Picture of first sit-in August 13, 1960 and closed lunch counter. “It was never about a hot dog and a Coke®!” More »

Civil Rights Marker in downtown Jacksonville-Hemming Park/Plaza. More »

With Stetson Kennedy and Wayne Greenhaw. More »

Members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP TODAY---with Marjorie Meeks Brown, Dr. Arnett E. Girardeau, Iona Godfrey King, Rometa Graham Porter, Isaac Carnes, Alton Yates. More »

With NAACP National Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins in 1960 when he spoke in Jacksonville at one of the NAACP Mass Meetings. More »

Receiving Bronze Medal as a Florida Book Awards Winner--with Wayne Wiegand. More »

With Dr. Michael Eric Dyson-Speaker at the 2009 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. More »

Speaker-City of Jacksonville Dr. Martin Luther King Breakfast More »

With Dr. Charles Ogletree, the Harvard Law School Jesse Climenko Professor of Law, and Founding and Executive Director of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice...and the Speaker at the 2008 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. Dr. Ogletree taught both Michelle Obama and President Obama at Harvard Law School. More »

Ruby Hurley and Ella Baker, two of 12 Civil Rights Icons immortalized in the 2009 USPS Stamp Issue-Civil Rights Pioneers. More »

Mrs. Ruby Hurley, Southeastern Regional Director NAACP and our 1960 NAACP Youth Council Surrogate Mother. More »

With Civil Rights Icon and Congressman John Lewis More »

50th Anniversary Commemoration of the 1960 Sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday with members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP. From left...Issac Carnes, Marjorie Meeks Brown, Mary Chisholm Underwood, Iona Godfrey King, and Ann Albertie Hurst (yep my wife). In the rear of the Pulpit area at Bethel Baptist Institutional Church...from left...Ms. Adora Nweze, President of the Florida State Conference of Branches NAACP; Rev. Dr. Randolph Bracy; Isaiah Rumlin, President of the Jacksonville Branch; and Bethel Senior Co-Pastor, Bishop Rudolph McKissick Sr. More »

Jacksonville Branch NAACP 2012 Freedom Fund Dinner More »

With Dr. Jelani Cobb at the 98th ASALH Annual Convention in Jacksonville October 2-6, 2013. More »

Dr. Johnnetta Cole, Speaker at the 2013 ASALH National Convention Banquet in Jacksonville, Florida. More »

Dr. Robert Hayling, Me, and Charlie Cobb at the 2014 Florida Heritage Book Festival for our presentation on the Civil Rights/Freedom Summer Movement. More »


Presidential? Not Even Close.

If you are not a Racist…a White Nationalist…a Sexist…a Misogynist…A Xenophobe…what is the appeal and your attraction to Donald Trump?


trump racist


American slavery is the greatest tragedy and most immoral failing in the history of this Christian country. Slavery or American Apartheid created Racism. Most dictionaries define “racism” as racial hatred based on the color of one’s skin. Racism is not simply personal prejudice and bigotry. Racism is a destructive organism of oppression, plus the institutional and systemic power to dominate, one that creates a society of first and second-class citizens by denying rights and access to resources to Blacks. Racism is a vicious paradigm of power used by White Americans against Black Americans because they can. Racism is America’s insidious cultural disease. American Apartheid. And Remember, Racism Is Taught! As Dick Gregory said, “White is not a color; it’s an attitude.”

A Chinese proverb says: “The beginning of wisdom is to call things by their proper name.” Black folks and White folks LOVE to use the term “progress” when addressing Racism. Progress implies that congratulations are in order for a “race-relations” job well done…that we live in a “post-racial” society as some like to say…we have a diversity division/department/section …or “look how far we have come?” Seriously? And what do they mean? Absolutely Nothing. White America has learned and has taught their corporate Blacks how to go through the motions of so-called political correctness while saying things and having words on paper which do not mean a tinker’s damn.

