Picture of first sit-in August 13, 1960 and closed lunch counter. “It was never about a hot dog and a Coke®!” More »

Civil Rights Marker in downtown Jacksonville-Hemming Park/Plaza. More »

With Stetson Kennedy and Wayne Greenhaw. More »

Members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP TODAY---with Marjorie Meeks Brown, Dr. Arnett E. Girardeau, Iona Godfrey King, Rometa Graham Porter, Isaac Carnes, Alton Yates. More »

With NAACP National Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins in 1960 when he spoke in Jacksonville at one of the NAACP Mass Meetings. More »

Receiving Bronze Medal as a Florida Book Awards Winner--with Wayne Wiegand. More »

With Dr. Michael Eric Dyson-Speaker at the 2009 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. More »

Speaker-City of Jacksonville Dr. Martin Luther King Breakfast More »

With Dr. Charles Ogletree, the Harvard Law School Jesse Climenko Professor of Law, and Founding and Executive Director of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice...and the Speaker at the 2008 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. Dr. Ogletree taught both Michelle Obama and President Obama at Harvard Law School. More »

Ruby Hurley and Ella Baker, two of 12 Civil Rights Icons immortalized in the 2009 USPS Stamp Issue-Civil Rights Pioneers. More »

Mrs. Ruby Hurley, Southeastern Regional Director NAACP and our 1960 NAACP Youth Council Surrogate Mother. More »

With Civil Rights Icon and Congressman John Lewis More »

With Morris Dees, Speaker at the 2011 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. More »

50th Anniversary Commemoration of the 1960 Sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday with members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP. From left...Issac Carnes, Marjorie Meeks Brown, Mary Chisholm Underwood, Iona Godfrey King, and Ann Albertie Hurst (yep my wife). In the rear of the Pulpit area at Bethel Baptist Institutional Church...from left...Ms. Adora Nweze, President of the Florida State Conference of Branches NAACP; Rev. Dr. Randolph Bracy; Isaiah Rumlin, President of the Jacksonville Branch; and Bethel Senior Co-Pastor, Bishop Rudolph McKissick Sr. More »

Jacksonville Branch NAACP 2012 Freedom Fund Dinner More »

With Dr. Jelani Cobb at the 98th ASALH Annual Convention in Jacksonville October 2-6, 2013. More »

Banquet Emcee at the 98th Convention of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH) in Jacksonville, Florida October 5, 2013. Outstanding convention! More »

Dr. Johnnetta Cole, Speaker at the 2013 ASALH National Convention Banquet in Jacksonville, Florida. More »

My mother and President Jimmy Carter. More »

Dr. Robert Hayling, Me, and Charlie Cobb at the 2014 Florida Heritage Book Festival for our presentation on the Civil Rights/Freedom Summer Movement. More »



Referencing an article from LAST YEAR…link below….
"The increase in Black turnout was driven in significant part by more votes from Black women. The increase in black turnout seemed to stem from both energized voters and a successful voter-mobilization effort by the Obama campaign and civil rights groups. Many black voters were motivated not only to protect the president, political organizers said, but also to demonstrate their own right to vote."


My Words….
Guess what? We are still protecting the President!
*No matter how much the Lamestream media and polls try to orchestrate the midterms this year, BLACK VOTES MATTER!
*No matter how much the Lamestream media and polls try to tell you which Republicant seat is safe, BLACK VOTES MATTER!
*No matter how much the Lamestream media and polls try to tell you we could have a Republicant Senate, BLACK VOTES MATTER!
*No matter how much the Lamestream media try to tell you with a Republicant Senate President Obama WILL BE IMPEACHED, BLACK VOTES MATTER!
*Just remember there is one Basic reason why White Republicant Elected Officials pass Voter Suppression laws throughout this country…why White Racist Wealthy Republicants contribute Big Time Money to elect Racist Republicants to public office…why those same White Racist Wealthy Republicant contribute money to organization including the Racist NRA to keep Blacks from voting…why suits are filed by state officials and White Racist organizations to maintain the pre-Civil Rights bill status quo… why White Racists work overtime to intimidate Blacks AT the polling place…Because they ALL know …. BLACK VOTES MATTER. Tell Somebody!!

