Picture of first sit-in August 13, 1960 and closed lunch counter. “It was never about a hot dog and a Coke®!” More »

Civil Rights Marker in downtown Jacksonville-Hemming Park/Plaza. More »

With Stetson Kennedy and Wayne Greenhaw. More »

Members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP TODAY---with Marjorie Meeks Brown, Dr. Arnett E. Girardeau, Iona Godfrey King, Rometa Graham Porter, Isaac Carnes, Alton Yates. More »

With NAACP National Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins in 1960 when he spoke in Jacksonville at one of the NAACP Mass Meetings. More »

Receiving Bronze Medal as a Florida Book Awards Winner--with Wayne Wiegand. More »

With Dr. Michael Eric Dyson-Speaker at the 2009 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. More »

Speaker-City of Jacksonville Dr. Martin Luther King Breakfast More »

With Dr. Charles Ogletree, the Harvard Law School Jesse Climenko Professor of Law, and Founding and Executive Director of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice...and the Speaker at the 2008 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. Dr. Ogletree taught both Michelle Obama and President Obama at Harvard Law School. More »

Ruby Hurley and Ella Baker, two of 12 Civil Rights Icons immortalized in the 2009 USPS Stamp Issue-Civil Rights Pioneers. More »

Mrs. Ruby Hurley, Southeastern Regional Director NAACP and our 1960 NAACP Youth Council Surrogate Mother. More »

With Civil Rights Icon and Congressman John Lewis More »

50th Anniversary Commemoration of the 1960 Sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday with members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP. From left...Issac Carnes, Marjorie Meeks Brown, Mary Chisholm Underwood, Iona Godfrey King, and Ann Albertie Hurst (yep my wife). In the rear of the Pulpit area at Bethel Baptist Institutional Church...from left...Ms. Adora Nweze, President of the Florida State Conference of Branches NAACP; Rev. Dr. Randolph Bracy; Isaiah Rumlin, President of the Jacksonville Branch; and Bethel Senior Co-Pastor, Bishop Rudolph McKissick Sr. More »

Jacksonville Branch NAACP 2012 Freedom Fund Dinner More »

With Dr. Jelani Cobb at the 98th ASALH Annual Convention in Jacksonville October 2-6, 2013. More »

Dr. Johnnetta Cole, Speaker at the 2013 ASALH National Convention Banquet in Jacksonville, Florida. More »

Dr. Robert Hayling, Me, and Charlie Cobb at the 2014 Florida Heritage Book Festival for our presentation on the Civil Rights/Freedom Summer Movement. More »



The degree of Racism that infects us all is evident in the killing of the two police officers in Brooklyn. Almost immediately, police union spokesmen, Right Wing Racist Hypocrites, AND Racists of all conveniences started pointing fingers at the demonstrations and protests and protests leaders and specifically Blacks as if Blacks are responsible for the deaths of the policemen and American Institution of Racism. Yet these same professional spokesmen never uttered a kind Christian word for the families of the unarmed victims killed by policemen. Let me remind you the American Institution of Racism was developed for, and is supported by, White America.

I do not apologize for protests and Demonstrations which dealt with the epidemic of brutal police killings, and do not try and tell me when a police kills an unarmed Black person that is simply “the price of doing business” if you are a law enforcement officer. The problem is those who protest racism and in this instance the unconscionable killings of many Blacks by police and other law enforcement officers are made to feel as if their protesting is responsible for police being killed. That is always the strategy of the American Institution of Racism. Whatever the circumstances, it was “The Blacks” fault for stirring up the “Niggers”. How many times have I heard “Racial Agitators”? This is not agitating. This is Black America protesting a problem America has allowed to simmer for decades. White policemen coming into the Black community as the disrespectful slavery plantation owners reincarnated to keep “The Blacks” under control is not new. The mantra is always “do not do as I do, just do as I say do.” There are police who do their jobs as professionals and there are policemen who do their jobs as racists. Yet when White policemen kill as we have see over this last year, Whites never view those killings as racist crimes against Blacks. Blacks killed by White policemen irrespective of circumstances are almost always “justified”. Do you really expect the Black Community to believe there are no bad policemen and there are no racist policemen? Of course, we live in a country which never apologized for slavery and never apologized for kidnapping millions of Africans from their native continent; so I would not expect America to ever see where it is wrong.