Then along comes Donald Trump. The predominant narrative and one that you hear from infotainment front men and women in the media is that support for Donald Trump’s claimed core base—White working-class voters—is economic anxiety, not prejudice…that Trump the billionaire is “an image of their aspiration” …that He is an “outsider who is needed to go to Washington DC to shake things up.” Yet you notice the reluctance to say that Donald Trump’s racism and his core racist attitude has fueled his White support. Racism is treated like a four-letter word and no one, especially White folks, want to use it. In addition to his message of obvious Racism, Donald Trump’s message is also rooted in xenophobia, sexism, misogyny and other party components of White nationalism which is an ideology that advocates a racial definition of national identity attached to the concept of a White nation. How is that not a problem? During an interview on MSNBC, one of the many Trump Zombies declared that we should commend Donald Trump for reaching out to Black audiences, moments after Trump, speaking before a White audience, told Black people they were being duped by Democrats for decades. Trump’s lecturing that he knows what is best for Blacks isbroken record that gets stuck and plays over and over and over again. Donald Trump wants to take America back to the days of how things USED TO BE.

Make no mistake about it, Donald Trump’s tirade and rant of Make America Great Again revolves around premises of Racism. Nothing less. Yet only a few in the media are really willing to say…DONALD TRUMP IS A RACIST. It was entertaining to watch a video of a Hispanic female on CNN …say to one of Donald Trump’s supporters that Donald Trump is a racist in English and Spanish. It only takes an elementary look at Donald Trump’s business practices and attitudes…many inherited from his father Fred Trump…to see an ongoing pattern of racism in his thought…word…and deed…and the obvious code words he drops every time he opens his racist mouth.

There is no sugar coating Racism and its causes and effects. Make America Great Again in the mind of Donald Trump and his supporters mean a return to those American yesterdays of Racism…more blatant and more overt than it is now. It makes it more than obvious that those Black lackeys who kneel at the Trump throne have a bought and paid for integrity.Hopefully the Black preachers who have turned over their souls and their churches to Donald Trump have a good explanation when they meet their maker.
For the record, I have removed Progress and Post-Racial and Diversity from my vocabulary. Those meaningless words have no place when talking about Racism and fighting Racism in the ongoing Struggle for Human Dignity and Respect.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

Once a Racist…Always a Racist.


Donald Trump has proven that not only are Racists Low Information Voters, but they will believe anything as long as it comes from the lips of another racist. Ask Racist Yahoos What Does “Make America Great Again” and they will mumble something about making the world “respect” America again as if we are the International Police. Racists have this cowboy mentality and they think all Americans—White Americans that is—are like John Wayne. In
fact many believe in John Wayne. He is one of their Racist heroes. Don't tell them that John Wayne died in 1979.
When you ask them what are Donald Trump’s policies, they sound like a broken record…and they repeat Make America Great Again. In other words, Trump supporters really do not know what Make America Great Again really means so they are left to their meager and inconsequential brain-less devices and for them Make America Great Again means Blacks who know how to stay in their place and that is being rarely seen and never heard…Women who know their places…No Hispanics of any kind in this country, and especially Mexicans…No Arabs…No one with a sexual identity they do not consider normal…just a return to those days of yesteryear where Whites were in control…and White males at that.
White Racists have proven that ANY racist running for president can dribble the usual bull crap and they will fall for it hook, line and sinker. Goldwater…Wallace…Nixon…and Reagan immediately come to mind… No surprise there, but what makes the average White racist think that a “platitude racist” with money like Donald Trump gives a tinker’s damn about them? It is just a game rich White Boys play. Trump knows how to play the game but he does not know how to get off this presidential merry-go-round he finds himself on. He is shallow…not very bright…cannot prepare himself for anything..believes the venom which falls out of his mouth… is only looking to make another fast buck…has no integrity…has no scruples…is a Racist…a Sexist…a Misogynist…a Xenophobe…a Serial Liar…and a Sexual Deviant…Yet he has taken millions of White Americans on a ride to nowhere with him because he has the racist vocabulary and for his supporters that is good enough for them. You cannot make excuses for the millions of White Americans who hang on Donald Trump’s every word…and who prepare to vote for a Racist for President. Yep…They ARE Donald Trump Whining Zombies. They will not admit it, but they are just as racist and as much a whiner as he is. Of course, it really does not make a difference if they admit they are Racist or not…THEY HAVE ALREADY SHOWN THEY ARE!
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

Simple Truth.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

The Residuals of America’s Racism.