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.


Many people, Blacks especially, who are now so upset because Adrian Peterson spanked his child with a switch, have short memories. I have heard and read the so-called academic experts and child psychologists and medical professionals talk about what a horrific thing it is to spank a child. Maybe and maybe not. Spankings were a part of the culture in the Black community. Note I said it was a part of our culture.

In fact, our parents would use the switch on the “meaty” portions of your legs or arms to make sure you felt it. Some parents even made you take off your clothes when you got “your whipping”. And some of you are also aghast at the welts on the child’s skin. Glory be!!

As the welts healed, you remembered whatever you did to get those welts. I got spankings too, not many but I got them. Now I do not expect Whites to understand Black culture. I do not understand White culture, yet culture is still culture.

I am sure there are professionals who look at this “whipping” cultural phenomenon in the Black community and with 20/20 vision analyze the whats, the whys, and the wherefores. Bottom line, Black did not consider it child abuse, and it was not considered child abuse. Bill Cosby has a perpetual funny line in his routines when he reacted to his son or daughter saying something he did not think his son or daughter should say to him and his response was…”I brought you in this world. I can take you out of this world.” Now no one feels Bill Cosby would kill his child but his point was… “Do Not Get Too Grown. It will come in due time.”

I saw this headline on a website…”Adrian Peterson's "Switch" Worse Than Ray Rice's Fist For NFL's Public Image”. Really? Says who? Child abuse is serious. But the question remains, is spanking your child abuse? Maybe when we cross cultural lines it is. But in years past, it was not considered child abuse in the Black Community.

Isn't it interesting how the conversation has changed from the NFL, the NBA, and Major League Baseball doing the right thing and not showing their racist tendencies "in public"? So instead of White Wealthy Owners et al shown as the poster boys for racism, Blacks are now shown as the poster boys for abuse. Amazing!

BTW—Speaking of the NFL and Ray Rice and understanding culture and doing the right thing, all of the females hired by the NFL to deal with “social responsibility”— remember those words—Lisa Friel, a former prosecutor; Jane Randel, who founded NO MORE, an organization combating domestic violence; Rita Smith, the former head of the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, and Anna Isaacson, the current NFL community affairs vice president, named the new vice president of social responsibility …..are White Females.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

Race is Always an Issue.

Why ask the rhetorical question, Is race an issue? Race is always an issue. When you read this article, the only difference is a video. Yet as much America would like to, you cannot heap the entirety of spousal/domestic abuse on Ray Rice. He was wrong many times over. Period end of story. But he should not be the scapegoat for domestic violence in America. He is guilty but this article is a clear example of why skin color matters. And please, let us not forget about Marissa Alexander, and she was defending herself.

When Blacks are wrong, we are held up as White Society's example of egregious behavior.

When Whites are wrong, there are always extenuating circumstances. Once again White America only points a finger at Black America when it is convenient. In fact, like I have posted previously, White America points to Black America to shield themselves from a societal problem, and grievous guilt. Black America becomes the perpetrator and the victim all at once.

Slavery was not America's fault, it was Africa's fault.

Whites are discriminated against today —Reverse discrimination— because of Affirmative Action.

Whites are discriminated today more than Blacks (because Whites say they are).

Trayvon Martin would still be alive today, if he had not worn the hoodie. Jordan Davis would be alive, if he had not played the music, Michael Brown would be alive if he were not Black and looking menacing. Dr. Martin Luther King would be alive today had he not "meddled" in issues outside of civil rights, and even that was too much. The 3 civil rights workers would still be alive today had they not gone to Mississippi.