Well America you are wrong. As a Black man, I am not going on a guilt trip because two policemen were killed any more than you White America go on a guilt trip when Blacks are killed by policemen no matter the circumstances or lack of credibility and substance. I am a Christian and I abhor all killing. When you allow murderers to walk free or are never charged because a prosecutor “cooked the prosecutorial books” I never hear your voice. You call it justifiable homicide (what a helluva oxymoron), Blacks call it Murder. WE have seen it much too often. So we are at a crossroads. Unless America first deals with its rampant racism, and then begin to afford respect to Black America, then Humpty Dumpty will really have a Great Fall. Parading a few “handkerchief head” Niggers — Black Uncle Bens and Uncle Clarences and Aunt Staceys —asking us to apologize Cannot Put Humpty Dumpty Together Again. Blaming Blacks for America’s problems is not going to solve the problem. Funny but when you had us in chains as slaves, making money for you, we were not a problem.

Talking Race and Racism is very intimidating. Yet American Racism is as American as Apple Pie. America does not understand respect when it comes to Black America. That is a by-product of American Racism. You will not respect a Black President. You will not respect a Black First Lady. You will not respect a Black Attorney General. You treat them as irreverently as you treat the Native American Indians whose land you stole. The fact President Obama is Black exacerbates your already pathetic core racist attitudes. Like it or not America, the protests and the demonstrations will continue. You can blame Blacks all you want, but sooner or later you had better start looking in the mirror to assess the Real Blame. Only then can YOU start solving YOUR Problem.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

The Scale Of Injustice!


The Scale of Injustice

The Scale of Injustice tells us two things
1) A Racist with a Badge and a gun is still a Racist, but with Life and Death Control over you; and
2) Justice is Not Blind. Justice Is Most Definitely A Racist.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

Lazy and Inept News.

Soledad O’Brien schools CBS host: Black protesters deserve to "survive an interaction with police".




CNN contributor Soledad O’Brien tried to explain to CBS host Bob Schieffer on Sunday that the protests over law enforcement “criminalizing” black communities were about much more than the recent deaths of black men in Missouri and New York.

“Anybody who thinks that what is happening right now [with the protests across the country] is only about Eric Garner, is only about Michael Brown is really missing what is happening in black America,” she pointed out. “African-Americans feel that they are treated differently in the criminal justice system, they are treated differently under the law.”

“There is this aggressive targeting of black people,” O’Brien added. “That doesn’t happen in white communities, and it’s that anger over so many years that is really percolating up now.”

“Do you think that’s a valid feeling, that they are being treated differently?” Schieffer asked. O’Brien encouraged the CBS host to “look at the statistics.”

In her recent CNN documentary Black in America: Black and Blue, she found that 90 percent of the 5 million stop-and-frisk stops in New York City never resulted in arrests. “Those people had done nothing,” she explained. “So 90 percent of the blacks and Latinos that were stopped in stop-and-frisks in New York City didn’t do anything. Imagine what that does psychically to a culture if you ‘fit the description,’ which means you’re black, male, 19 to 25.”

Schieffer, however, wondered if the stop-and-frisks were justified because blacks lived in “high-crime areas.” “I think the challenge is that it’s not being applied proportionally,” O’Brien declared. “For example, if you are arresting and stopping people where many of them haven’t done anything, you create a culture in that community — even a high-crime community — where people feel like they are being criminalized, even those — as we saw in our documentary — who haven’t done anything.”

The CNN contributor recalled that one man said that he had been stopped more than 100 times.

“At some point, I think it becomes very damaging to these individuals, but also to a community that understands this is unfair,” she continued. “White people would say to me, ‘Well, I tell my children they should be respectful of police.’ And black people would say, ‘I teach my son how to survive an interaction with the police,’ regardless of socio-economic status.”

“That is problematic, and that, I think, is at the core of all these marches and anger that we’ve seen.”


My Comments….Bob Schieffer is an uninformed TYPICAL talk show host who has outlived his usefulness if he was ever useful in the news arena. I cannot give this heretofore perceived knowledgeable host of a heretofore perceived intelligent news talk show a pass for stupidity and laziness.The questions and comments he made in this article are just some of the reasons why some of us should simply turn off network news…local news is a given…and seek news sources from some of the excellent web sites on the internet.