SINCE THE ELECTION OF BARACK HUSSEIN OBAMA AS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, WHITE AMERICA AND ESPECIALLY WHITE REPUBLICANTS HAVE BEEN HELL BENT AND DETERMINED they would do all in their power to trivialize an Obama Administration and make it as ineffective as can be, even if it meant sending this country down the tubes because of their political and racist egos.
Their game plan was intentionally racist and they did not care who their racist political intransigence hurt in the process. In this lurch, they insulted and denigrated—or tried to anyway—and did everything they could to make life miserable for the president and miserable for their constituencies too. Republicants simply did not care … just thwart “the Nigger president” at every turn.
Donald Trump is the result of 8 years of overt racist threats and overt racist rants and overt racist insults. In fact, President Obama has been the most insulted President in the history of the office, and Republicant racists et.al. responsible for the verbal abuse, the swearing, the name-calling, and the vituperative language really did not give a damn, and do not give a damn. The Racist Donald Trump has continued the racist jargon and the racist code words and the disrespect directed toward President Obama. His supporters are as racist as they come. Their ideology, as racist Trump minions, is the thinking that permeated this country during Slavery.
Now, with the exposure of Donald Trump's MANY Racist and Sexist and Mercilessly Inhumane transgressions, the hue and cry is “America Is Better Than This.” Let me beg to disagree. Donald Trump is America and America is Donald Trump at its racist and sexist nastiest. America is certainly no better than the venomous words that dribble from Donald Trump’s racist mouth and cascades down his racist chin. Like it or not, Donald Trump in a suit is White America’s representative White Knight on a White Horse in a White Robe and is TOTALLY REPRESENTATIVE of White American Racism. Just another member of the Klan.
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

It is STILL The Struggle.

During a White House ceremony honoring the 2016 US Olympic Team, President Obama saluted 1968 Olympians Tommie Smith and John Carlos — who famously raised their fists in protest of racial injustice and racism on the medal podium during the National Anthem. “Their powerful silent protest in the 1968 Games was controversial, but it woke folks up,” Obama said. “And created greater opportunity for those who followed.”
When you fight the vulgarities of Racism you fight on whatever platform you have and whenever the battle presents itself. You are fighting for Human Dignity and Respect and maintaining your Integrity as a Black American. You don't stop to evaluate the fallout. And if there is fallout, So Be It. John Carlos and Tommie Smith and Colin Kaepernick used THEIR platform to fight Racism. They were not the first and certainly will not be the last.
The Civil Rights Movement has fought America's vile White Racism through the decades and centuries. We call that fight The Struggle. Racism was evilly and destructively and maliciously designed and created to eviscerate the Human Dignity and the Respect of Black America….to attack the very Souls of those with a Black hue of skin. That is the intention of the American Institution of Racism. I never expect White folks to work to eradicate THEIR Racism because, in addition to not admitting racism exists, many Whites enjoy the residuals of Racism and White Privilege and White Supremacy. They will not admit it but the major reason White America supports Donald Trump is because HE is the card-carrying image and poster boy of White American Racism and he speaks THEIR Racist language.
Correspondingly Black folks should at least understand the intended debris from Racism, Racist language, and Core Racist Attitudes continues to fall on them. In the final analysis, you must understand Black is a State of Mind…and if you are Black and really understand you are Black …. then you will surely understand Racism is a disease intended to infect and affect you…and ONLY YOU. The question is…What are you doing to fight Racism?
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

White America Just Does Not Understand.


