Picture of first sit-in August 13, 1960 and closed lunch counter. “It was never about a hot dog and a Coke®!” More »
Members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP TODAY---with Marjorie Meeks Brown, Dr. Arnett E. Girardeau, Iona Godfrey King, Rometa Graham Porter, Isaac Carnes, Alton Yates. More »
With NAACP National Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins in 1960 when he spoke in Jacksonville at one of the NAACP Mass Meetings. More »
With Dr. Michael Eric Dyson-Speaker at the 2009 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. More »
With Dr. Charles Ogletree, the Harvard Law School Jesse Climenko Professor of Law, and Founding and Executive Director of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice...and the Speaker at the 2008 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. Dr. Ogletree taught both Michelle Obama and President Obama at Harvard Law School. More »
Ruby Hurley and Ella Baker, two of 12 Civil Rights Icons immortalized in the 2009 USPS Stamp Issue-Civil Rights Pioneers. More »
Mrs. Ruby Hurley, Southeastern Regional Director NAACP and our 1960 NAACP Youth Council Surrogate Mother. More »
50th Anniversary Commemoration of the 1960 Sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday with members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP. From left...Issac Carnes, Marjorie Meeks Brown, Mary Chisholm Underwood, Iona Godfrey King, and Ann Albertie Hurst (yep my wife). In the rear of the Pulpit area at Bethel Baptist Institutional Church...from left...Ms. Adora Nweze, President of the Florida State Conference of Branches NAACP; Rev. Dr. Randolph Bracy; Isaiah Rumlin, President of the Jacksonville Branch; and Bethel Senior Co-Pastor, Bishop Rudolph McKissick Sr. More »
Dr. Johnnetta Cole, Speaker at the 2013 ASALH National Convention Banquet in Jacksonville, Florida. More »
Dr. Robert Hayling, Me, and Charlie Cobb at the 2014 Florida Heritage Book Festival for our presentation on the Civil Rights/Freedom Summer Movement. More »
1. A. Philip Randolph
2. Althea Gibson
3. Percy Lavon Julian
Percy Julian — born in Montgomery, Alabama — escaped the dangerous Jim Crow culture of the South and went on to become a chemist. Lauded for his work with human hormone synthesis, Julian set the stage for steroidal drug production (including cortisone and birth control pills).
4. Myrlie Evers-Williams
Born Myrlie Louise Beasley, Williams was wife to NAACP staffer Medgar Evers, who was murdered by a white supremacist in 1963. She later became a chairperson of the NAACP and then helped to restore the organization to its previous glory. In 2013, she delivered the invocation for President Barack Obama’s second inauguration.
5. Matthew Alexander Henson
Matthew Henson was the first African American Arctic explorer. Henson was a navigator and craftsman and acted as tradesman with the Inuit people. He was part of a party of explorers who are recognized as the first to reach the geographic North Pole, and in 1937, he was invited to become a member of the Explorers Club.
6. Fannie Lou Hamer
Fannie Lou Hamer was a key organizer of the Freedom Summer campaign — an event that attempted to register as many blacks as possible to vote in Mississippi (a state that historically excluded blacks from casting ballots). She is remembered as a fervent speaker who relied on her own story to reach the masses.
7. Lewis Latimer
Lewis Latimer was an inventor who is credited for greatly improving the filament in Thomas Edison’s lightbulb, helping it to last much longer than Edison’s original design. Additionally, Latimer was very involved in the design for the original telephone, working with Alexander Graham Bell to help draft a patent.
8. Edward Bouchet
Edward Bouchet (son of a former slave) was born in Connecticut. His family members were big participants in their town’s abolitionist movement, and Edward followed suit by becoming the first African American to graduate from Yale College. He dedicated his post-graduate life to educating students in physics.
9. Shirley Chisholm
Born in Brooklyn, New York, Shirley Chisholm started out as an educator specializing in early childhood development. From there, she went on to become not only the first African American to be elected to Congress, but also the first woman to run for president of the United States.