Yep I AM saying throw out the news baby with the stinking news bath water. You might learn more about what is REALLY GOING ON. When you can only list one or two news talk shows as worthy of watching, there is a Real problem. But then we knew that.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

The South Will Rise Again…They Hope!


Notwithstanding Southern Democrats who wimpishly ran both hot and cold on Progressive issues and supporting President Obama as the standard bearer of Democrats, the loss of Mary Landrieu (link article) camouflages other reasons why there will be no Democratic senators left from the Deep South when the new Congress is sworn in early next year. The press will never discuss it and of course NO TV talk show will adequately engage in an honest conversation, so I am offering my reasons why Republicants have taken over the Political South.

Your Choices are: 1)The Brown Decision. 2)The Civil Rights Bill of 1964. 3)The Voting Rights Act of 1965. 4)The Voting Rights Act of 1968. 5) Southerners hate Democrats since the Democrat Party is the Party of President Lyndon Baines Johnson who signed the Civil Rights Bill and the Voting Rights Acts. 6)Still Angry and Refusing to admit defeat of the so-called Civil War and Terrorist Southerners want a do-over.(Please note…The South was really an Enemy Government since they seceded from the United States of America) 7) They are throwing Red Meat Signals to the Klan to crank-up again. 8) Racist Republicant Right Wing Evangelical Tea Party Party totally represents the views of White Southerners. 9) The South does not like a Black President. 10) Southerners hate Democrats since the Democrat Party is the Party of Black President Barack Obama. 11) White Southerners do no like or want a Black President. 12) The South is not Progressive …never has been Progressive, and simply remains THE Bed Rock of Embedded Racism. 13) Best Place to keep Niggers in their Place. 14) The South wants their Love Affair with Racism to continue UNIMPEDED by things like Fairness and Equality. 15) Did I Mention White Southerners do no like or want a Black President? 16)All of the Above.


The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

The word is Insignificant.

Rev. Al Sharpton (l.) stands back as Esaw Garner, widow of Eric Garner, as she speaks to the press after a grand jury decided not to indict NYPD Officer Daniel Pantaleo for the death of her husband.

Rev. Al Sharpton (l.) stands back as Esaw Garner, widow of Eric Garner, as she speaks to the press after a grand jury decided not to indict NYPD Officer Daniel Pantaleo for the death of her husband.

Huffington Post Headline …“Conservatives Join Outrage Over Grand Jury Decision In Eric Garner's Death”…
Yeah! Sure! Right! Don't get lulled into thinking Conservatives –aka Racists–give a tinker's damn about Eric Garner. Black Lives in this country are marginalized and insignificant because that is the mantra of Racism. In other words, Black Lives are not worth a tinker’s damn. Conservatives/Racists live by that creed. Which is why the headline “Conservatives Join Outrage Over Grand Jury Decision In Eric Garner's Death” is not worth the computer space it uses. This was a sloppy DBP (Death By Police) because it was captured on tape. So officials could not tell the public not to believe your Lying eyes. Amadou Diallo. Manuel Loggins Jr. Ronald Madison, Ramarley Graham, Sean Bell, Michael Brown and the list is tragically long, were all killed by the police who were not charged AND there were no videos. Eric Garner on the other hand was a different matter. There was a video. Did it make a difference charging the police? Not in the least. So it was sloppy. They could not use the usual basis of my police word against the dead victim. Another snuffing of an "Insignificant Life".

A Little History…The Word is Insignificant.
During slavery and after slavery, Blacks were hanged, bull whipped to death, shot, bodies pulled apart by horses and all to make a point. Your life was insignificant. When a slave owner “lost” a slave, he simply bought another. And even if he did not, he increased the workload on the remaining slaves. But his point was made, and the other slaves got the message. The cowardly Ku Klux Klan did the same thing and under the protection of law enforcement because many Klan members were in law enforcement. Yet today, Black students will say to you, as they have said to me, Mr. Hurst, there were good slave owners and bad slave owners, and the Klan started as a social organization. This is what we teach. We call it American History. Good White Plantation owners are significant, and slaves are insignificant. American History teaches nothing about Black History and teaches nothing about the Civil Rights Movement. So the word/term/policy that yells "Insignificant" continues.