White America is never at fault. And most of White America go along with this charade…especially the Racist-A$$ Media… 1) Because they do not know any better, 2) Because they do not want to know any better, 3) Because they do not give a damn if you know they do not give a damn, 4) Because it takes the explanatory burden off of them, 5) Because it works for them, 6) All Of The Above.

So when you read this article below, don't ask why. You Know Why!


The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.


Today is a day many will stop and pause and contemplate Freedom.

If a person was killed fighting for or defending this country, you would consider them a Hero. Of course those killed on September 11, 2001  represented Freedom in a country ostensibly founded on Freedom. While we commemorate the deaths of those –Heroes All– who were killed on 9/11 as Americans, let us also remember those who were killed during the Civil Rights Movement and the Freedom Movement — by Americans. They were also Heroes as they fought for Freedom.

On the Civil Rights Memorial are inscribed the names of individuals who lost their lives in the struggle for Freedom during the modern Civil Rights Movement – 1954 to 1968. However, many of us take the modern Civil Rights Movement back to a time prior to 1954. The martyrs include activists who were targeted for death because of their civil rights work; random victims of vigilantes determined to halt the movement; and individuals who, in the sacrifice of their own lives, brought new awareness to the struggle. To this list you can add the names of Harriette and Harry T. Moore killed in 1951. They are the only husband and wife killed in the Civil Rights movement as they also fought for Freedom.

Freedom is not in the eye of the Beholder. Freedom is Freedom.

The Struggle Continues.  RLHSR.


So Now You Are Outraged?

We are upset about Ray Rice's violent Spousal abuse, and rightfully so.
We are upset with the video, yet we knew what the video would show based on what was already shown.
We are upset about violent and hateful spousal abuse period, and rightfully so.
We are upset about violent child abuse, and rightfully so.
We are upset about Donald Sterling's Racism, and rightfully so.
We are upset about Bruce Levenson's (majority owner of the Atlanta Hawks) Racism, and rightfully so.
We are upset about Racism period, and rightfully so.
We are upset about the incessant violence and vile inhumanity of Racism, and rightfully so.
We are upset about police brutality, and rightfully so.
We are upset about the needless deaths of Michael Brown, Trayvon Martin, Jordan Davis, Renisha McBride (and this list goes on ad infinitum), and rightfully so.
But spare me the Hypocritical Platitudes, and the Macho Macho Man-ISM.
None of these issues are new…none of the spousal abuse, none of the child abuse, none of the Racism coupled with the indifference of the wealthy, none of the Racism coupled with the indifference of the not so wealthy, none of the violence, none of the police brutality, none of the deaths, none of the Racism, PERIOD. But you are upset NOW because you saw the video? Do you have to see a video EVERYTIME before you believe something and respond?
So since you saw a video, does that make you more indignant since perhaps you did not have a choice but to react when you saw the violence? If you did not see it, it still happened.
And spare me your indignant Bull Sh*t NFL, since basically all you are doing is protecting your brand, and the toys of Wealthy White Boys.
Get indignant and raise hell and ask for heads when there is any kind of domestic and spousal abuse!
Get indignant and raise hell and ask for heads when you hear a Black man has been brutalized by police with no provocation just because they can!
Get indignant and raise hell and ask for heads when you hear a Black man has been gunned down by police with no provocation!
Get indignant and raise hell and ask for heads when you see Racism as thick today as it ever was!
Get indignant when this country takes away a person’s birthright by suppressing their vote!
So unless you are willing to deal with these issues, keep your self-serving comments to yourself.
Or do you have to wait on the video?

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.


On Aug. 17, police in Ferguson, Mo., wait to advance after using tear gas to disperse a crowd protesting the shooting death of Michael Brown. (Charlie Riedel/Associated Press)

“When we look back on what happened in Ferguson, Mo., during the summer of 2014, it will be easy to think of it as yet one more episode of black rage ignited by yet another police killing of an unarmed African American male. But that has it precisely backward. What we’ve actually seen is the latest outbreak of white rage. Sure, it is cloaked in the niceties of law and order, but it is rage nonetheless.