10. Robert Smalls
Robert Smalls was an ex-slave and naval hero who went on to become a congressional representative for North Carolina. In 1862, he freed himself and his crew from slavery by commandeering a Confederate ship and sailing it to freedom. His tenacity is considered to have been a chief influence in the administration’s decision to accept African Americans into the U.S. Army.
Great Americans who happen to be Black. The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
DRESS IT UP ANY WAY YOU WANT…There is only ONE REASON for Intense Republicant Hate…Core Racism by Core White Republicant Racists. PERIOD!!!
The American Dream for many White American Males has always been …One day I can become President of the Untied States. Not only did President Obama shatter that dream but many of the dreamers were White Republicants already holding elective office. They felt they were a hop and a skip from the presidency and had all kinds of fantasies about being called President Whomever. For a Black male, whose people were less than 150 years out of slavery at his election, to ascend the lofty position of the President of the United States, Commander-in-Chief of the United States Military…AND…The Most Powerful Person in the World BEFORE THEM was really TOO MUCH for the White American Dreamers to stand. The unkindest cut of All. Bitter Pill. The Nightmare of All Nightmares.
These same Racist Dreamers have told Black folks over the years you are powerless and your votes do not mean a thing, and for decades tried every conceivable vile, evil, and racist means to keep Blacks from voting. Yet, these same descendants of slaves, fighting a system that did not want them involved, helped elect a president with the same skin color of a slave. Another killed White American Dream.
So Racists and Racist Republicants fight back at a President who has America's best interests at heart. They fight because they do not want history to record one of the greatest presidents ever was an intelligent, articulate Black man whose deeds and accomplishments did not compare to any other president in recent memory. They try every way and every day to sabotage this presidency. They have millionaires and billionaires spending and spending to defeat and slow down his programs. They buy the media and the Supreme Court and Congress and still President Obama rises to work for the people who enslaved his people. Which is why no matter what, the Struggle will always Continue until American makes good on the IOUs promised in the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. Nothing more and certainly nothing less.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
Three job requirements to work for FOX ...
1) Hatred of President Obama,
2) A Lack of News Integrity, and
3) Conscientious Stupidity.
The Struggle continues. RLHSR.
AMERICA…You kidnapped me from my country…you used me for your free labor economy…you separated my family…you raped my women for your salacious pleasures and to give you more workable slaves…you whipped me at the stake and inhumanely treated me to make a point…you killed untold millions of Africans on their way to slavery and during slavery…and then you freed me with nothing and expected me to make a life for myself. Then you promised me property —40 acres and a mule–and the opportunity to work and till the soil. Then your Racist, Sympathetic-to- Slavery-and-the-South President Andrew Johnson reneged on that PROMISE even before it was basically carried out. You reversed the process of Reconstruction and during this period of American History referred to as the Nadir of Race Relations you treat me worse than you did when I was a slave…and you think —AMERICA—YOU do not OWE me? You think reparations are not due? You think the crops I harvested and the cattle I tended and the roads and bridges I built and the Dams I built and the Southern Homes and Mansions I built and the Ivy League College Buildings I constructed ALL FOR FREE are not deserving compensation.
Even though you have never apologized for slavery and you never held the South and yourself accountable for my treatment at your Christian Hands, YOU owe me America.
I Simply Want My Reparations!!
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
According to the dictionary definition, a traitor is one who betrays a person, a principle, or especially their country. It is of no consequence why someone, or a group, chooses to work in opposition to their nation, or fellow citizens’ well-being, because if their intent and result of their actions is to deliberately damage or cause harm to their country or fellow citizens, they are by definition traitors. It is likely that throughout America’s short history, except for the traitorous Confederacy, no group of individuals has exhibited the characteristic betrayal of a traitor more than conservatives in general, and Republicans in particular. What makes their actions all the more despicable is that their traitorous actions are founded on racial animus for one man; and allegiance to foreigners and one tiny segment of the population.