Many Whites today continue to treat Blacks as insignificant creatures. Many Whites think more of their pets than they do for Blacks. Liberals come up with these stupid ideas of what THEY think is best for Blacks. THEY consider allowing Black to TELL THEM what is best. That's because Blacks have Insignificant Minds. The American Institution of Racism’s permeating attitude is ALL Black Males are violent. Get them before they get you is the “public safety rationale” many law enforcement officers use and upon which Stand Your Ground laws are written. Black Lives in America are still insignificant and unless and until we decide to do something about it, NOTHING WILL CHANGE.

And don’t send me any links where some reporter and headline writer are having orgasms because a few racists are saying things with a wink wink. If you believe them, maybe you need to look in the mirror again.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

He IS The President!

Let's get over the Bull Shit emotionalism of demanding President Obama go to Ferguson. He does not need to go to Ferguson. Former Sundown Town Ferguson is just another residual of this country's Racism. President Obama is not the head of a Civil Rights Organization. He is not the President of a Community Based Organization (CBO). He is not a troubleshooter. He is the President of the United States. He has a plethora of folks who can go. He has spoken from his position as President about Ferguson, and might I add, quite well. Remember HE sent Attorney General Eric Holder to visit Ferguson earlier, and the FBI is still investigating. The Secretary of State goes when there is an International Incident, not the President. The Secretary of Homeland Security visits incidents of national security.

There are those who say, why can't the President go? Cornel West went? First-Cornel West is a Pompous Ass; and Second-He is not the President of the United States. And he still has not received an invitation to the White House. BTW-This is West's latest criticism of President Obama…"I think Ferguson signifies the end of the age of Obama." What the Hell does that mean? Oh I know, some of his professorial colleagues and Do Good liberals (them again) will flock to West's defense with the usual banal jargon. All expected. (As an aside—If some of these "Doctors" do what they should do in TWI (Traditional White Institutions) and HBCU (Historical Black Colleges and Universities) and teach their students about Black History and the Civil Rights Movement, maybe more students will understand. I needed to say that.) Of course, these same Academics/Professors/Race Experts and Do Good Liberals/Race Experts will never move beyond their ivory towers to get involved. They just talk a good game, criticize, and complain, and that is all. They collectively did nothing back in the Civil Rights Movement, and they continue to do the two things now that they do best— Nothing and Pontificate. Cornel West needs to go somewhere and sit in a corner and wait for a White President in 2016. Maybe he will finally get his White House invitation.

President Obama does not have to visit Ferguson. He did not need to visit Sanford or Jacksonville or New York or Los Angeles or Richmond or Dallas either. Get Over It!

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.


The state of race relations in the U.S. where people seem to be under the mistaken belief that we are “post-racial,” is dire. This week saw a young, unarmed Black man killed by the NYPD in a stairwell, and a refusal to indict from a Ferguson grand jury. Responses to these events from those concerned about systemic discrimination against people of color also saw the revival of a familiar battle cry among my fellow honkies: “Reverse racism!”

Accusations of “reverse racism” are dragged out in many cases when people of color and nonwhite people speak out, sometimes passionately, about racial issues. In Texas, for example, a teacher was recently forced out of her job after a profanity-laced tweet from her private account, in which she referred to White people as “crackers.” Make no mistake: The district’s pressure wasn’t about the use of some four letter words. It was about “crackers,” and the belief that some people think it’s a racial slur. Yes, really. Recently, in another example, the “tanning tax” was called “racist against White people.”

#Breaking: Reverse racism doesn’t exist. Here’s why.

1) Racism = privilege + power

In order to be racist, you need to possess two traits. The first is privilege: A structural, institutional, and social advantage. White people occupy positions of racial privilege, even when they are disadvantaged in other ways. White women, for example, consistently make more than Black women, because they benefit from racial attitudes. Furthermore, you also have to have power: the ability, backed up by society, to be a strong social influencer, with greater leeway when it comes to what you do, where, and how.

For instance, white people benefit from privilege and power when they aren’t arrested for drug crimes at disproportionate rates, while Black people experience racism when they’re arrested, and sentenced, for the same crimes. This reflects a racialized power imbalance in the justice system. It’s about the privilege and power of white offenders (less likely to be racially profiled, more likely to have strong legal representation, more likely to be able to talk police officers out of an arrest) and the lack of social status for Black offenders.