Protests and looting naturally capture attention. But the real rage smolders in meetings where officials redraw precincts to dilute Black voting strength or seek to slash the government payrolls that have long served as sources of Black employment. It goes virtually unnoticed, however, because White rage doesn’t have to take to the streets and face rubber bullets to be heard. Instead, white rage carries an aura of respectability and has access to the courts, police, legislatures and governors, who cast its efforts as noble, though they are actually driven by the most ignoble motivations.

White rage recurs in American history. It exploded after the Civil War, erupted again to undermine the Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education decision and took on its latest incarnation with Barack Obama’s ascent to the White House. For every action of African American advancement, there’s a reaction, a backlash.

The North’s victory in the Civil War did not bring peace. Instead, emancipation brought white resentment that the good ol’ days of black subjugation were over. Legislatures throughout the South scrambled to reinscribe White supremacy and restore the aura of legitimacy that the anti-slavery campaign had tarnished. Lawmakers in several states created the Black Codes, which effectively criminalized blackness, sanctioned forced labor and undermined every tenet of democracy. Even the federal authorities’ promise of 40 acres — land seized from traitors who had tried to destroy the United States of America — crumbled like dust.

Influential White legislators such as Rep. Thaddeus Stevens (R-Pa.) and Sen. Charles Sumner (R-Mass.) tried to make this nation live its creed, but they were no match for the swelling resentment that neutralized the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments, and welcomed the Supreme Court’s 1876 United States vs. Cruikshank decision, which undercut a law aimed at stopping the terror of the Ku Klux Klan.

Nearly 80 years later, Brown v. Board of Education seemed like another moment of triumph — with the ruling on the unconstitutionality of separate public schools for Black and White students affirming African Americans’ rights as citizens. But black children, hungry for quality education, ran headlong into more white rage. Bricks and mobs at school doors were only the most obvious signs. In March 1956, 101 members of Congress issued the Southern Manifesto, declaring war on the Brown decision. Governors in Virginia, Arkansas, Alabama, Georgia and elsewhere then launched “massive resistance.” They created a legal doctrine, interposition, that supposedly nullified any federal law or court decision with which a state disagreed. They passed legislation to withhold public funding from any school that abided by Brown. They shut down public school systems and used tax dollars to ensure that whites could continue their education at racially exclusive private academies. Black children were left to rot with no viable option.

A little more than half a century after Brown, the election of Obama gave hope to the country and the world that a new racial climate had emerged in America, or that it would. But such audacious hopes would be short-lived. A rash of voter-suppression legislation, a series of unfathomable Supreme Court decisions, the rise of stand-your-ground laws and continuing police brutality make clear that Obama’s election and reelection have unleashed yet another wave of fear and anger.

It’s more subtle — less overtly racist — than in 1865 or even 1954. It’s a remake of the Southern Strategy, crafted in the wake of the civil rights movement to exploit white resentment against African Americans, and deployed with precision by Presidents Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan. As Reagan’s key political strategist, Lee Atwater, explained in a 1981 interview: “You start out in 1954 by saying, ‘NIGGER, NIGGER, NIGGER.’ By 1968 you can’t say ‘NIGGER’ — that hurts you. Backfires. So you say stuff like ‘forced busing,’ ‘states’ rights’ and all that stuff. You’re getting so abstract now you’re talking about cutting taxes, and all these things you’re talking about are totally economic things, and a byproduct of them is blacks get hurt worse than whites. And subconsciously maybe that is part of it. I’m not saying that.” (The interview was originally published anonymously, and only years later did it emerge that Atwater was the subject.)

