Picture of first sit-in August 13, 1960 and closed lunch counter. “It was never about a hot dog and a Coke®!” More »

Civil Rights Marker in downtown Jacksonville-Hemming Park/Plaza. More »

With Stetson Kennedy and Wayne Greenhaw. More »

Members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP TODAY---with Marjorie Meeks Brown, Dr. Arnett E. Girardeau, Iona Godfrey King, Rometa Graham Porter, Isaac Carnes, Alton Yates. More »

With NAACP National Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins in 1960 when he spoke in Jacksonville at one of the NAACP Mass Meetings. More »

Receiving Bronze Medal as a Florida Book Awards Winner--with Wayne Wiegand. More »

With Dr. Michael Eric Dyson-Speaker at the 2009 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. More »

Speaker-City of Jacksonville Dr. Martin Luther King Breakfast More »

With Dr. Charles Ogletree, the Harvard Law School Jesse Climenko Professor of Law, and Founding and Executive Director of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice...and the Speaker at the 2008 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. Dr. Ogletree taught both Michelle Obama and President Obama at Harvard Law School. More »

Ruby Hurley and Ella Baker, two of 12 Civil Rights Icons immortalized in the 2009 USPS Stamp Issue-Civil Rights Pioneers. More »

Mrs. Ruby Hurley, Southeastern Regional Director NAACP and our 1960 NAACP Youth Council Surrogate Mother. More »

With Civil Rights Icon and Congressman John Lewis More »

50th Anniversary Commemoration of the 1960 Sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday with members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP. From left...Issac Carnes, Marjorie Meeks Brown, Mary Chisholm Underwood, Iona Godfrey King, and Ann Albertie Hurst (yep my wife). In the rear of the Pulpit area at Bethel Baptist Institutional Church...from left...Ms. Adora Nweze, President of the Florida State Conference of Branches NAACP; Rev. Dr. Randolph Bracy; Isaiah Rumlin, President of the Jacksonville Branch; and Bethel Senior Co-Pastor, Bishop Rudolph McKissick Sr. More »

Jacksonville Branch NAACP 2012 Freedom Fund Dinner More »

With Dr. Jelani Cobb at the 98th ASALH Annual Convention in Jacksonville October 2-6, 2013. More »

Dr. Johnnetta Cole, Speaker at the 2013 ASALH National Convention Banquet in Jacksonville, Florida. More »

Dr. Robert Hayling, Me, and Charlie Cobb at the 2014 Florida Heritage Book Festival for our presentation on the Civil Rights/Freedom Summer Movement. More »


The White American Dream…though Racist it may be.

THE AMERICAN DREAM FOR MANY IN THE CLOWN PARADE OF WHITE REPUBLICANTS FRANTICALLY running for the Presidency (Uncle Ben Carson does not count) is that one day they would sit in the Oval Office and live at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. Yet having a Black President of the United States of America before them is sheer punishment. And to have that Black President re-elected before them is literally a political fate worst than death!

The American Institution of Racism dictates if you are Black you are to be seen and not heard; and then not seen too much. And for these White Republicants, how much more of a slap in the face than to have a Black Man command the World Stage Spotlight as President of the United States? That hurt them real bad.

President Obama has crushed many White Republicant Male Political Psyches. It is obvious to America if not to them that Barack Obama is certainly much more intelligent. Can you imagine what John McCain and Mitt Romney went through when they really thought they would beat Barack Obama? Or they thought they could handle him in debate? After all how hard should it be to beat a Black man running for the most powerful seat in the world. Piece of Cake right? Even to the extent where Mitt Romney did not write a concession speech because he knew he would not need it. How, they asked their therapists and anyone else who would listen, did a Black man beat me for the Presidency? He must have cheated. He surely promised something to the Blacks and the Browns to come out and vote for him instead of me. Surely America wanted me instead of someone who would have been enslaved 150 years ago.

And that is the episodic back breaker…America wanted Barack Obama instead of them. The Ultimate Rejection. Now imagine what happens when one of the Clown 19 loses to a White Woman or heaven forbid, Bernie Sanders?

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

It is called the American Institution of Racism and it is as American as Apple pie and Dr. Seuss.

A racist cartoon drawn by popular children’s artist Dr. Seuss—whose real name was Theodore Geisel—failed to garner any bids at an art auction in California on Thursday, reports BET.

The cartoon, drawn early in the career by the creator of the Cat in the Hat, the Grinch, and Horton the elephant, shows a man entering a room full of grotesquely stylized African- Americans, with a sign reading : “Take home a high-grade NIGGER for your woodpile – Satisfaction guaranteed.”

Unsold Dr. Seuss cartoon - Twitter

The Struggle Continues.  RLHSR.


