold you back. Our determined courage overcame our healthy fear. However, instead of sitting in at Woolworth, in front of Hemming Park, we decided to sit in at W. T. Grant Department store, three blocks away from Hemming Park at the corner of Adams Street and Main Street. After the vote that Saturday, there were 34 demonstrators, including Arnett Girardeau. Though he was older than most Youth Council members, we decided to select Arnett as the sit-in captain because of our view that Arnett could better handle an awkward situation, if one occurred. No one quarreled with his selection.
The W. T. Grant Department store had a lunch counter, though it was not nearly as large as the one at Woolworth. Like Woolworth’s, Grant’s also had a “colored lunch counter.” When we walked into Grant’s, I remember seeing four police officers directing traffic at the corner of Main and Adams—or so it appeared to me.
After we sat at Grant’s white lunch counter, store officials summarily closed and turned out the lights—all usual and customary.
When we came out of Grant’s, and turned west on Adams, we could see in the distance a mob of whites running toward us. As the mob got closer, it became obvious they were swinging ax handles and baseball bats. In a surreal scene, they swung those ax handles and baseball bats at every Black they saw. It is amazing what the mind’s eye captures during tense split-seconds of confrontation. I remember seeing a television reporter or a camera operator from local television station Channel 12 on top of a car taking pictures—until someone knocked him off the car with an ax handle. Employees of stores along the block started locking store doors. If you were inside a store, you stayed inside; if you were outside a store, you could not get in. We had tried to prepare for most scenarios to be encountered during sit-in demonstrations, but nothing prepared us for an attack as vicious as this.
Although we would laugh later about trying to be cool while looking at those attacking us with ax handles and baseball bats, surviving the onslaught became our primary concern. Most people have held or felt a baseball bat, but not an ax handle. Ax handles usually are as heavy as a baseball bat and can inflict as much damage. They are made of solid wood sturdy enough to hold an ax, and you never forget its look in the hands of someone trying to maim you. BTW-There were no police to protect and serve.
The next day at an NAACP Youth Council Mass Meeting at St. Paul AME Church, I announced (as Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP President) a boycott of downtown stores and a boycott of the Florida Times Union Newspaper. We had previously asked Jacksonville Mayor Haydon Burns to appoint a Bi-Racial committee to discuss many of the issues facing the Black community at that time. He would not. But because we were boycotting downtown businesses, they wanted to meet with us to stop losing money. The NAACP, the Black Ministerial Alliance, the White Ministerial Alliance, and the downtown Chamber got together, and appointed a Bi-Racial Committee. It was rocky. Many Whites had never set down to talk with Blacks as equals about problems related to segregation and racism in 1960, yet they did not have a choice. Some Whites were insulted. As we later were told, Mr. Rutledge Pearson (my mentor and Youth Council NAACP adviser) and I were called communists and a lot of other choice descriptions by Jacksonville’s generous supply of racists. But the Business leaders on the committee had one problem…if they did not meet with us, there was no chance to work out any solution. After several months of acrimonious meetings, we reached a compromise plan to integrate the lunch counters in downtown Jacksonville. The plan was for Marjorie Meeks and I, who had just graduated from Northwestern Junior Senior high School and were now students at Edward Waters College, to eat at the White lunch counter in Woolworth Department Store (corner of Monroe and Hogan) for one week so that Whites would get accustomed to seeing Blacks eating there. WE did…and after that week…all of the lunch counters in downtown Jacksonville were integrated. Jacksonville Black History…Two students from Edward Waters College integrating the lunch counters in downtown Jacksonville. Small step, but God gave us that victory.