People of color talking about White people don’t occupy positions of privilege or power. Therefore, they cannot be racist. Racism is structural, not personal.

2) Anger is a legitimate response to oppression.

When “reverse racism” is flung around, it’s often in response to angry language, to protests, to fights for equality. People of color have been pushing back on privilege and power for a long time. Many of them are understandably pretty tired of it. Unsurprisingly, some aren’t interested in moderating their tone for a white audience. That means that sometimes they use strong language, out of frustration, rage, or to make a heavy impact on observers. Still not reverse racism.

More importantly, insisting that people of color need to be nice about the way they talk about racism is, in fact, racist: It suggests that, for example, “angry Black women” don’t merit social attention, because they’re being unreasonable.

3) Attempts to rectify systemic injustices are not examples of reverse racism.

One of the most common pieces of evidence used as “proof” of reverse racism is that of affirmative action and minority admissions at colleges, universities, and some companies. The argument goes that people of color are stealing positions and jobs away from better or equally qualified white people.

This is not the case. The problem is that generations of injustice have resulted in under-representation of people of color in these settings, and the goal of affirmative action and related initiatives is to ensure that they aren’t harmed by racial bias in admissions and hiring decisions. People of color aren’t admitted or hired “over White people.” They’re considered equally, with an eye to the fact that subconscious bias may be influencing decisions made by people in power, who are, you guessed it, often white.

“White folks will tell me time and time again that Affirmative Action is ‘unfair,’” writes Jamie Utt, a diversity and inclusion consultant and sexual violence prevention educator, “because it discriminates against White people. What the term ‘fair’ assumes here, though, is that we live in a society where there’s an equal playing field for all students, regardless of race or wealth.” Addressing these injustices is intended to give people of color more opportunities, and to ensure that future generations won’t face the same imbalances current generations do.

4) Having spaces set aside for people of color is not racist.

Whites are often resentful of clubs, organizations, and groups focused on people of a specific race, with membership closed to people who are not members of that racial community. The claim goes that such groups segregate and discriminate; after all, if members of those minorities cared so much about racism, they’d open their membership to all, right?

Josh Odam writes in the Daily Collegian, “One of my favorite examples of such a mentality is this: It’s unfair that Black students have a Black Student Union when white students do not. To put it simply, the University of Massachusetts is a White Student Union.”

But it’s about more than that. It’s not just that every public space is open to white people, but that white people have an expectation that every private space should be open to them, too. Some conversations and community events need to take place behind closed doors. People of color may need to have sensitive conversations about discrimination, racism, and their lived experiences that are difficult to have when they are surrounded by white observers or people who talk over them. Such spaces provide a medium for doing so, just as members of the LGBTQ community use retreat spaces, and women join women-only organizations and groups for mutual support.

5) White people are not oppressed.

The history of the oppression of people of color by the West, and, by extension, white people, spans centuries. Africans were enslaved and brought to the New World, where European colonialists stole land from Indigenous people. Colonies across the Global South brought untold wealth into the coffers of Europe, with the low, low cost of suffering for native populations. 

Today, we’re still living with the legacies of colonialism: In the United States, the Black community is dealing with the aftermath of slavery and the poverty and systemic prejudice it left behind. In many African nations, the collapse of former colonies left governments in shambles and unable to support themselves. In Australia, indigenous people struggle with a high poverty rate and low access to health care.

White people, in contrast with people of color, do not experience systemic discrimination that makes it difficult to find and hold jobs, access housing, get health care, receive a fair treatment in the justice system, and more. When it comes to social disparities, they’re the ones consuming and receiving the bulk of the resources; in just one example, Black women in the U.S. are more likely to die from breast cancer due to delayed diagnosis. That’s the result of racism within the medical system

Despite the belief stated by some White people that they are more oppressed than people of color, their claims don’t bear out when looking at social metrics like statistical representation in the justice system, poverty, educational achievement, and unemployment rates.

6) Prejudice and racism are not the same thing.

Some people of color may view Whites prejudicially; no wonder, given the interactions of racism in society. Anyone can believe in stereotypes or hold ideas about members of other groups that are not entirely accurate. 