Blacks cannot be Racist.

I am posting this …again…for those Black folks and White folks who say Blacks can be racist. Especially since these same Neanderthals have a ridiculously stupid opinion about First Lady Michelle Obama telling the truth in her May 9, 2015 Commencement Address at Tuskegee University.

Racists expect Blacks not to talk about racism. And make no mistake about it, talk of racism always puts racists on the defense. Not because it is talk, but because it is the Truth. Mrs. Obama's words were not controversial as the press calls them. Mrs. Obama's words were not extreme as racists call them. Mrs. Obama simply told the truth. And this from FOX House Negro Angela McGlowan who admitted that racism was still alive in America, but she insisted that the first Black first lady should have ignored it and delivered a “positive message” instead. Lie and simply pretend there is no racism as we all sing Kumbaya.

Being Black in this country gives us the "up close and personal" opportunity to see the American Institution of Racism and Whites at their Racist "Finest". Yet as the victims, Whites do not want us to discuss their vile and virulent racism imposed on us. So how do you balance the racist equation? Call Blacks Racist! Let's let Dr. Michael Eric Dyson take the real Racists and some Black Wannabees to school.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

Another Case Against Racism


Surprisingly Excellent Editorial. Finally the press is beginning to say RACISM.
It is so important that we understand this history and how the "American Institution of Racism" private and governmental, is not just a term with 4 words situated together. It is not an urban legend. It is certainly not to be ignored.

Send this to one of your favorite Millennial persons and one of your favorite Gen X persons who think…that we are in a post racial era …that racism is a thing of the past…and that things are going to get better in the by-and-by. Teach them. When you know better, hopefully you do better.

The Struggle Continues.  RLHSR.

Charter Schools…No Gold Here.


This is an excellent read about charter schools.  rip-off is an appropriate handle. WE missed this because the charter school "reformers" do not want US to know this. We were part given and part sold a bright shiny "Golden" package without understanding "All That Glitters Is Not Gold". Well private charter schools —forget the public charter school tag, they are private—now are a way of life, doing their proverbial thing which is NOT providing quality education for OUR young people. All of sudden no one wants to help public education and the many public schools which are still staple institutions especially in the Black Community. Give them Support!!! I still call many charter schools, the New Segregation Academy. Read that any way you want.

Slowly some in the Black Community are beginning to realize charter schools are simply a "shiny glittery package" with no substance, and certainly NO GOLD. Other Blacks still have their thumb up their ass waiting and wishing and hoping. Other Blacks do not give a damn because they are too busy making money off educating (big joke) Blacks in charter schools. Real Big Joke!

One day those parents who do not profit from education and really want the best for the children and grand children will understand the charter school shell game being run, and hopefully not too late. Remember this…when America catches a cold, the Black community already has pneumonia. When America finally realizes charter schools are not the answer, public schools in the Black Community will be closed. Then we PAY literally and figuratively for education. Isn't that THEIR game plan?

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR!


I enjoy the information you present from time to time. Quite frankly I am a history buff. But come on History Channel Executives, Do you really think I think that all Ancient History Ethiopians, All Ancient History Egyptians, All Ancient History Libyans, All Ancient History Israelites, All persons from all countries in Africa, and ALL persons in the Bible looked like Charlton Heston and Elizabeth Taylor, and White Europeans?


We are talking about Africa. We are talking about that portion of the world where Ancient Egyptians built the pyramids and the Sphinx and great building and monuments which still baffle modern day scientists and engineers. We are talking about that portion of the world where the Bible takes place. Not the convenience of saying the Middle East. The inconvenience of saying the Continent of AFRICA. Yes AFRICA CONTINENT…where Jesus and Moses and Solomon and David and Ruth and Esther and Mary Magdalene AND thousands more biblical persons lived. For you see History Channel executives, in addition to a spiritual book for Christians, the Bible is also an Ancient History Book. Of course, well before Europe was discovered, there was the continent of Africa. Contrary to the belief you foster, those countries which make up Africa were not inhabited by blue-eyed White Europeans. Those persons which many of us study, have studied, and read about daily in the bible were not blue-eyed White Europeans…irrespective of the images in stained-glass windows in many Christian Churches. Those persons by today's standards were Black. (The stained-glass windows are another story.) Next time use this disclaimer before some of your so-called history programming and you can use this copy if you like. You have my permission.

"The following program is historically inaccurate. Although our researchers confirmed these events take place in countries on the continent of Africa and near the continent of Africa, and although we have confirmed many of the persons portrayed in the program were historically Black, we have chosen to to show them as White Anglo Saxons to appeal to Racist White Christian Evangelicals so we can maintain their viewership and in the process make money. That especially includes the image of Jesus. We do not want to give any ideas to dark-skinned persons of the world. So we choose to purposely lie about History."