We were not large in numbers. But we did have right…and we did have God on our side. Most of the sit-in demonstrators in Jacksonville were high school students. In fact, the Civil Rights Movement was founded in the church and on a strong spiritual foundation. Tell our young people about the Great Legacy of who they are. WE fight against Racism and for Human Dignity and Respect.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
We have a nation that kills brown people at will, with no repercussions. After hundreds of years of that shit, we finally have a movement exposing that atrocity, and Shaun King is a key figure in that movement. So how does the right wing respond? By "investigating" Shaun, and claiming that he's not Black, that he's faking it! Because, you know, being Black is the key to becoming a Fortune 500 CEO and a life of richness and success…. Heck, maybe those conservatives believe their nonsense that "the Blacks" have it so easy because of affirmative action and other "special" advantages.
THIS HAPPENS WHEN WHITE RACISTS AND HOUSE NIGGERS—who are really no integrity slaves with a price—team up to sabotage a movement, or try to anyway. White racist conservatives always have a place for Blacks in the "house" because they know they can purchase their very Black souls for a few dollars.
Then you have FOX-Lite CNN with the ridiculously stupid Don Lemon drinking all of the Kool-aid with a few uninformed Black ignorant analysts—Really?—along as drinking partners. And WE drink along with them because we as Black folks love to think something is right because we see it on TV and on CNN. We also love to watch Reality shows too and the TV series which make slander and scandal and ludicrous BS the order of the day.
Recognize the BS in the Media and then ask yourself WHY is a national network like CNN trying to help a civil rights movement…ANY civil rights movement by exposing someone whose background they never verified and whose ancestral information they never researched. They never have and they never will. Yet THEY get US every time. We are just gullible that way, and THEY know it.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
I SPOKE TO A GROUP OF COLLEGE STUDENTS AND THEIR INSTRUCTORS THE OTHER DAY AND ONE OF THE BLACK STUDENTS—THERE IS ALWAYS ONE—DECIDED HE NEEDED TO TRY ME.
He said, “Mr. Hurst, Blacks from your era seem to be stuck in the past. You need to move into the 21st century. The things you all did in the past are no longer relevant today. You all did not do away with racism but we will. (I said to myself …Thank you Jesus. This is not a teachable moment …this is a wood shed moment.) Some of the following is paraphrased because I obviously I do not remember word for word everything I said but this as close as I can remember and there was more but you will get the picture.
So you think because we honor our past…our history…the Civil Rights Movement…our music…and acknowledge those Black giants on whose shoulders we stand and whose should you are standing, that as Black people we are stuck in the past? It is called respect. Respect for our Black Heritage…Respect for our Black Ancestors…Respect for our Black History… and Respect for who we are. You think that is “stuck in the past” for those of my era? You need to understand what respect is all about. And you think you have all the answers. Let’s talk about Blood…Sweat…Tears…Beatings…and Death. It is no Urban legend that many Blacks were beaten and endured horrendous pain and suffering and gave their lives so that you can enjoy things today of which you are so quick to complain. Blacks were beaten and killed as they sought to integrate schools. Blacks were beaten and killed during the Civil Rights Movement just because they were Black. It would not do me any good to rattle off the names of those Blacks in Struggle who marched and demonstrated and were beaten and who died because you probably would not know their names nor would you know what they did. That is the problem when you put your mouth in gear with nothing of substance to back it up.