Now, under the guise of protecting the sanctity of the ballot box, conservatives have devised measures — such as photo ID requirements — to block African Americans’ access to the polls. A joint report by the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund and the NAACP emphasized that the ID requirements would adversely affect more than 6 million African American voters. (Twenty-five percent of Black Americans lack a government-issued photo ID, the report noted, compared with only 8 percent of white Americans). The Supreme Court sanctioned this discrimination in Shelby County v. Holder, which gutted the Voting Rights Act and opened the door to 21st-century versions of 19th-century literacy tests and poll taxes.

The economic devastation of the Great Recession also shows African Americans under siege. The foreclosure crisis hit black Americans harder than any other group in the United States. A 2013 report by researchers at Brandeis University calculated that “half the collective wealth of African-American families was stripped away during the Great Recession,” in large part because of the impact on home equity. In the process, the wealth gap between blacks and whites grew: Right before the recession, white Americans had four times more wealth than Black Americans, on average; by 2010, the gap had increased to six times. This was a targeted hit. Communities of color were far more likely to have riskier, higher-interest-rate loans than white communities, with good credit scores often making no difference.

Add to this the tea party movement’s assault on so-called Big Government, which despite the sanitized language of fiscal responsibility constitutes an attack on African American jobs. Public-sector employment, where there is less discrimination in hiring and pay, has traditionally been an important venue for creating a Black middle class.

So when you think of Ferguson, don’t just think of black resentment at a criminal justice system that allows a white police officer to put six bullets into an unarmed black teen. Consider the economic dislocation of black America. Remember a Florida judge instructing a jury to focus only on the moment when George Zimmerman and Trayvon Martin interacted, thus transforming a 17-year-old, unarmed kid into a big, scary Black guy, while the grown man who stalked him through the neighborhood with a loaded gun becomes a victim. Remember the assault on the Voting Rights Act. Look at Connick v. Thompson, a partisan 5-4 Supreme Court decision in 2011 that ruled it was legal for a city prosecutor’s staff to hide evidence that exonerated a Black man who was rotting on death row for 14 years. And think of a recent study by Stanford University psychology researchers concluding that, when white people were told that black Americans are incarcerated in numbers far beyond their proportion of the population, “they reported being more afraid of crime and more likely to support the kinds of punitive policies that exacerbate the racial disparities,” such as three-strikes or stop-and-frisk laws.”

Only then does Ferguson make sense. It’s about white rage.”

By Dr. Carol Anderson, an associate professor of African American studies and history at Emory University and a public voices fellow with the Op-Ed Project. She is the author of “Bourgeois Radicals: The NAACP and the Struggle for Colonial Liberation, 1941-1960.”

My Comments…Great Words, Dr. Anderson. The Struggle Continues.  RLHSR.




