Picture of first sit-in August 13, 1960 and closed lunch counter. “It was never about a hot dog and a Coke®!” More »

Civil Rights Marker in downtown Jacksonville-Hemming Park/Plaza. More »

With Stetson Kennedy and Wayne Greenhaw. More »

Members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP TODAY---with Marjorie Meeks Brown, Dr. Arnett E. Girardeau, Iona Godfrey King, Rometa Graham Porter, Isaac Carnes, Alton Yates. More »

With NAACP National Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins in 1960 when he spoke in Jacksonville at one of the NAACP Mass Meetings. More »

Receiving Bronze Medal as a Florida Book Awards Winner--with Wayne Wiegand. More »

With Dr. Michael Eric Dyson-Speaker at the 2009 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. More »

Speaker-City of Jacksonville Dr. Martin Luther King Breakfast More »

With Dr. Charles Ogletree, the Harvard Law School Jesse Climenko Professor of Law, and Founding and Executive Director of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice...and the Speaker at the 2008 Jacksonville Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner. Dr. Ogletree taught both Michelle Obama and President Obama at Harvard Law School. More »

Ruby Hurley and Ella Baker, two of 12 Civil Rights Icons immortalized in the 2009 USPS Stamp Issue-Civil Rights Pioneers. More »

Mrs. Ruby Hurley, Southeastern Regional Director NAACP and our 1960 NAACP Youth Council Surrogate Mother. More »

With Civil Rights Icon and Congressman John Lewis More »

50th Anniversary Commemoration of the 1960 Sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday with members of the 1960 Jacksonville Youth Council NAACP. From left...Issac Carnes, Marjorie Meeks Brown, Mary Chisholm Underwood, Iona Godfrey King, and Ann Albertie Hurst (yep my wife). In the rear of the Pulpit area at Bethel Baptist Institutional Church...from left...Ms. Adora Nweze, President of the Florida State Conference of Branches NAACP; Rev. Dr. Randolph Bracy; Isaiah Rumlin, President of the Jacksonville Branch; and Bethel Senior Co-Pastor, Bishop Rudolph McKissick Sr. More »

Jacksonville Branch NAACP 2012 Freedom Fund Dinner More »

With Dr. Jelani Cobb at the 98th ASALH Annual Convention in Jacksonville October 2-6, 2013. More »

Dr. Johnnetta Cole, Speaker at the 2013 ASALH National Convention Banquet in Jacksonville, Florida. More »

Dr. Robert Hayling, Me, and Charlie Cobb at the 2014 Florida Heritage Book Festival for our presentation on the Civil Rights/Freedom Summer Movement. More »




Cultural different also means cultural difference in understanding Black and White. Individual successes by a few Blacks, myself included, does not mean Blacks have arrived or that White America is willing to share America.

I lived through one of the most despicable periods of this country and still live in one of the most insidious racist times in modern history. Discrimination against an entire race of people based on the color of their skin. The offshoot of a vile period in this country's sordid and racist history which entails a race of people enslaved because of the color of their skin. A period in time that some White Americans would have you think was caused by Africans. Thus an American history that will continually lie and has lied…instead of telling the truth.

You do not understand discrimination and bigotry and racism. I do. You do not understand segregation. I do. You do not understand "Colored" signs. I do. You do not understand White and Colored waiting rooms. I do. You do not understand Racism. I do. The signs are no longer there, but they were there and the residual attitudes are still there. I can criticize Ben Carson because I can. You might call him a hero but he is not a hero to me.

When I served in the military Whites and Blacks got along because they were compelled to do so, and there were still the racist fractures. Yet a few years earlier, the military was totally segregated. In fact, the Army issued a report which categorically stated Black soldiers did not have the mental capacity to lead or to serve as officers……and were not brave enough to fight. It is called Racism. The after product of Slavery and the Nadir of Race Relations. It still exists today.

White Privilege and White Supremacy is ingrained in American Life whether you will admit it or not. Racism is ingrained in American Life whether you will admit it or not. White Privilege obviously means the process defers to you and accrues in your favor only because of your skin color. American History and today's culture bears that out. It is real and it is why Blacks over the years had to fight —and are fighting—for basic rights they should have received through this nation's founding documents as American citizens.