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

Fox News Posts Fake Baltimore Riot Photo That’s Actually From Venezuela.

That’s right, the image was taken from Venezuela, not Baltimore. But for those who accepted Fox’s rendition of the story uncritically, the image became burned into their minds as being a scene of devastation in Baltimore.

On April 27th, local FOX13 claimed the photo of the fires burning everything except the golden arches at McDonalds was “Baltimore In Flames.”

Reverb Nation notes that one viewer noticed the image and placed it right away. They thought the image looked familiar, and pointed out that the story on the CVS burning was not Baltimore at all.

The Imgur user said: “Now I understand why people mock Fox news so much…”


Just imagine if Fox hadn’t been called out on this? How many more stations would continue to run it as an actual image of Baltimore in flames? Just imagine how much else they are lying to us about!

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.



Now that the 150th anniversary of Reconstruction is upon us, the National Park Service is trying to figure out how to appropriately mark this incredibly important period in American history—a period that the nation has done little to recognize up to this point.

While the South is covered with Civil War plaques seemingly on every other corner celebrating bloody battles, there’s virtually no public recognition that Reconstruction even existed—no plaques, no National Park Service sites, no acknowledgement. Just the remnants of racism and the dastardly work of President Andrew Johnson.

But the National Park Service is trying to change that. Over the next year, the park service will ask historians, its own staff members, state historical societies, and the general public about the best sites and methods to capture Reconstruction’s history, according to Gregory P. Downs, an associate professor of history at City College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and the author of After Appomattox: Military Occupation and the Ends of War, and Kate Masur, an associate professor of history at Northwestern University and the author of An Example for All the Land: Emancipation and the Struggle Over Equality in Washington, D.C.

Downs and Masur wrote a piece on The Atlantic website revealing that they will be assisting the park service in determining how best to commemorate Reconstruction. The park service has also commissioned a handbook on Reconstruction that will soon be available in parks.

In their piece, Downs and Masur explain that the temporary loss of power during the period was so difficult for whites to digest that historians created a falsified narrative about that slice of history.

After Emancipation, the United States did extend the vote to Black men, and consequently in the South Black men were elected to Congress, state legislatures, and crucial local offices such as sheriffs and assessors. With the influence of these newly enfranchised Black people, new state governments created public schools and hospitals, and Black people and their white allies founded colleges, churches, and benevolent organizations, according to Downs and Masur.

But horror and bloodshed for the Black community soon followed, as white Southerners lashed out violently in bloody campaigns of terror, preventing African Americans from voting, killing thousands of freed people and raping untold numbers of Black women, all to reestablish control. By the end of the century, Jim Crow was in place and the Supreme Court in 1896’s Plessy v. Ferguson decision ruled that Black men didn’t have any rights a white man was bound to respect.

Throughout the early 20th century, as recounted by Downs and Masur, historians pressed the case that Reconstruction had been a disastrous mistake and created clear cut villains in the cartoonish Black Southerners holding offices they didn’t deserve, corrupt white Northern carpetbaggers moving south to take what didn’t belong to them, and tyrannical Republican politicians who oversaw an era of unjust, unconstitutional federal intervention. Altogether, this rewriting of history was used as a justification for the horrific racist policies of Jim Crow.

Not until the 1960s did historians begin to get the story of Reconstruction right, dispelling the myth of “negro rule” and showing how difficult it was for African Americans to get candidates elected to major offices.

“Against claims that African Americans emerged from slavery unprepared to live independently, historians have unearthed the wealth of institutions and cultural resources that people of African descent developed in slavery and cultivated after emancipation,” Downs and Masur wrote.

But the period still hasn’t gotten its proper due. The Parks Service is attempting to change that. Downs and Masur point out that the agency of late has been willing to tackle sensitive subjects, developing sites commemorating Japanese Internment during World War II, and the massacre of hundreds of Cheyenne and Arapaho people at Sand Creek by Coloradans enrolled in the U.S. Army, in addition to Civil War memorials that now include the roles of Black soldiers, slaves, and freed people.

“Identifying those sites and creating a framework for public engagement with Reconstruction cannot smooth out the complexity and travails of the era,” Downs and Masur wrote, “but it can be a part of fulfilling the Park Service’s mission of helping Americans grapple with this nation’s history, a challenge that in the end means not just celebrating its victories but also remembering its tragedies and asking serious questions about defeats and wrong turns.”May 1, 2015 | Posted by

My comments…You can really mark this important yet ignored era in our nation's history by discussing a reparations plan to pay my ancestors for their unpaid labor; AND to deliver my promised 40 acres and a mule which racist President Andrew Johnson illegitimately withdrew. American needs to decide how much it wants to be a racist.