These Republicans’ malicious, calculated, and concerted acts of betrayal of their country and its people started the evening of Barack Obama’s first inauguration and, despite his overwhelming re-election victory in 2012, they have persisted unabated and in fact continue to grow. Of course the latest blatant example of betrayal is Speaker of the House John Boehner violating a 216 year-old federal law by “joining with the leader of a foreign nation against his own president.” That was the assessment in a scathing article published in the conservative magazine Forbes that rightly asserted that Boehner “seeking to damage any American President by helping a foreign leader can never be considered something that is best for the nation.” That comment, in a nutshell, elucidates exactly why Republicans are traitors to America; they have no regard whatsoever for “what is best for the nation” or its people. Coupled with their blatant disregard for the Constitution they swore to uphold, their opposition to what is best for the nation has become the defining characteristic of the 21st Century conservative movement and it is why they are traitors.
The Republican drive to subvert this nation and its people’s well-being began when they met and secretly plotted to undermine economic recovery after they just spent 8 long years creating the Great Recession for the benefit of the rich; including starting two wars of religious aggression. At no time in history has a group of political leaders purposely conspired to destroy the nation’s economic well-being as Republicans did on Inauguration night in January 2009. They ramped up their war on the economy in 2011 when they nearly destroyed the full faith and credit of the United States that the Constitution states “shall not be questioned,” much less deliberately decimated. The constitutional betrayal garnered America’s first credit downgrade in history and a ploy they came precariously close to repeating in 2013 when they shut down the government by betraying their Constitutional mandate to legislate for the “people’s general welfare;” all over their opposition to Americans having access to affordable healthcare. It was a betrayal of their fellow citizens, and their oath to uphold the Constitution that tasks them to pass legislation, not shut down the government or threaten a credit default. Over the past six years, Republicans have shown that their allegiance to the Constitution is as non-existent as their allegiance to this country or their fellow citizens.
Republicans have compiled a despicable record of betraying Americans by conspiring and plotting to rob them of their wealth and transferring it, by way of tax cuts, to multi-national corporations with American-sounding names; all while assisting them to avoid taxes by protecting their ill-gotten gains in foreign banks. In fact, the Republican drive to enrich another foreign entity, TransCanada, at the expense of America’s environment, the people’s health, and economy is, as Forbes noted, “something that can never be considered in the best interest for the nation;” as if any American traitor ever considered what was in the best interest of the nation. Republicans also betrayed the Constitution by conspiring with foreigners (Canadians) to undermine the Executive Branch and upset the balance of power to benefit a foreign corporation, other foreign nations’ energy needs, and two un-American John Birch devotees.
Maybe more than anything, Republicans have betrayed America by attempting to destroy the principles in the Constitution they apparently despise as much as the nation and its people. There is no greater example than a massive concerted effort to obstruct and eliminate Americans’ right to vote in states Republicans control with valuable assistance from the conservative Supreme Court; a conservative cabal that has as little regard for, or allegiance to, the Constitution or America as Republicans in Congress and the states. In fact, in what is a telling commentary about Republican’s betrayal of the Constitution, a little over a week ago two Democrats in Congress felt the pressing need to propose a Constitutional amendment to “recognize voting as a fundamental American right.” Americans already “had” constitutionally-guaranteed fundamental voting rights, including two long-established amendments extending the right to vote to women and people of color and not just white Christian males. But those Constitutional rights are vanishing due to Republican traitors to the Constitution and America’s representative democracy.
A list detailing the myriad ways Republicans betray the Constitution is extensive beginning with supporting religious fanatics successful efforts to control women, to supporting treasonous armed anti-government militias confronting and threatening federal agents, to giving corporations supremacy over citizens, to legislating discriminatory policies denying other Americans’ their constitutionally-guaranteed equal rights. Two years ago, and many time since, Republicans called for armed rebellion against the United States government if Americans re-elected Barack Obama as their President; something that anyone would regard as traitorous including calling for for a second revolution, threatening “Second Amendment remedies” against the government, and all manner of Republican-led state legislation ininuating armed threats against federal officials enforcing federal laws.
Their traitorous acts to destroy the economy and conspire with foreigners to undermine the Separation of Powers and office of the President are also betrayals of the Constitution they swore to uphold. The Republicans’ six year crusade to destroy the nation’s economy is not only traitorous; it is unprecedented in American history and still ongoing. One wonders, really, if there is anything about America, its Constitution, or its people Republicans will not betray to advance the interests of the rich, foreign nations, and foreign corporations.