Instead of most Whites admitting to Racism and White Privilege and White Supremacy, they deny those elements exist just like most Whites do not feel it necessary to apologize for slavery. And they refuse to admit the Civil War was fought because of slavery. State's Rights they say …which is patently ridiculous.

Whites and Blacks in this country have a long way to go. Quite frankly looking at the racist attitudes which have flared and surfaced because of a Black President, I do not hold out ANY hope we can solve the RACE PROBLEM any time soon. Yet that is not surprising because we have been fighting Racism and fighting White Core Racist Attitudes for centuries. That is why we say the Struggle Continues because it does.

Yep. It Is Still White Privilege.

I often use the term White Privilege which is a fact in these As Yet United States of America. I was accused by one of my White Facebook Friends of continually making "incendiary comments" about White Privilege and White Supremacy. I was also accused of broad brushing Whites (with the term White Privilege) instead of making my comments applicable to narrowly defined guilty targets which the person said I do not have the " unilateral authority to identify."

My response to my White Facebook Friend…
Tim Wise once said if you want to know if racism is a problem you ought not to talk with White people. Yet you and I both know White Privilege is not a myth like racism is not a myth…both are real. And you do not need to earn either. They are both residuals that go with the territory based on the color of one's skin. White privilege accrue to you because of who you are. The opposite is racism which goes along with the territory based on the color of my skin. For me, it makes no difference how hard I work…how many schools I attend…how many degrees…no matter how good my choices are…the American Institution of Racism dictates a built in "penalty" because I am Black. And it is nothing new. I simply call it the American Way. You cannot understand because you have never been there.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

He Is Still The President…and Is He Ever.

I just watched an Excellent Press Conference held by President Obama (9/2/2015). He talked about the vicious murders in Oregon. He held Republi-cant Presidential candidates feet to the fire about gun control. He also laid them out and Congress for their unnecessary and stupid ideological actions and comments which hurt the American Public which do not seem to matter to them. Very thorough and wide ranging press conference and very insightful.
Of course he had to endure some of the banal questions from the press which he handled as ONLY President Obama could. After the press conference you had the perfunctory analysis by reporters who think they are the smartest persons with lips. Almost immediately you had an Imp masquerading as a journalist asking real stupid questions of equally stupid pundits in their news studios. And then you have Chuck Todd and Andrea Mitchell (Mrs. Alan Greenspan) trying to dazzle with their knowledge and understanding. Real Jokes.

Memo to Political Analysts…Try shutting your rancid mouths and opening your virgin ears. And don't tell me you are just doing your jobs. That ceased to exist when President Obama was elected and you decided you were so much more smarter and knowledgeable than the Black President of the United States. White Privilege and White Ego? You Better Believe It!
The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.



A gentleman asked me why I dislike Whites so much. I told him I did not dislike Whites. I told him some of my best friends are White. Take Mary, a White woman whom I know that works at the Church. Mary is different from most Whites you might meet. She is not like the rest of them. One time I heard Mary singing while she was cleaning the Church pantry. She did not know I was there. I just sat and listened to her sing. I think all Whites can sing, and they sing from their soul. I could listen to them sing forever. I do not know Mary’s last name although I did save her some of my clothes. I will give them to her at Christmas. Whites are real thankful when you give them things at Christmas.

One year, I invited two Whites to my house for Thanksgiving. It was part of a church project. They were very thankful. I told them they could enter in the back door. Whites are always appreciative when you let them enter in the back door since that is what they are accustomed to doing. We let them eat in the kitchen because they are usually comfortable in the kitchen. They were on their best behavior. However, I did check the silverware when they left, and it was all there.

Noticing there were two vacant houses on my block, the gentleman asked if I would encourage a White person to move into one of those houses. I told him, oh no! Now don’t get me wrong, as you know, I am as big a Christian as the next person but they would not fit in. Whites do not keep up their property. They do not put out their garbage, and they do not cut their grass as they should. They also play their music real loud. I also understand they have cook-outs on their front lawns. And I have it on good authority they grow watermelons in their backyards. So they definitely would not be good neighbors. Plus they would also make our property values go down.