The Struggle Continues.  RLHSR.


Enough with the appeasing hand wringing about "Why are they rioting?" Leave most ministers in their pulpits. Leave most Black elected officials in their Ivory Towers. Do you only now realize there is a crisis when there is a crisis everyday in Black America? White America wants to trot you out as so-called peacemakers, but what peace are you making? When do you ever speak up about Racism, and point fingers at White America.

No one condones violence and no one is expected to defend the taking of property. But no one condones the taking of life.
Yet we see it happening everyday…Baltimore is Jacksonville and New York and Ferguson and Chicago and Washington DC and Orlando and Miami and America USA.
No one wants to deal with the racism of America or the rising militaristic nature of a police force yet we see that everyday too when Blacks—American Blacks—are killed with impunity.

We are victims many times over.
We die in the custody of police in the back of a police car and handcuffed and somehow someway we shot ourselves and committed suicide.
We hold our hands up and we are shot and killed because we looked menacing.
We run away from a car for whatever reason and a officer takes careful aim and shoots us 4 times in the back killing us as if running is a reason to die.
We run away on a bicycle and we are shot in the back killing us.
We are choked to death while in custody of the police.
We maliciously have our spine severed and we later die while in custody of the police.
We are shot at point blank range and killed in an erroneous drug raid gone wrong.
We see our children killed by police while they are sitting in our living room in another police raid gone wrong.
The willing allies of these killing are the media and the press who are always willing to shine a camera at violence but not willing to discuss and point fingers at law enforcement and how the sheer nature of government today is complicit in What is Wrong With America.

You don't want Americans to have health care. You treat it as a scourge instead of a necessary resource to save lives. Yet you can sell guns to take lives at a moment's notice …justify their use and deadly consequences… and call it protection. You erroneously think health care helps Blacks more than Whites.
You kidnap us from Africa…you work us for free in a free labor economy…you then say later that "You Are Free". And when I ask you Free From What and Free With What, you laugh. When I ask about reparations for the hundreds of years you stole money from me and my family and my ancestors, you laugh.

Supposedly we are a nation of those who respect Freedoms, yet the first freedom you always want to take from Blacks is the freedom to vote without shackles and chains. And you take pride in denying Blacks the right to vote.
When Black people correctly charge, accuse and indict you for centuries of brutality, you compare us to infants throwing a tantrum.
When we use terms that adequately reflect the imbalance of power between whites and Black people as well as the terrorism that typifies how whites relate to Black people, you say we are whiners.

When we complain about the Criminal "Injustice" System, you accuse us of playing the "race card" which we are because the system smacks of racism.
You also promote the absurd theory that “sensitivity training” can rehabilitate racists. Not when Racism is American Born and Bred.
Then you love to use the term Racial Reconciliation. Reconciliation is the restoration of friendly relations. During what era have whites and Black people enjoyed friendly, non-exploitative relations?
Also understand that even while we use the term White Privilege it is a misnomer. White Privilege conveniently focuses attention on the benefits whites derive from racism, not the mandatory white conduct that sustains a racist empire. Let's call it White pathology along with White deeds and White actions – not privileges – which void Black life and extinguish our very existence.

Once again America, you can sit with your thumb up your Ass and pretend it is only a problem with the Black Savages on the Street…and you can call all the Black and White Intellectuals you want to analyze the problem…and we can all the ministers of all faiths to have Interfaith prayer sessions everyday …but until and unless America decides it wants to something about the way it treats its Black citizens, and have since we were kidnapped and brought to these shores, toil and strife will continue. Just another time and another place. America will have NO REST until respect for Human Dignity and the sanctity of a Black Life is at hand.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.


The problem is that white people see racism as conscious hate, when racism is bigger than that. Racism is a complex system of social and political levers and pulleys set up generations ago to continue working on the behalf of whites at other people’s expense, whether whites know/like it or not.

Racism is an insidious cultural disease. It is so insidious that it doesn’t care if you are a white person who likes black people; it’s still going to find a way to infect how you deal with people who don’t look like you. Yes, racism looks like hate, but hate is just one manifestation. Privilege is another. Access is another. Ignorance is another. Apathy is another. And so on. So while I agree with people who say no one is born racist, it remains a powerful system that we’re immediately born into. It’s like being born into air: you take it in as soon as you breathe. It’s not a cold that you can get over.

There is no anti-racist certification class. It’s a set of socioeconomic traps and cultural values that are fired up every time we interact with the world. It is a thing you have to keep scooping out of the boat of your life to keep from drowning in it. I know its hard work, but it’s the price you pay for owning everything. SCOTT WOODS

If that ain't a Mouthful!!!  The Struggle Continues. RLHSr.