• I will kidnap you as a White inferior person, from your European homeland of birth where you will work for centuries for me and other Black slave owners.
• I will separate you as a White inferior male from your White family during your enslavement.
• As a White inferior person, I will make sure you realize I am your Black slave owner and Black Plantation master and I am in total charge.
• I will make sure you do not know how to read and write as a White inferior person. I will severely punish those who teach you to read and write, and I will cut out your tongue and/or put you to death if I find you have been taught to read and write.
• I will rape your White females as a means of continuous breeding White slaves from birth.
• I will withdraw from this country and fight as a terrorist government and army to maintain White slavery.
• I will never apologize for keeping you in bondage as a White inferior person, even if White slavery ends.
• I will exact my will on you as a White inferior person, even after the so-called end of slavery by having my Black riders and my Black warriors lynch and use other means of violence to keep you in your place.
• My Black Knights will ride in your neighborhoods constantly so as a White inferior person you know I am still in charge.
• I will pass Willie Eagle laws so as a White inferior person you will know what Whites cannot do. I will let you know what you can do.
• I will allow you to vote as a White inferior person, only if your White grandfather voted. Since your White grandfather was a slave, he could not vote, and therefore you cannot vote. Correspondingly you cannot hold elective office.
• I will make sure your White descendants as White inferior persons, have to pass an impassable literacy test to vote.
• I will allow you to serve in the military as a White inferior person, but only in separate units. Even after you serve in the military and return home, I will not allow you to enter any establishment that caters to Superior Blacks.
• I will continuously pass laws to let you know as a White inferior person that Blacks are in charge and there is no equal place for Whites no matter your station in life. Segregation Today! Segregation Tomorrow! Segregation Forever
• As a White inferior person, School segregation is the Law of the land. Your White children cannot attend (the better) schools with Black children.
• I will make sure as a White inferior person; you cannot play professional baseball with Black baseball players.
• I will make sure as a White inferior person; you cannot play professional basketball with Black basketball players.
• I will make sure as a White inferior person; you cannot play professional football with Black football players.
• As a White inferior person; you cannot serve in the military as equals with Black servicemen. I will however allow you to do the menial jobs such as cooks and custodians.
• I will assassinate your White leaders in your so-called quest for equality and will allow the murderers to run free and never be apprehended because I do not give damn.
• I will use Black law enforcement officers to murder you and other White inferior persons and use the courts to exonerate them because I can.
• I will never allow a Black person to go to jail for murdering a White inferior person. One Black life is far superior to one White life.
• I will make sure the South rises again and will do everything in my power to return things to the way they used to be with Blacks in charge. Segregation Today! Segregation Tomorrow! Segregation Forever

It Did Not Sound or Appear Racist to Us!


"We did not think this cartoon was racist".

This is the problem, and why you cannot allow people, organizations, entities etc. no matter how much they pretend to be professional to say/write/print/and use racist jokes/comments/articles/cartoons without calling them out. This is not a high school newspaper or a college newspaper. They would probably know better. When you know better, you do better. Apparently this newspaper does not understand. The paper's managing editor Jim Robertson said the cartoon was only criticizing the presence of looters amid peaceful protests against the police killing of unarmed teenager Michael Brown.

"Provocative yes," he said. "Racist? Certainly not in intent." Yeah. Uh huh.

It reminds me of the contemporary joke where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was in a boat with reporters, and the hat of one of the reporters was blown into the water. Dr King got out of the boat, walked on water, retrieved the hat, and returned it to the reporter. The headline the next day in the reporter's paper was "DR. KING CANNOT SWIM!" When you know better, you do better. And newspapers want you to subscribe to their home delivery and online.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

Hello Uncle Ben…Let’s Talk Again.


Dr. Ben Carson says he has "a fire" inside him to rescue the United States from ruin – and he's building a political network to lay the groundwork for a possible 2016 presidential run. "There certainly is a fire lit in me to save our country. I don't know what my role will be in that. Only God knows that, but I'm certainly listening to the people," Carson said.

Uncle Ben …You have that "fire" inside you because got too close to the burning cross at the Klan Rally while serving sweet tea. Better find a water hose. BTW…I am told you need to work on your Doo-Dah.

Uncle Ben, do you really think your newly found White Racist "friends" will even entertain your remotely getting to the White House before them? They are still pissed about President Obama, a real Black Male occupying the White House, and destroying their Political American Dream.  They certainly have no time for the House Nigger's delusions of grandeur.

Can I clue you in on something Unk? Your racist friends really do not respect you. You are just another convenient Nigger!

The Struggle Continues.RLHSR

Abject Racism! It Was Then…It Still Is!

OB sign

From orangeburgmassacre.com.

"An act of racism in a small Southern town led to a peaceful protest by frustrated black college students who were denied use of the community’s only bowling alley.

A conservative Southern governor, wanting to appear tough to his white constituents, overreacted to the civil rights protest ordering a massive show of armed force. As emotions frayed and the situation veered out of control, nine white highway patrolmen opened gunfire onto a college campus—killing three black students and wounding 27 others.