Do you understand your history? Do You want to really understand your history? Do you think because you live in an integrated society and you can go where you want to go…see who you want to see…sleep with whom you want to sleep …eat where you want to eat…and live where you want to live that you have arrived? You woke up one day and things are as they are. How do you think YOU got here? Do you America and White America after kidnapping us from Africa decided they would do the right thing because it is the right thing to do and make Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness really apply to us? Struggle requires sacrifices which you are too young to understand. Do you understand we have been fighting racism since its creation during slavery? If you were not so quick to think you know everything you would study a heavy dose of your History which has apparently escaped you. Don’t tell me THEY did not teach it…because if you want to know WHO you are you would find the information yourself. You are in college. There are no excuses. Yes I am stuck in the past and many others of my era are also stuck in the past. Because we respect the Civil Rights Movement and names like Thurgood Marshall and Charles Hamilton Houston and William Trotter and Ida B. Wells and James Weldon Johnson and A. Philip Randolph and Denmark Vesey and Richard Allen and Absalom Jones and Daniel Hale Williams and Toussaint Louverture and Ella Baker and Fannie Lou Hamer and Ruby Hurley and Martin Luther King and Harry t. Moore and Harriette Moore and Vernor Dahmer and Medgar Evers. The list is endless. NEED I GIVE YOU MORE NAMES? Yes I am stuck in the past and I thank God that I have enough sense to understand and realize we have to work together and learn from the past to help us today and help YOU tomorrow. I revere and respect and honor those Blacks who gave their lives for me so I can work to make things better for you and for that I do not apologize. When you understand what racism is all about and understand how long the Struggle has existed and how long we have been fighting racism then you can explain to me how you intend to magically make it disappear. American is a racist country and will not do anything because it is the right thing to. You fight for equality and do not think it is a short and an insignificant fight.
So Until you understand the Struggle…and understand racism…and understand this is an ongoing war… keep your criticisms and your lack of understanding about who you are to yourself. Sometimes you cannot teach.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
I watched a portion of the series Blood and Glory: The Civil War on the History Channel. White Historians and White History teachers—high school and college—White Authors and White Genealogists and White Historical Societies and your Garden Variety Racists have this ongoing Incestuous Love Affair with the Civil War. First of all NO WAR is honorable and the Civil War was certainly far from "Glorious," It is really a damn shame that more than 150 years after this racist war, we still talk about the Civil War and teach about the Terrorist Confederacy Government and the Confederacy army as they were somehow honorable. They were treasonous traitors and scoundrels given a blanket amnesty by racist President Andrew Johnson who was a slavery supporter, and a Confederacy sympathizer.
These same Civil War lovers and apologists almost always exclude the fact that the real reason this dastardly racist war was fought was SLAVERY! Racism in America started with slavery. Racism is a product of Slavery. The American Institution of Racism is a product of Slavery. Racism in America is aided and abetted by these same historians etc who claim the Southern Heritage Lie because their White Privilege allow them to say it and get away with it. Racism is as American as Apple Pie.
Some of America's illegal racist violence has been replaced with legal racist violence which is used by militarized police departments, and justified in the courts and in the Racist "Injustice" System. This all started with Slavery. Overt racism is still around and it is just as ugly today as it was many many decades ago. America is a perpetually Racist Country and because it is, I reserve the right to criticize America perpetually.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
I HAVE A THEORY WHY SO MANY REPUBLICANTS ARE RUNNING FOR PRESIDENT—17 AT THE LAST COUNT—AND IT IS PRESIDENT OBAMA'S FAULT.
You see the White American Dream is One Day You Can Grow Up and Become President. But it was never a realistic dream for Black Americans. So when President Obama was not only elected the 44th President but also re-elected, he took two White American Dream opportunities from Whites to be President.
Can you imagine the conversation with some of John McCain's friends and family members and Mitt Romney's friends and family members? John (McCain) you can beat that Black fella from Illinois. It should be a cake walk for you. After all you are a decorated Military hero, a POW, and a long time senator from Arizona. You should be President. After all you White running against a Black. You will be a shoo-in. Well John was not a shoo-in and was beaten rather handily. In fact, had the cow manure knocked out of him. So then friends and others said to John, damn John You could not beat a Black for President? A FAILED AMERICAN DREAM OPPORTUNITY!!!