However, being, and behaving, prejudicially isn’t the same thing as racism, especially when such prejudice punches up, not down. As Justin Simien of Dear White People puts it, “Prejudice and racism are different. A joke about White people dancing has no impact on the lives of average White people, whereas jokes about black people and reinforcing stereotypes about Black people do have an impact on the lives of everyday Black people.”

7) Hard truths aren’t racist—they’re just hard to hear.

Making a racist statement is a manifestation of racist culture; being “mean” isn’t. For whites, it can be difficult to be confronted with the reality of racism, and with comments from people of color about how privilege and power operate. It’s tempting to take such comments personally and to insist that people of color are being “mean,” which is often a hop, skip, and a jump away from an accusation of reverse racism.

In this case, the goal is often to invalidate the points made. If someone is being racist, surely her comments can be dismissed instead of taken seriously. Thus, a white person uncomfortable with a racialized conversation may claim that it’s reverse racist in order to escape the conversation, or escape her own role in racist power dynamics.

On the Internet, where such conversations fly by at lightning speed and often get heated, accusations of reverse racism often come in hot and heavy. It’s worth taking a moment to back up and hit those commenters with a healthy dose of truth serum.

By S. E. Smith–dailydot.com

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

Justice is not Blind, Justice is a Racist.

Matt Wuerker

The Struggle Continues.  RLHSR.

Marissa Alexander…Justice Deferred.

Difficult to objectively assess the MARISSA ALEXANDER plea deal because it eliminates her exposure to serve 60 years. She pleaded guilty to aggravated assault on Counts 1 and 3 of the three Counts which satisfied the conditions of the plea deal. There is still a count 2 which will require her to go before the judge. He could also say everything is satisfied or not. He could even sentence her to more time. All of this gives them the ability to SAVE FACE, and they are doing it on the back of a Black Female. After serving 65 more days in jail in addition to the 1030 days she has already served, Marissa will be released from jail on January 27. She will then serve an additional 2 years of leg bracelet monitoring including house arrest. Further details will come out today…..BUT…

This was a political decision. It does take Marissa from under the gun of a 60 year sentence but it also takes Jacksonville's Political and Criminal IN-Justice Leadership off the hot seat. This is an international case and they just wanted IT to go away. Considering the circumstances, it takes a lot of pressure off of Marissa but it is interesting about the additional 2 years. I suspect these 2 years HAMSTRINGS her from publicly talking about her case. TV and Talk Shows etc. Keep her quiet. Jacksonville does not want Marissa's case to become more of a cause celebre'. Jacksonville's Racial Personality is still front and center and it is still racist. I am glad this part of Marissa's nightmare is over BUT THIS IS STILL A TRAVESTY and Justice is still a Racist.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

Michael Brown…A Story of Racism, Injustice, and Death—-Again.


This is another unfortunate teachable moment about Racism and Injustice in these As Yet United States of America. When a Black man is killed by a white person…Police or otherwise…the killer is never on trial. The Black male victim is on trial for what he did or did not do and he obviously cannot defend himself or say his killer is also a Liar. Black males are always thought to be naturally violent so they are always the aggressors. These are the circumstances since slavery. Black males are always at fault irrespective of the circumstances. In addition to Michael Brown, we have seen 20 to 30 Black males + killed over the last two years …the list is tragically long…including some who supposedly "committed suicide in the back seat of a police car"; and it was "their fault" or "it was something they did". So this teachable moment is to help young Black people understand racism in this veritable "Sea" of Integration.

Your conversation with a young Black person and especially with Black Millennials has to deal with stark reality. Racism is no joke. When Dr. Maya Angelou said "These As Yet United States of America", she spoke truth. When James Baldwin said "It demands great spiritual resilience not to hate the hater whose foot is on your neck, and an even greater miracle of perception and charity not to teach your child to hate”, he spoke truth. As a Black Parent, Grand Parent, Uncle, Aunt, whatever …to quote from the song in "Ragtime"…MAKE THEM HEAR YOU. That is the only way they will understand what they are up against. Graduation speakers tell one of the biggest lies at high school and college commencements. They tell students work hard, do your assignments, graduate …and tell the world you are ready, and everything will be all right. But to Blacks, they never mention the term Racism. You tell your young people about Racism, not as an excuse…But so they will know what to expect. You cannot afford not to.

The Struggle Continues.  RLHSR.