All the students were unarmed and in retreat from the highway patrolmen at the time of the shooting. Yet, without warning, they were shot in their backs with deadly buckshot.

The killings occurred on February 8, 1968—46 years ago—on the campus of South Carolina State College in Orangeburg, South Carolina. Until the shooting, South Carolina was a southern state that had proudly celebrated a record of nonviolence during the turbulent civil rights years.

Nonviolence was equated with racial harmony in a white community with a paternalistic attitude toward its poorer black citizens. Equal rights were another thing.

To help protect its “progressive” self-image on racial issues, a web of official deceptions was created by South Carolina’s young governor—Robert McNair—and his administration to distort the facts and conceal the truth about what happened in Orangeburg.

The state claimed the deaths were the result of a two-way gun battle between students and lawmen at the college. The highway patrolmen insisted their shooting was done in self-defense in order to protect themselves from a attacking mob of students.

To bolster that claim and deflect responsibility from its own actions, the state hastily devised a media campaign to blame the riot on Cleveland Sellers, a young black activist working to organize area college students.

Time would prove none of it was true.

At first, the state’s cover-up worked. Later, upon scrutiny, it began to unravel. Then, with his legacy threatened, McNair broke nearly forty years of silence in 2006 in an attempt to put the pieces back together.

Ignoring facts proven over the years in court cases and through the first person accounts of eyewitnesses, McNair used local media and friendly historians as a tool to help members of his community lie to themselves about their own history. For the last year of his life, he deliberately fogged and distorted the story of the Orangeburg Massacre.

One man who knows the truth minced no words about what happened in 1968.

“They committed murder. Murder…that’s a harsh thing to say, but they did it,” said Ramsey Clark, U.S. Attorney General in 1968. “The police lost their self control. They just started shooting. It was a slaughter. Double ought buckshot is what you use for deer. It’s meant to kill. One guy emptied his service revolver. That takes a lot of shooting. The (students) are running away. Pow, pow, pow, pow, pow, pow!  My God, there’s a murderous intent there. We are lucky more weren’t killed.”

Clark said the student deaths were caused by police criminal acts. “The provocation for the incident was an absurd, provocative display of force,” he said.

Gov. McNair responded to Orangeburg with excessive police power because that was the politically expedient thing to do in 1968, the former attorney general said. 

“Fear, anger, a sense of self-righteousness to justify hating began to be seen as successful politics.” When the tactic backfired, Clark added, state officials fabricated stories that many South Carolinians believe to this day.

After 46 years, the story of the Orangeburg Massacre still simmers, unresolved. It is the chilling saga of the horrors of law enforcement motivated by racism and hatred—and the inability of a Southern state to admit the truth.

The central theme is “mendacity,” the web of lies a community spins in a desperate attempt to maintain it’s self-image and dignity when confronted by its own prejudice. It’s a culture where words are constantly being redefined in order that a people can more comfortably deceive themselves.

“The Orangeburg Massacre has become the litmus test for race relations in South Carolina,” said State Rep. Bakari Sellers, son of South Carolina’s scapegoat during the shooting. “We celebrate it every year and no one seems to care or no one seems to want to understand what really happened. It’s a veil of secrecy that the state has placed over that and kept it that way for as long as possible.” 

That secrecy, Bakari said, must end."

My comments…Many young people today are seeing racist violence for the first time. And they are seeing it because of the ability and the capacity of the electronic age to allow you to photo and copy and video everything. Recording videos and taking photos of various situations as they occurred were not always possible during the Civil Rights Movement. Correspondingly, acts of wanton and virulent racist violence base on core racist attitudes were not captured. But even without the pictures, you cannot deny the stories of America's racism and the violence exacted on Blacks purely based on the color of their skin. This is another case of Southern violence that many have never heard of or maybe just plain forgot. This is just one instance of what happened to Black college students protesting for human dignity and respect.

We Can Never Forget…NEVER!

The Struggle Continues.RLHSR