Yet today, White America gladly will quote him when White Racism results in the kind of violence we see in Charlotte usually saying "Dr. King said I judge people by the content of their character rather than the color of their skin" …as if Dr. King walked around holding hands and singing Kum-Bay-Yah. To paraphrase a colorful quote…White America did not know Dr. King very well. The words of the real Dr. Martin Luther King were far more radical than today's cherry-picked lines.

Dr. King’s complete quote…”It is not enough for me to stand before you tonight and condemn riots. It would be morally irresponsible for me to do that without, at the same time, condemning the contingent, intolerable conditions that exist in our society. These conditions are the things that cause individuals to feel that they have no other alternative than to engage in violent rebellions to get attention. And I must say tonight that a riot is the language of the unheard.” And this was before we had the film/video documentation of Black Death By White Police.

I am non-violent. But that does not mean I do not understand the roots of violence. White America with its rudimentary understanding of Dr. King, cynically trots his quotes out every time racial unrest erupts in our cities to use him to conveniently prop up the status quo. He is the Dr. King of ignorant and racist White commentators and equally ignorant Black commentators who will not talk about root causes of violence, the racism, and the senseless killings of Blacks by Police which are at the very least, responsible for the revolution. Dr. King also said that Whites are not putting in a similar mass effort to re-educate themselves out of their racial ignorance. It is an aspect of their sense of superiority that the White people of America believe they have so little to learn. White Privilege and White Supremacy.

Of course, the game plan in EVERY city where violence erupts follows like this: White America will “run” to Black "preachers" and various Black pulpit pimps who are so connected to White folks that every time they move their Black lackeys moves too. (Real Black Preachers know Better.) They will trot these persons out…usually in a church…along with a few Black elected officials…and they will say in so many words “Stop The Violence.” Yet these same Black pimps…and Black elected officials…and White Racist elected officials NEVER SAY to police, STOP KILLING BLACKS. Yet the police kill Blacks with impunity and when the Black community revolts you want peace without substance. Memo to Police: Killing Black folks is not your job.

White America still does understand Black Lives Matter TOO! Charlotte is not an exception. And whether you agree with violence or not, what instigated the protests in Ferguson and St. Louis and Tulsa and Baltimore and Charlotte was Death By Police. No one wants to talk about That!

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

Ahhh…White America.

*Police killed at least 102 unarmed black people in 2015, nearly twice each week.
*Nearly 1 in 3 black people killed by police in 2015 were identified as unarmed, though the actual number is likely higher due to underreporting.
*37% of unarmed people killed by police were black in 2015 despite black people being only 13% of the U.S. population.
*Unarmed black people were killed at 5x the rate of unarmed whites in 2015.

In this country symbolically represented by the United States Flag and the Star Spangled Banner, you, White America, get bent out of shape when we realistically look at those symbols as symbols of Racism and America’s Core Racist Attitudes. You expect Black America to revere those symbols and hold them in unfettered allegiance and loyalty. Yet like the Confederate Flag, the American Flag, and the Star Spangled Banner are beginning to mirror each other. One celebrated racism and slavery and the other celebrates racism and oppression. Not much difference in our eyes. That is why you are angry at Colin Kaepernick.

You were pissed off as hell and wanted to move Heaven and Earth when Colin, as a professional football player, demonstrated against what he could plainly see happening to Blacks every day. He saw the epidemic killing of unarmed Blacks by police…he saw the jailing of an unarmed Black female because of her “attitude” by police and then her ultimate death…he saw the chokehold killing of an unarmed Black male by police…he saw an unarmed Black teenager running from police and for that he was shot 16 times by police…he saw the killing of an unarmed Black 12-year-old playing with a toy in a park by police…he saw the police become Occupation Troops in the Black Community …and in just the last few days, he saw as we have seen police kill Keith L. Scott, an unarmed disabled Black man in Charlotte, NC, and police kill Terence Crutcher, an unarmed Black man with his arms in the air in Tulsa, OK.