The Constitution is very concise and clear as to the job Republicans in Congress are expected to perform and it is primarily “to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States.” It is not to betray America by working with foreign leaders to undermine the Executive branch, not to assist foreign nations and corporations in their pursuit of profit, and not to dismantle the Constitution for theocrats and corporations. Republicans are turncoats with no interest whatsoever in what is “best for the nation” or its people. They have done nothing whatsoever over the past six years that was not an act of treachery against the American people, the Constitution, or the nation they show nothing but contempt for and it is because the people elected an African American man as their President and in doing so exposed Republicans as traitors and enemies of state.
(by RMuse writing for the politicususa.com web site. Monday, February, 9th, 2015.)
Excellent writing. And I didn't have to say Racist.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
This is the charred body of Jesse Washington and whites from Waco — not ISIS — burned him alive
They burned him alive in an iron cage, and as he screamed and writhed in the agony of hell they made a sport of his death.
After listening to one newscast after another rightly condemn the barbaric killing of that Jordanian air force pilot at the bloody hands of ISIS, I couldn’t sleep. My mind kept roaming the past trying to retrieve a vaguely remembered photograph that I had seen long ago in the archives of a college library in Texas.
Suddenly, around two in the morning, the image materialized in my head. I made my way down the hall to my computer and typed in: “Waco, Texas. Lynching.”
Sure enough, there it was: the charred corpse of a young black man, tied to a blistered tree in the heart of the Texas Bible Belt. Next to the burned body, young white men can be seen smiling and grinning, seemingly jubilant at their front-row seats in a carnival of death. One of them sent a picture postcard home: “This is the barbeque we had last night. My picture is to the left with a cross over it. Your son, Joe.”
The victim’s name was Jesse Washington. The year was 1916. America would soon go to war in Europe “to make the world safe for democracy.” My father was twelve, my mother eight. I was born 18 years later, at a time, I would come to learn, when local white folks still talked about Washington’s execution as if it were only yesterday. This was not medieval Europe. Not the Inquisition. Not a heretic burned at the stake by some ecclesiastical authority in the Old World. This was Texas, and the white people in that photograph were farmers, laborers, shopkeepers, some of them respectable congregants from local churches in and around the growing town of Waco.
Here is the photograph. Take a good look at Jesse Washington’s stiffened body tied to the tree. He had been sentenced to death for the murder of a white woman. No witnesses saw the crime; he allegedly confessed but the truth of the allegations would never be tested. The grand jury took just four minutes to return a guilty verdict, but there was no appeal, no review, no prison time. Instead, a courtroom mob dragged him outside, pinned him to the ground, and cut off his testicles. A bonfire was quickly built and lit. For two hours, Jesse Washington — alive — was raised and lowered over the flames. Again and again and again. City officials and police stood by, approvingly. According to some estimates, the crowd grew to as many as 15,000. There were taunts, cheers and laughter. Reporters described hearing “shouts of delight.”
When the flames died away, Washington’s body was torn apart and the pieces were sold as souvenirs. The party was over.
Many years later, as a young man, I visited Waco’s Baylor University, often referred to as the Texas Baptist Vatican. I had been offered a teaching position there. I sat for a while in the school’s Armstrong Browning Library, one of the most beautiful in America, containing not only the works of Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, the acclaimed Victorian poets, but also stained glass windows, marble columns, and elegant ceilings that bring to mind the gorgeous interior of Michelangelo’s Laurentian library in Florence.
Sitting there, I found it hard to reconcile the beauty and quiet of that sanctuary with the photograph that I had been shown earlier by a man named Harry Provence, publisher of the local newspaper. Seeing it, I realized that as young Jesse Washington was being tortured, students his own age, some of them studying for the ministry, were just finishing their spring semester. In 1905, when another black man had been lynched in Waco, Baylor’s president became a leader of the anti-lynching movement. But ugly memories still divided the town.