And they march, and protest about everything. Racism here and Racism there. They think there is Racism everywhere. They say we are prejudiced against them and nothing is further from the truth. We just think they would be happy with their own kind. You know the Bible says Birds of a feather flock together and a leopard cannot change his spots. The pastor preached a great sermon on just that last Sunday. They want to be firemen and God knows all Whites are afraid of heights. So they could not climb a ladder.

I even heard one of the Whites say he wanted to be a lifeguard. Everyone knows they cannot swim. Something about their body types. And even if one becomes a lifeguard heaven forbid, can you imagine a White male rescuing one of our young Southern Belles in a bikini, and wanting to give her mouth to mouth resuscitation. Perish the thought! I had to admit to the gentleman, I have a major concern with Whites when they intermarry. Not so much for them, but for the children. Yeah I really feel for the children. I have to leave now, I am on Neighborhood watch. You can’t be too careful with the White.

The Struggle continues. RLHSR.


The Charter School Scam


Image result for jeb bush image

You can thank Jeb Bush for this Education Scam on poor folks and especially Black folks in the state of Florida. Of course, he was simply laying the ground work concocted with the Big Money Boys to deliver taxpayer's money to private schools while ALSO opening the flood gates for the re-emergence of segregation academies.
1) Start the charter schools in the Black community first.
2) Get THEM to "buy-in".
3) Get the support of some Blacks–term used lightly–in the community by promising them a piece of this HUGE AND PROFITABLE Education Pie.
4) Then get THEM to oppose public education by encouraging THEM to take THEIR children —and the public education dollars—out of the public schools.
AND FINALLY, by the time THEY realize what is really happening, THEY cannot complain because WE started charter schools on THEIR side of town.
And THEY fell for it…Hook, Line, and sinker. WE Got'em. Dumb Niggers.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

We do not want HIM appointing a lot of Federal Judges.

Congratulations, GOP. You're Confirming Judges At The Slowest Rate In 60 Years.

Presidential Elections are all about the Federal Judiciary and the United States Supreme Court. Black President appointing progressive judges for life? Not if Republicants can help it. Thus this 60 year planned slowdown.

Republicants have proven they will go to any lengths to SABOTAGE the Obama Administration and they do not give a damn who they take with them. During the George W. Bush Administration, his Liberty University lawyer plants asked judges how they would vote on an issue or how they felt about an issue BEFORE they were considered for appointment. Obviously a president should know a judge's philosophy before he is appointed BUT Senate Republicants do not want President Obama to have any impact on the Federal Judiciary and the Supreme Court. As far as they are concerned still…he is a communistic inspired Muslim who was not born in America.

The Struggle Continues.  RLHSR.


LISTENING TO THE TALKING HEADS MASQUERADING AS POLITICAL INSIDERS in the lame stream media today, you would have thought the stage last night (9/16/15) at the Republicant Splash Party in the Kiddie Pool (so no one would drown) was filled with 11 of the greatest Orators and Debaters and Progressives in the world. A group who truly had the best interest of the American People at heart instead of 11 or the worst hypocrites with lips.

Once again, the media is the PR arm of the Republicant Party. Or as Chuck Todd famously said, I do not ask tough questions of Republicants on Meet The Press because if the questions are too tough they might turn me down when I ask them to appear on Meet The Press again. Yep, He said that! So how does NBC reward journalistic cowardice like that? Glad you asked. By giving this integrity-challenged wimp more air time. In addition to the boring Meet The Press Sunday program, they gave Chuck Todd –Big Yawn–Ed Schultz's 5:00 pm daily time slot on MSNBC. MEDIOCRE is the name of today's news.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

They Flunked Black History.


Dylan Roof and Min. Louis Farrakhan (Photo Source: Charleston Police Mugshot and  Facebook-Min. Louis Farrakhan)



And as Harriett Tubman said…I could have freed a thousand more slaves if they had realized they were slaves.

It is a shame that some Black Preachers do not realize they are Black and for whatever reasons are afraid of Minister Farrakhan. They ought to be ashamed of themselves and the religious garb on their bodies. Apparently they do not look in the mirror…or maybe they do look in the mirror and think they are White.