And then there was Mitt Romney…Wealthy…former Governor…and a former candidate for the Republicant nomination. After all Mitt, as his smoke-blowers-blowing-smoke-up-his-behind kept telling him, Obama winning the first time was a fluke. He certainly would not win re-election. Well he did. In fact, Romney was so sure he was going to beat that Black fella from Illinois that he did not write a concession speech. You looked stupid Mitt when you finally realized President Obama was beating your Ass. And that brings us to this current crop of Republicant Clowns. Their egos are telling all of them, you cannot die allowing a Black to be president in your lifetime. You just cannot do it. You Gotta Run. It is your White American Dream responsibility, and we have already lost 8 YEARS. So by President Obama snatching 8 years—2 terms—of the White American Dream, a lot of White Republicants were "beaten up" by their friends, family members, and their WHITE EGOS because they let a Black —and a Black Male at that—become President of the United States of America before them. So you see, it is President Obama's fault we have 17 Republicant Clowns running for President. They are all playing Catch-up. BTW Ben Carson does not count. Piyush Jindal does not either but he does not know it yet. He still thinks he is White.
The Struggle continues. RLHSR.
Apparently some Black professional ball players and in this instance Black NBA Players do not realize that is a Black face looking back them in the mirror. When a Black person is enjoying his or her 15 minutes of fame they cannot abide doing anything that is "Too Black." We have seen this in the political arena when Whites convince Blacks that being Too Black is not Statesman-like. Show you are diverse and fair-minded Black elected official are told. Can you say Jacksonville Florida? And we saw how that turned out. Yet Whites are always Politically White.
Black folks apparently enjoy going along to get along or as Michael Jordan, when asked why doesn't he get involved in more issues of the Democrat Party and especially those issues that affect Black people, infamously responded—"Republicans Buy Shoes Too." So Sheldon Edelson, a filthy rich Jewish person paid to jet some Black NBA players to Israel to break an international boycott against Israel for their treatment of the Palestinians+. This same Sheldon Edelson has bankrolled some of the most racist Republicants running for President. What does that make him? Do Black ball players think they are not called a Nigger when they are not around? Apparently their integrity and their souls are cheap and for hire. And somehow these pathetic Black NBA Players think they are not affected. How Patently Pathetic. Wait until your playing days are over Black Ball Player, and see who comes-a-calling and how your refuge will again only rest in the Black community. See if the rich White boys come to you so you can again forget you are Black.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
This is an outstanding article and a great read.
This is also a smackdown —my words—by Dr. Loewen on the whole issue about so-called Civil War/Southern heritage and the reason for fighting the war. He challenges the many historians and authors collectively and the senior editor of a major textbook publishing company individually who have spoon fed US a mouth full of historical baby food. He also takes the overall textbook industry to task. What is at stake unfortunately is educating generations+ of young students with inferior, inaccurate, and even racist information. Over and over Loewen documents—as he has done in his books—that THE REASON FOR FIGHTING THE CIVIL WAR WAS SLAVERY. It really begs the issue for a country to say the reason for fighting a war about slavery was not slavery so they do not have to apologize for slavery. Losers in all of this are students who should be taught a truthful and accurate American History. They have not been taught and are not being taught; which is another reason why WE have an obligation to know the REAL TRUTH AND KNOW BLACK HISTORY.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
Over the weekend, democratic presidential candidate Martin O'Malley was booed off stage at Netroots Nation after crowds of protestors demanded to know what he would do to help stem systemic racism if he were elected. O'Malley answered, in part: "Black lives matter. White lives matter. All lives matter."
Wrong answer, dude.
O'Malley fell into an all too familiar trap, telling a group of black activists who were demanding accountability on issues of racism that, actually, "all lives matter."
But why, exactly, is that phrase so problematic? On Reddit, user GeekAesthete broke it down with a perfect analogy:
Imagine that you're sitting down to dinner with your family, and while everyone else gets a serving of the meal, you don't get any. So you say, "I should get my fair share." And as a direct response to this, your dad corrects you, saying, "Everyone should get their fair share." Now, that's a wonderful sentiment — Indeed, everyone should, and that was kinda your point in the first place: that you should be a part of everyone, and you should get your fair share also. However, dad's smart-ass comment just dismissed you and didn't solve the problem that you still haven't gotten any!