I know you are only interested in Black folks when we entertain you on stage and on a sports field. When I look at some of the sports teams from TWI–Traditional White Institutions—it makes me think the student body was mostly Black. We know that is not the case. We are only there for YOU because WE suit your athletic purposes. I cannot explain to you my mixed feelings and even anger as I watch sports teams from the South, especially Mississippi and Alabama with a substantial number of Blacks when just a few short years ago, the National guard and the military were called out in Oxford, Mississippi when a Black man James Meredith applied for admission at the University of Mississippi…and Governor George Wallace stood in the door of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, Alabama to keep Vivian Malone and James Hood from being admitted. It took the Kennedy Administration through the Deputy United States Attorney General, Nicholas Katzenbach (while the 2nd Infantry of the United States Army at Fort Benning, Georgia stood-by) to get him to move out of the way and allow their admission. You hated us then…and YOU want us to believe you “Love” us now? Really?

Black folks cannot all play sports. We cannot all sing, and believe it or not, we cannot all dance, so all of us cannot entertain you; BUT WE can see your racism. We can see you say nothing when unarmed Blacks are killed by police. We can see your support for a racist running for President as he spouts his usual vile and insulting venom. We can see you say and do nothing about deadly racist violence, yet we can see you Raise Hell when that OBVIOUS RACIST VIOLENCE is called out. WE can see your over the top self-serving support of White Supremacy and White Privilege. And you think WE are not patriots because we can clearly recognize oppression and cruelty and tyranny when we see it. By The Way and for the Record, WE are not afraid of your Ku Klux Klan.

Although you are trying as hard as hell to keep us from voting, WE WILL vote and we will certainly NOT vote for your glorified Racist leader Donald Trump. Understand that many of us look upon the "Star Spangled Banner" TODAY and the American Flag TODAY, like we look upon "Dixie" and the Confederate Flag YESTERDAY and TODAY, as symbols of Racism and White Supremacy and White Privilege and White Oppression. Don’t even try the Southern Heritage thing…that has never worked. The Struggle has not ended…The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

The American Institution of Racism

WHITE AMERICANS WILL NOT ADMIT TO THEIR RACISM…NEVER HAVE…NEVER WILL. Yet they created the American Institution of Racism during that infamous period of American history when they kept 4 million people in chains for their nefarious pleasure and financial gain and reward. In fact, when Jacksonville Native Son James Weldon Johnson penned "Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing" and the lyrics “Stony the Road We Trod, Bitter the Chastening Rod” he was talking about the bitter times for Black America in 1900; and he prophetically imagined Black America would continue to experience bitter times some 116 years later.

DELEGITIMIZE EVERYTHING BLACK AMERICA HAS ACCOMPLISHED. White America has this continuous need to reinforce their “Whiteness” by proclaiming that in order for a Black person–any Black person–to have succeeded or succeed, they must have done so through some nefarious means. Whites never think Blacks have the intelligence, the knowledge, the work habits, and the work ethic to succeed. Whenever great Black athletes and Black academics/scholars and Black artists and Black writers make their impact in America and the world, it was simply because it “came easy” to them. They had the physical genetics to play sports or music came easy to them or they were able to research eminent subjects because of entitlements or their writings and their art were hard to understand or were simply folly. Their mantra…Blacks simply do not have the gray matter to make a difference. Without admitting it, White America’s White Privilege and White Supremacy means their intelligence and their knowledge and work habits are never on display. Then there is White America’s well-worn comment that you hear over and over and over again… “Why don’t Blacks pull themselves up by their boot-straps like “others” that came to this country?” Not even admitting or wanting to admit that the many who came to this country came on a ship and through Ellis Island and not in chains like Africans on the bottom of a filthy and dehumanizing slave ship.