Yet some of these ministers in Charleston were the first ones to have a prayer vigil and ask the Nine grieving families to forgive the person who murdered their loved ones while joining hands singing Kumbayah. Their family members were barely cold … they had not even started to grieve …when they asked these Black families to forgive Dylan Roof. I wonder if the Jews were asked to hold hands and forgive and pray for Hitler and the Nazis. All after this homegrown terrorist in a premeditated manner emptied his gun in the church…taking Nine lives…and then fleeing like the coward he was. And there were the Black preachers putting that unfair burden on the families to forgive a Racist Murderer. With your boldness, you are now afraid to allow Minister Farrakhan to speak at various venues in Charleston without ridiculous restrictions? Last I checked, the Minister did not shoot anyone. And you stand in a pulpit and profess to be a man of the cloth.

You even have your parishioners watch TBN and other so-called Christian programming, and some of the most Racist preachers on TV; AND not one time do you call out these White Racists in the pulpit hiding behind the Cross with a Bible in their hands. But you want to restrict a Black minister from speaking in Charleston. I wonder how much you got paid for that "SERVICE?"

Some of these Black Bible thumping preachers in Charleston need to revisit the Black history of Charleston and re-acquaint themselves with Rev. Morris Brown and Denmark Vesey. They apparently flunked Black History.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.

It Is Still The Struggle.

Blacks fighting against Racism today is NOT a NEW Civil Rights Movement. The Civil Rights Movement never ended. Blacks fighting for human dignity and respect today is Not New. There is no difference in Blacks fighting for human dignity and respect today and how they fought during the days of the American Holocaust called Slavery. The Civil Rights Movement of the Forties, Fifties, and Sixties was an extension of the fight. And the fight today is an extension of the fight. Same Fight–Different Time–Different Day.

Martin Luther King and John Lewis and Thurgood Marshall and Ella Baker and Medgar Evers and A. Philip Randolph and Ruby Hurley and Daisy Bates and Malcolm X…extensive list…fought the same fight that Ida Wells-Barnett and James Weldon Johnson and Walter White and William Trotter and W.E.B.DuBois and Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass and Richard Allen and Denmark Vesey…extensive list…fought. Young people today are fighting the same fight thousands before them fought. Being enslaved and kept in chains is the history of America. Lynching Blacks is the history of America. Racism is the history of America. Being judged by the color of your skin is the history of America. Being denied the right to vote is the history of America. Being denied Life Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness as a Black person is the history of America. And Blacks fighting for all of these "things" is the history of America. That has not changed. The fight FOR Civil Rights IS the fight AGAINST The American Institution of Racism. The day is different …the names are different…but the issues are the same and the skin color is the same; and in the final analysis, THE STRUGGLE is the Same.


She is not Rosa Parks on her Best Days


"If some jackass speeds because he thinks speed limits are too low, he’s not the Rosa Parks of speeding when he gets arrested – he’s just a self-important jackass who thinks he’s above the law. "

On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, When Mrs. Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order to give up her seat in the "colored section" to a white male passenger, she was considered a Nigger Agitator and a few other choice racial epithets as well. She was fighting against Montgomery Alabama's segregated municipal bus ordinance which said "Whites sit from front. Coloreds sit from rear." In other words separate but equal. Mrs.Parks' refusal to move was a planned "test case" to get this racist law into the court system. Her arrest became another chapter In the Civil Rights Movement. Blacks boycotted Montgomery's Municipal buses for 381 days. She and Dr. Martin Luther King and E. D. Nixon and thousands of Blacks in Montgomery decided "enough is enough". They fought Segregation and Racism which were and are very much extensions of White Privilege and White Supremacy and the American Institution of Racism. On June 4, 1956, the federal district court ruled that Alabama’s racial segregation laws for buses were unconstitutional. While the case was appealed to the United States Supreme Court, segregation remained intact and the boycott continued. On November 13, 1956, the United States Supreme Court upheld the ruling of the lower court and legally ended racial segregation on Alabama’s public buses.

Rosa Parks was a true activist and a civil right pioneer and a fighter against racism; and as such was presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Clinton on September 9, 1996.

Kim Davis is not Rosa Parks. She’s the *($%^&$ racist bus driver on the Montgomery bus who asked her to move.

The Struggle Continues. RLHSR.