The user continues:
The problem is that the statement "I should get my fair share" had an implicit "too" at the end: "I should get my fair share, too, just like everyone else." But your dad's response treated your statement as though you meant "only I should get my fair share," which clearly was not your intention. As a result, his statement that "everyone should get their fair share," while true, only served to ignore the problem you were trying to point out.
Then, the kicker:
Just like asking dad for your fair share, the phrase "black lives matter" also has an implicit "too" at the end: It's saying that black lives should also matter. But responding to this by saying "all lives matter" is willfully going back to ignoring the problem. It's a way of dismissing the statement by falsely suggesting that it means "only black lives matter," when that is obviously not the case. And so saying "all lives matter" as a direct response to "black lives matter" is essentially saying that we should just go back to ignoring the problem.
It's been hard for some to grasp the significance of saying that "black lives matter." Some, like O'Malley, later realize their errors and apologize. (He later said that he "did not mean to be insensitive in any way or communicate that I did not understand the tremendous passion, commitment and feeling and depth of feeling that all of us should be attaching to this issue.") But the confusion keeps coming up, again and again.
In the words of Alicia Garza, a #BlackLivesMatter co-founder, who made the distinction late last year in a post on the Feminist Wire: "When we deploy 'all lives matter' as to correct an intervention specifically created to address anti-blackness, we lose the ways in which the state apparatus has built a program of genocide and repression mostly on the backs of black people."
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
RACISM has finally surfaced to the level Blacks always knew was there and Whites acted was not there. That "underbelly of racism" has been there for some time. When you are Black and you live in constant racist insults and the sheer hatred based on skin color you know racism no matter how much it is denied by America and the woefully inadequate media. RACISM IS BRUTALLY REAL. Some Whites in this country like to ignore Racism and then pretend the Father of Racism, the American Holocaust called Slavery did not happen. Those Whites who do admit Slavery happened defend it by saying it was beneficial to the Africans they kidnapped from Africa to work for them for free therefore developing and allowing them to maintain a lifestyle they quickly enjoyed and became accustomed. Additionally these same White Pro Slavery Christians went to WAR to maintain that lifestyle which kept a race of people in chains just to to do their bidding and of course make them rich at the same time.
The American Institution of Racism came out of Slavery. Jim Crow Laws…de facto and de jure Segregation…The Nadir of Race relations…and the cowardly Ku Klux Klan and other cowardly "night rider" groups were all created to keep "the Niggers" in their place. Whites have enjoyed White Privilege and White Supremacy for so long and have directed how Blacks should think, that they do not now understand that if America is to survive THEY have to deal with the Racism THEY CREATED. If the conversation makes Whites and some Blacks uncomfortable—GOOD! We have ignored this 800 lb gorilla called Racism long enough. To the extent that America has sold a bill of goods to younger Black and Whites that America is somehow in a post-racial period. That is perpetuated by those who feel holding hands and singing Kumbayah …having superficial and meaningless conversation about race…lying about American history and teaching those LIES in the classroom…and sitting in integrated settings—remember Jacksonville's racial study groups?—will somehow change the landscape. It hasn't and it won't. Neither will Handkerchief Head Niggers who Whites always trot out to say how things are getting better. They aren't. A few "crumbs off the table" are no longer good enough. Racism will not go quietly…but it will GO!
Equality for all means just that…Equality for all. The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
These are the words of Eric Wattree. A great writer and a friend.
"I absolutely LOVE being Black – and I'm not just saying that because it's expected of me. While I have the ultimate respect for the unique character of every race and ethnicity, if I'm reincarnated a thousand times, I want to come back Black each and every one of them.
Being Black in America gives one an education and perspective on life that you can't get anywhere else. That's not widely recognized, because public attention is often focused on the most dysfunctional in the Black community. But contrary to popular belief, that might not be an altogether bad thing, because it allows the excellence within the Black community time to incubate, untainted by the public eye. That's what allowed Barack Obama to explode upon the world stage as a fully developed powerhouse, and there are hordes of others just like him who are currently incubating in Black cocoons in suburbs and inner cities all over America.Another thing that's not widely recognized is that the “soul” that Black people are known for extends far beyond music. What's commonly referred to as "soul" is actually creativity, and as any cognitive scientist will attest, creativity is a primary indicator of advanced intelligence.