Where President Obama was born or if he is a Muslim are instances of contempt and disrespect used by White America to try and delegitimize The President and his administration. Make America Great Again are just code words for The Nigger President did not do ANYTHING and Niggers did not do anything either. The game plan is to co-opt America's thinking about President Obama’s legacy…the legacy about THE Black President. The election and re-election of President Obama…the accomplishments of an Obama administration…The significant achievements of the Civil Rights Movement…and the relevant yet ignored historical accomplishments of Blacks Made America Great in the first place are some facts White America does not want to admit or discuss and certainly not put it in a book where young Black and White students can read about it.

Then we have those Whites and Blacks who say race relations are getting better and that Racism is a thing of the past. I guess for them, killing unarmed Blacks and Black children is a sign of things getting better. This ridiculous lack of honesty coincides with our country’s penchant to return to its past racist attitudes. That is what Make America Great Again really means. White America wants to return to the past and some ignorant Blacks are stupid enough to want to help them by supporting a Maniacal Racist like Donald Trump. It is easier to think that relations are getting better when you are not feeling the brunt of racism. We are not in a post-racial period…White America wants to return to its days where they felt Black America knew its place. In fact, Christian White America will never admit that while we shed our Blood, Sweat, Tears, and Died…they stole Money from us.

Martin Luther King Jr. declared: “It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds.” Legalized slavery allowed White America to extract wealth from the lives of four million African Americans. “Slaves were the single largest, by far, financial asset of property in the entire American economy.” Understand White America, we are not going back to way things used to be. You did not give us anything. Black America has earned its right as citizens in this country. But in the vein of let’s make a deal, we will go back to Africa, when YOU go back to Europe. Deal? I didn’t think so.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

How Long? Who Knows?


What these Black Egg Suckers DO NOT understand is Colin Kaepernick had the courage of his conviction to respond to issues of Racism while these Black slugs ask their agents if they CAN protest Racism. The Rodney Harrisons and the Richard Shermans and the Victor Cruzes and the Jerry Rices and the other Big Black men on the NFL Campus do not have the courage of their convictions because they do not have a conviction and they certainly do not have courage. That also goes for journalism clown, Jason Whitlock. On yesterday, they were Wimps.

White folks expect Black Wimps to entertain them by running and jumping and catching and tackling and saying Doo-Dah–which is exactly what they do. Yeah yeah it is a job and they get paid. But they do not realize they do not OWE White America Anything. Blacks…especially Blacks who feel they "have it made" still do not understand they can protest Racism. They think NO ONE can see their illuminating Black skin. White folks tell them if they call out White Racism they are Anti-White. White folks are good at putting the guilt trip on ignorant Blacks who think they have arrived and they eat it up. This same national anthem that Whites revere in many instances is no different than the Confederate Flag. OMG…Did He just say that? YES I DID!

Case in point..this country was founded on Racist principles. America created The American Holocaust called Slavery and proceeded to sell Black flesh and then treat millions of persons with Black Skin as animals using the Christian Cross and the American Flag. SO…if the flag represents America, it represents Racism, as does American Christianity. OMG…Did he just say that too? YES I DID?. Colin Kaepernick had the courage on a field of sport to recognize and dramatize his opposition to American Racism represented by the American Flag as did John Carlos and Tommie Smith and Jim Brown and Kareem Abdul and Muhammad Ali and the Black AFL All-Stars who threatened to boycott the AFL All-Star game in 1965 because of the racism at the AFL All-Star game in New Orleans. The game was ultimately moved to Houston, and the list is endless.

If White America wants to have a sh*t hemorrhage because of their racism, have at it. Protests require courage and commitment and sacrifice and passion and are motivated by a cause. Colin Kaepernick understands. The Seahawks and other Wimps who either wore a professional sports uniform or who are wearing one now, simply do not understand. Why? Because White folks will not allow them to understand.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.