Jesse Washington was just one black man to die horribly at the hands of white death squads. Between 1882 and 1968 — 1968! — there were 4,743 recorded lynchings in the US. About a quarter of them were white people, many of whom had been killed for sympathizing with black folks. My father, who was born in 1904 near Paris, Texas, kept in a drawer that newspaper photograph from back when he was a boy of thousands of people gathered as if at a picnic to feast on the torture and hanging of a black man in the center of town. On a journey tracing our roots many years later, my father choked and grew silent as we stood near the spot where it had happened.
Yes, it was hard to get back to sleep the night we heard the news of the Jordanian pilot’s horrendous end. ISIS be damned! I thought. But with the next breath I could only think that our own barbarians did not have to wait at any gate. They were insiders. Home grown. Godly. Our neighbors, friends, and kin. People like us.
My Comments…Show your indignant feelings at the inhumane violence which happens on Foreign Shores all you want America, just remember and understand YOU PIONEERED a lot of that violence on these American Shores. Except then, it was Racist Inhumane Violence.
The Struggle continues. RLHSR.
AND WHITE ANGLO SAXON PROTESTANTS ARE OUTRAGED ..outraged I tell you that this President would dare invoke slavery when talking about This Christian United States of America.
This same country whose founding documents say "We, The People…" and "Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness" but should have said "Only For White Americans".
This same country whose founding fathers owned slaves while talking about freedom, in the name of Christianity.
This same country that kidnapped a race of people from their Homeland and enslaved them for their materialistic, financial, and dare I say sexual pleasures, in the name of Christianity.
This same country that for almost 300 years kept those human beings in chains and bondage, in the name of Christianity.
This same country that NEVER apologized for Slavery and NEVER passed an Anti-Lynching Bill in Congress, in the name of Christianity.
This same country where a bunch of cowards called the Ku Klux Klan use the Christian Cross to justify unabated wanton racist violent attacks against Blacks, in the name of Christianity.
This same country which has its most segregated hour on Sundays between the hours of 11:00 am and 12:00 am, in the name of Christianity.
This same country that continues to exploit Blacks under the home developed American Institution of Racism, in the name of Christianity.
This same country that does not see character first, but skin color and only skin color first, in the name of Christianity.
Yes this same racist country which should be renamed These As Yet United States of America, in the name of Christianity.
That is the Christian America President Obama is talking about.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
I had a “lend me your ear” call over the weekend from a Black friend who does not live in Jacksonville. He is in network news or he was until last week. He resigned from sheer frustration. All of his frustration apparently boiled to the surface during the many “Black Lives Matter” and other protests throughout the country. He basically said to me Black people cannot “get their perspective included” when the network news staff has its meetings, and when network news segments are presented on the air. He is not a passive person and does speak up for a Black point of view. He went on to say the editorial staff which consists of the news program producer, director, researchers, and him (also a producer) are mostly White and have NO perspective on Blacks in the news. And he added that is what he brings to the table along with his journalistic skills. He added it is the “suits” that run network news and a Black point of view is not something of which they are interested. I asked him jokingly was he eavesdropping on some of my conversation with friends on Facebook. He is not on Facebook.
He covered the Michael Brown protests and other demonstrations but when he attempted to explain the perspective of the protestors, he was told he does not understand the “big picture” and he “cannot be too Black in the news.” When a person is frustrated you can hear it in their voice and when that person is a friend you try and help him with the frustration as best you can. It frustrates you too when there is nothing you can do but listen, although sometimes listening, as corny as it sounds, can help. He is a journalism graduate from a prestigious school and has a few hours left on his Masters Degree.
He also bemoaned the fact some of the other Blacks in the news operation “simply go along to get along. They are either too afraid they might lose their job if they say anything, they do not understand their Blackness, or they agree “I might be too Black.” He also said it is not just isolated to his network. He did have praise for the operations of some network news personality programs like Al Sharpton or Melissa Harris-Perry or Rachel Maddow. He is not on MSNBC. He is now doing the usual. He is sending his resume’ (resume working) to various news programs and he is definitely trying to get on MSNBC and Al Jazeera, who he says has one of the best and fairest news operations in the industry.