While many White people don't realize it, every day of a Black person's life they're forced to deal with some sort of bigotry, either blatantly overt, or subtle and covert. It's generally the latter. That's why many White think that Black people are being overly sensitive when we complain of racism. But, by just going through life having to routinely outwit bigots on a daily basis constitutes a constant workout of our intellectual abilities. Many Black people don't even recognize this. As a result, many take the growing power of their intellectual potential for granted. They don't recognize their growing intellectual power. They simply think racists are dumb, so they often squander their intellectual potential.
Charles Darwin would call what's referred to as Black "soul" as a unique adaptation to adversity, and the most insightful within the Black community recognize it as being much like a sixth sense that reaches the very depths of human understanding. When fully developed, it provides Black people with a unique grasp, empathy, and insight into the human experience. That's why Black people are so effective in conveying human emotion through music and the arts – so effective, in fact, that "soul" has been confused with emotion itself.
So Black people don't just live life, we experience it. We experience life in the exact same way that we experience music. As a result, we actually feel our environment, with the exact same passion that we feel a lonely bass struttin' through the back alleys of a slow and funky blues. That accounts for our swagger, but our "soul" also accounts for making us far more than swagger alone – a point we must get across to the more frivolous within our community.
So yes, I'm Black, and I'm very, very proud. I'm proud of who I am, and I also take great pride in my history – and that even includes slavery – because adversity constitutes knowledge, and that knowledge is what made me, me."
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
Let me remind you of a few of your words:
"Williams, who will be vying for the Wimbledon title against Garbiñe Muguruza on Saturday, has large biceps and a mold-breaking muscular frame, which packs the power and athleticism that have dominated women’s tennis for years. Her rivals could try to emulate her physique, but most of them choose not to."
How interesting that a female brain and female athletic guile have nothing to do with winning on the athletic field of endeavor. To you it is all brawn. How did you say it? Oh yeah… “large biceps and a mold-breaking muscular frame.”
White males really do not understand their own racism as your writing in The Times clearly attest. Of course, I can also add White privilege and the ridiculous point in your article about White femininity and symbolic imagery. And as someone said, “If you think it's JUST about looks you're missing the racism of the article.” Since White Males —European and American—were responsible for Slavery, they certainly do not want to acknowledge the Black Female body unless they are talking about her as a SEX OBJECT and correspondingly spending time with her—or wanting to anyway—in bed.
Let's face it, this conversation ONLY occurs because Serena is THE dominant player in a sport dominated by White Males and White Females. The fact SHE IS A BLACK SUPERSTAR in an arena where Blacks are usually not welcome makes her as criticized as THE BLACK PRESIDENT. Total Domination …and …Tennis is not a major sport in the Black Community. Many Whites talk about equality but they really cannot stand to acknowledge the excellence of anyone BLACK on their ever eroding TURF. Of course, you cannot see this as your article clearly shows.
I do not take your comments as a starting point or a forum for additional conversations on race. It is obvious you did not either. You are not a person I would choose to talk to about race. No teachable moment with you. Unfortunately as a reporter, you simply do not understand, and ignorance is no excuse for racism or a lack of understanding about racism. Your comments to me simply confirm what most think about newspaper writers today and that is they have a lack of integrity. There are also those who feel newspapers no longer serve a usefulness and that their reporters write to appeal to the supporters of the unfurled “rag” some red meat-eaters call the Star and Bars.
And dare I say “Racism” in the newsroom and the sports room and because White reporters simply do not understand? Well…let me say it…Ben Rothenberg, you simply do not understand!
Go out and have another good day!
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.