Obviously he was frustrated, yet there is much truth in what he said especially when you watch the news coverage…or lack thereof…of news stories about Blacks and the racist comments about the President which should concern all Americans. He did not say it but I will. There is inbred Racism is network news designed to appeal to White viewers. We all know it, but very few will say it.
I am posting this FYI. Think about this when you watch network news and it’s professionally challenged ugly red-haired stepchild, local news, and then consider the sources.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
Mayor Bill De Blasio made himself the enemy because he spoke about racial profiling. Mayor De Blasio made an enemy of the NYPD, because he publicly spoke about the police profiling black males. The black community has spoken about this issue for decades.
The narrative of local police forces harassing, arresting and murdering black citizens unjustly has been reported through thousands of anecdotes, countless personal experiences and various musical genres for decades. The idea that this is finally recognized publicly by news channels in 2015, is absolutely pathetic for a country that prides iself on freedom and equality.
This issue was finally presented to all of white America by a white man: Bill De Blasio, Mayor of New York City. Mayor De Blasio put a white human face to an issue that many whites have either ignored or truly did not know about. Mayor De Blasio’s white face FINALLY made this an issue that some members of white America would finally recognized. Black America has told white America for centuries that racism is in fact real and not a figment of a collective imagination, or an excuse for laziness or general failure. It is often easy and usually TOO easy for white America to dismiss black America for pointing out racism. Recently some members of white America have been calling white democrats and black America “The Real racists”. White on black racism is real and ALL white people know this. Many white people on the right(usually the GOP and Tea Party members), always attempt to deflect from their actual racism and the racism that lingers within the white race.
When Mayor De Blasio spoke of his concerns of the police harming his biracial son, it made him a Race Traitor.
Mayor De Blasio became the enemy of the right(usually white people and fools like Ben Carson), because as a prominent white man, he gave legitimacy to racism. Racism is supposed to be the excuse of lazy niggers who don’t want to work. Racism is supposed to be an excuse when a black person just isn’t good enough.
Mayor De Blasio angered many card carrying members of white America when he legitimized racism with the words that came out of his white face. HE’S NOT SUPPOSED TO DO THAT!! As a good white man, he’s supposed to dismiss racism by saying nothing or laughing nervously like a moron. HE DIDN’T do that, he spoke the truth. The truth he learned from his life and his experiences. As a white person, his words on racism are given validity. He is given the benefit of the doubt of because of his skin. When he exposed the fact white people CAN in fact be racist, many on the NYPD knew that his words would be taken seriously. Instantly all of the black people that have claimed maltreatment at the hands of the NYPD were given validity. That’s why they turned their backs on him. (BLACKMANUSA.WORDPRESS.COM)
Enough Said. The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.
While we are enjoying Christmas with our families and appreciating another God-Given Breath of Life, remember one of the real unsung Heroes of the Civil Rights Movement. On Christmas Day 1951, Harry T. Moore and his wife Harriette retired to bed in their white frame house tucked inside a small orange grove in Mims, Florida. Ten minutes later, a bomb shattered their house, their lives and any notions that the south's post-war transition to racial equality would be a smooth one. Harry Moore died on the way to the hospital; his wife died nine days later. Despite an extensive FBI investigation, and two later investigations, the murders have never been solved.
Because Moore was killed in 1951, his name and his wife's name are not mentioned as deaths in the Modern Civil Rights Movement which some arguably say began with the death of Emmett Till in 1955. I say Harriette and Harry T. Moore's life's work, and his death were very much a part of the Modern Civil Rights Movement. Harry was the first NAACP official killed in the civil rights struggle, and he and Harriette are the only husband and wife to give their lives to the movement. He literally put his life on the line every day as his Bio attests. He is one of my Real Civil Rights Champions.
It was my honor to be the Keynote Speaker last year (2013) when Harry T. Moore and His Wife Harriette were inducted in the Florida Civil Rights Hall of Fame.
Freedom Never Dies: The Legacy of Harry T. Moore documentary explores the life and times of this courageous leader, a distinguished school teacher whose passionate crusade for equal rights could not be discouraged by either the white power structure or the more cautious factions of his own movement. It restores Moore to his rightful place in the Civil Rights Movement.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.